Main Rules of Nutrition In Intestinal Fungus

Again and again, the spread of intestinal fungi is discussed and discussed. Before going into the topic of “nutrition in intestinal fungus”, first a few basic explanations about possible complaints and causes of the spread of intestinal fungi. Often the intestinal fungus is not localized or as the cause of complaints such. As flatulence and abdominal pain, indigestion, diarrhea, heartburn, allergies, and acne, it remains unnoticed.

Medicine and research suggest that an intestinal fungus called Candida albicans meddles on the intestinal mucosa of 60 to 80 percent of all humans. If the biological balance in the intestine is correct and there is no excessive spread of the fungus, then it has no adverse effect on our well-being and our health. Problems arise in that the intestinal fungus disproportionately spread and the intestinal flora is disturbed. The reason for this can be e.g. a weakened or disturbed immune system or the administration of antibiotics.

Nutrition in intestinal fungus – what do you have to look for in a bowel fungus diet?

Patients who are already suffering from excessive intestinal infections, but also people who want to prevent the excessive spread of intestinal fungi can create by adhering to some nutritional rules, the basis for a healthy intestinal flora and counteract the development and spread of intestinal fungi.

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Main rules of nutrition in intestinal fungus / Candida albicans

The top priority is that intestinal fungi can love and use sugar in every form. Thus, you should avoid sugar in any form or omit completely. Caution is also required with dietetic foods. Although they contain no sugar, they are made with sugars such as maltose, which in turn favor the fungus. Without sugar, of course, also means without fructose, maple syrup, or honey. Even sweet drinks contain amounts of fructose. During a fungal attack, you should therefore abstain from lemonades or sweet juices. Of course, as fruits contain sugar as well, it is essential to consume only sour types of fruit such as apples and grapefruit. High fructose fruits such as grapes, plums, bananas, and pears should be removed from the diet during fungal infestations.

You should definitely refrain from eating white flour products. These include white bread, light bread rolls, or baguettes. Also, yeast pastry is in the time of a fungal infection of the intestine necessarily banish from the diet.

Foods that do not like intestinal fungi

Of course, there are also foods that do not like intestinal fungi. These include salads and raw food. Also, vegetables are among the suggested foods in the diet during a fungal attack. Here you can choose freely among all types of vegetables. Every type of salad and vegetable prevents the growth of the fungus through herbal ingredients. Artichokes, radish or cauliflower have a particularly favorable effect. You can also consume tomatoes, leeks, or onions.

We recommend wholegrain products of all kinds, as they contain fiber, minerals, vitamins, and trace elements that are good for the intestinal flora and intestinal mucosa.

Also suitable for nutrition in intestinal fungus legumes, they are also rich in fiber, contain high-quality proteins, and plant substances to support the intestinal flora. Whole grain rice, potatoes or wholemeal pasta are also suitable foods for Candida.

You do not have to do without eating meat or fish. Fats and oils are also harmless.

For lovers of dairy products, there are also no restrictions. Especially dairy products such as natural yogurt with live Lactobacillus cultures are recommended as they provide a healthy intestinal environment. Also in sauerkraut lactic acid bacteria are included, which are good for the intestinal flora. Alcohol consumption should be avoided during a bowel fungus diet.

An important tip to conclude: Under no circumstances should you try a zero diet because the fungus could change, as a result, becomes more aggressive and attacks the tissue.

How and Why Spirulina Weight Loss Benefits

Can Spirulina help you lose weight?

This is certainly a question that lots of individuals ask, and the answer is absolutely YES! Spirulina can help with weight loss. Remember, spirulina is not a fad, a magic diet pill, or any type of instant weight loss formula. Spirulina is an all-natural source of protein, natural vitamins, essential minerals, and essential fatty acids. It can help your body become more healthy, natural and easy.

In the Western world, our diets hardly contain the fuel our body needs for optimal health. Fast, processed foods do not contain any of the natural goodness that was once found in regular, regular diets years ago. Our body needs help with getting everything they need to do their best. A healthy body will lose fat easily, as it has everything to do well. A fast metabolism, combined with a high protein intake, will help tremendously when losing weight. This is where spirulina can help. It contains so many vitamins, minerals, and vital substances our body needs, all in one substance. That’s why Spirulina is nicknamed “Nature’s Wonder Food”. There is nothing comparable!

Many people who support spirulina with weight loss take spirulina powder or a tablet one hour before they sit down to eat a meal. The high protein levels of spirulina slow their digestion, lighten their appetite, and help them feel less hungry. We all know, the less you eat, the more you will lose! Combined with regular daily exercise and a healthy and balanced diet, Spirulina can help you achieve your weight loss goals sooner!

Spirulina Weight Loss Benefits

Without doubt one of the best known and talked about Spirulina benefits, it’s natural ability to help and support weight loss. While Spirulina has weight-loss benefits, Spirulina itself does not burn fat directly but it does not naturally support the body in many different ways. When combined with a healthy eating plan and regular exercise, it is highly effective and beneficial for your body to take full advantage of spirulina benefits when following a weight loss plan. Let us explore some of the different ways Spirulina weight loss benefits.

    1. High in protein

Spirulina is among the finest sources of protein that available. It contains far more protein than other sources such as meat, soybeans, and corn. A longer sense of satiety is the effect of a high-protein diet that you will feel. Most people have heard of ‘low GI’ foods. They are foods that help to digest your body longer, help you stay away from snacks, and treat high-sugar when you feel hungry. You can see how and why Spirulina weight loss benefits. Even a high protein diet leads to a faster metabolism. This means that you burn the calories you eat faster, allowing you to make your diet and exercise program more efficient. You will see and notice great weight loss results!

    1. Essential vitamins and minerals

No wonder, they call it Natures Great Food. Spirulina contains many essential vitamins and minerals required for good health and is a premier source of essential omega-3 fatty acids that can also boost brain function. While a healthy diet and a regular mainting exercise routine benefits from giving your body a boost, Spirulina weight loss, of course.

Spirulina can help you in giving your body exactly what it needs, of course. There is no other natural source quite like it, and no one can match pretty much all of the spirulina’s health benefits. Whether you want to lose weight, or just want to do a favor for your body, and give it all the nutrients and vitamins it needs, enjoying these Spirulina benefits will speed you up in the fast lane for good health.

In a world of weight loss supplements, high protein shakes, loss magic weight pills, and diets, spirulina differs from them all because it is a natural substance, not a man-made invention. You can be sure that spirulina is a healthy weight loss option.

The Most Important Benefits of Ginkgo Biloba

Known as Ginkgo biloba ginkgo or its scientific name-for which we have a hugely popular shrub in many Asian countries where it has a leading position in traditional medicine. It is a tree in China and Japan and has more than 200 million years old. It is also known by the curious name of the tree forty or shields as a tree of pagodas.

Anyway, its name derives from the Chinese word yah-chio which means just because of the strange shape “duck go” to present the leaves of this tree very much reminiscent of the appearance represented by the leg of the animal. Later in Japanese word, this name became “ginkgo” And eventually “Yin Kuo” which means “golden apricot”. It is scientifically known as Ginkgo biloba L., and belongs to the Ginkgoaceae family.

There is no doubt that we are facing a very strong tree. And it is that the only survivor, apart from the fact that geologically absolutely all climatic changes, as occurred on Earth, appears to have resisted the various most serious contaminants of the twentieth century.

The Benefits Of Ginkgo Biloba

Good for the circulation

The action of this tree seems to be directly related to the synergies between the various compounds, is particularly effective in alleviating circulatory disorders, since it is known that the active ingredients expand veins, arteries, and capillaries and improve microcirculation and the viscoelasticity of the blood, which prevents the formation of blood clots. Therefore, it will be an excellent preventive against the formation of blood clots.

This quality is found by the presence of flavonoids, which exert an effect on the vasodilataroa different walls of both arteries and capillaries. In turn, platelets also prevent sedimentation in the interior of blood vessels.

The ginkgo is ideal for poor circulation in the legs, which can cause excessive fatigue and pain. In fact, some studies have found that a regular basis for this treatment facility in relieving circulatory disease is useful primarily to affect the legs.

Relieves tired legs

Poor blood circulation in the legs affects the appearance of an annoying and uncomfortable tiredness, which is usually known by the name of tired legs. In this sense, ginkgo extract is useful for relieving tired legs due to poor circulation.

The Benefits Of Ginkgo Biloba

Excellent for memory and learning

In addition, studies have shown that ginkgo has a positive effect on the forces of learning and memory, increasing cerebral blood flow and oxygen and important nutrients. Therefore, it is very useful to improve behavior and improve learning.

We recommend that you read: How to feed your memory?

In addition, it is particularly recommended for the treatment of memory impairment and impairment of cognitive functions (in the context of aging). This quality is found by the presence of a component known as bilobalid, and which acts as cerebral protection against senile dementia.

It reduces the discomfort of the PMS

If you suffer from premenstrual syndrome every month, opt for Ginkgo biloba as a natural treatment. And it is that positive by acting as a vasodilator in helping to reduce menstrual cramps.

Relieves depression in the elderly

It is common for many older people to suffer from depression as a result of poor circulation in the brain. Because ginkgo particularly improves blood circulation in some parts of the brain, increased blood supply to the cells that occur in this important and vital organ of our body improve depressive processes.

In short: properties of ginkgo

    • Recommended memory issues during treatment.
    • Useful in the treatment of disorders of cognitive functions.
    • positive effect on learning and memory.
    • Relieves circulatory disorders.
    • Extends the veins, arteries and capillaries.
    • Improves both the microcirculation and viscoelasticity of blood.
    • Prevents clot formation.

To consider contraindications of ginkgo

Ginkgo, like any other medicinal herb, has a number of contraindications that should always be considered before consumption. The most important are:

    • Consumption of blood thinning drugs: Since the ginkgo has a vasodilator, its consumption is not recommended for people receiving medical treatment based on anticoagulants.
    • Pregnancy and lactation: Consumption during pregnancy can lead to premature birth or heavy bleeding during childbirth. On the other hand, it is not recommended during breastfeeding because they have not proven their safety.
    • Before the operation: just because of its vasodilator effect, not consumption is recommended when surgery is due.

How to take ginkgo?

You can take ginkgo capsules or drops. Both products are given to herbalists and nutrition shops. Yes, it is advisable to follow the doses given on the packaging, as increased consumption of the recommended amounts may cause nervousness, vomiting, diarrhea and sleep disturbances.

In addition, it is common for Ginkgo biloba to cause headaches in the first few days after treatment. However, these symptoms tend to disappear gradually.

Heart Healthy Foods – Low Fat Diet For High Cholesterol

A low-fat diet program for high cholesterol is concerned about consuming a variety of low-fat, heart-healthy foods as propagated by the American Heart Association (AHA). These foods can help remove harmful cholesterol from the body. In addition to eating the most beneficial foods, they need you to be prepared in a healthy manner to get optimal results. Plus, no heart healthy diet completely without exercise, a known cholesterol-lowering factor.

Heart-healthy foods

Eat heart healthy food. Be in accordance to the AHA, heart-healthy foods are high in fiber, low in fat and high in antioxidants. These heart-healthy foods can increase your “bad” cholesterol level (LDL) as well as decrease your “good” cholesterol level (HDL). Soluble fiber helps remove harmful cholesterol from the body.

Eat soluble fiber foods. Notable sources of soluble fiber include whole grains, lentils and beans, nuts and seeds, fruits and vegetables, and healthy oils of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated varieties. The USDA recommends eating at least 10g of soluble fiber daily to lower your LDL.

Eat oatmeal. A 1 1/2 cup serving of oatmeal, it says in the Mayo Clinic, contains 6 grams of soluble fiber. In fresh fruit and increase soluble fiber of 4 g. Top with cinnamon and low-fat milk to start your low-fat diet for high cholesterol day nutritiously.

Eat plant sterol foods as part of your low-fat diet for high cholesterol. Plant sterols contain a strong lowering of the cholesterol property along with many beneficial antioxidants. According to the American Dietetic Association, herbal sterols are notable in low-fat soy products such as tofu, tempeh, soy and soy milk; walnuts; avocados; Linseed and sunflower seeds. You can also buy foods fortified with plant sterols such as orange juice, margarine and fruit smoothies.

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Not Heart Healthy Foods

Watch out for saturated and trans fats. Foods containing these fats, according to the Mayo Clinic and USDA, can increase your “bad” cholesterol levels.

Saturated fats are found in animal products such as offal and whole-fat dairy products, including egg yolks and red meats. These fats are also found in fried foods, processed and prepackaged foods, biscuits, bread and many fast foods.

Food Preparation Methods

Choose heart-healthy cooking methods. According to the AHA and the USDA, if your food is made in an unhealthy method, such as deep frying, it can increase your LDL level. Healthy Cooking Methods to choose high cholesterol from your low-fat diet include steaming, grilling, poaching and baking (without excessive oils).

Physical activity

Exercise. Your low-fat high-cholesterol diet must also include daily physical activity, according to the AHA. It is recommended to have 30 minutes daily for at least five days a week. The exercise does not have to be exhausting for you to reap health benefits. Physical activity can lower your LDL. Choose activities that you are happy with and switch to avoid boredom.

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5 Often Underrated Fat Burning Tips On Weight Loss

There are countless tips on weight loss, and many of them may already be familiar to most. “Change your diet to whole foods. Make sure you use more energy. Interval training with heavy weights is more effective than extensive cardio training “, etc. The list of advice could be endless. The tips and tricks presented here are intended for those who want to lose weight in a healthy way, regardless of whether you are already fit for good habits and want to reach the next level or just start losing weight.

    1. Ensure adequate hydration

How do you do that best? Just get used to drinking a glass of water in the morning and always before eating, and drink enough between meals. You should never feel thirsty.

    1. Avoid carbohydrates in the morning

There are many different theories about carbohydrate timing. You’ve probably heard that most carbohydrates should be taken in the morning, as the body needs to be refueled and needs new energy. Although this sounds logical in theory, it is not 100% correct in the end. Try to start your day with proteins for a week instead of carbohydrates.

    1. Home remedy for belly fat

Many choose the wrong way to reduce their belly fat. In doing so, many home remedies can reduce fat and form the body, causing miracles, provided they are applied. Of course, some stamina and patience is required before the first results are achieved, but it is absolutely worthwhile. Some of these helpful home remedies for losing weight are: tomato, ginger and apple cider vinegar.

    1. Vitamin D and magnesium

In weight loss, vitamin D and magnesium play an important role. They are very important for the metabolic processes in the body. An undersupply makes weight loss difficult or even impossible. Apart from the fiber, the loss of weight in the project is a major shortcoming for most people in the supply of vitamins and minerals.

    1. Ensure a sufficient and restful sleep

When you are well rested and well rested, your body will produce less ghrelin (which is a predominantly gastric hormone that reduces energy expenditure and causes starvation). The lower limit: you will have less appetite and burn more calories.

 

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How Alcohol And Caffeine Affect Blood Pressure

Introduction

Blood pressure is the measurement of the power of your blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Their blood vessels are the arteries, veins and capillaries. Blood pressure is an important concept as it helps to drive up the oxygen and nutrients that your body needs to survive throughout your system. Unfortunately, when the blood pressure becomes too high, it can potentially damage the blood vessels. Two substances that can contribute to higher blood pressure, if not used in moderation, are alcohol and caffeine.

Alcohol

According to the American Heart Association, drinking alcohol in moderation can potentially have a positive effect on your heart. However, “in moderation” means only one or two drinks a day for men, and only one drink a day for women. Once you start consuming more than these, your blood pressure can begin to be adversely affected. Alcohol first does this by disrupting blood flow to the heart by removing nutrient-rich blood from the heart. Alcohol is also high in calories, resulting in obesity, which in turn also raises blood pressure levels. According to the Mayo Clinic, if you are currently taking antihypertensive medication, alcohol can interfere with their ability to work, putting you at an even higher risk of dangerously high blood pressure.

Caffeine

Caffeine can also be beneficial in moderation. According to men’s health, caffeine can help actively activate dopamine molecules and can also help fight off Alzheimer’s. But just like alcohol, when not used in moderation, caffeine can also have harmful effects on your blood pressure. Caffeine affects the blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels. It does this by binding with adenosine receptors in the body, which blocks the possibility of properly functioning adenosine. Adenosine is a hormone that is partially responsible for helping keep blood vessels far enough for blood to pass through easily. Caffeine also stimulates the release of adrenaline and adrenal cortisol. One of the side effects of releasing these chemicals into the bloodstream is an increase in blood pressure.

How Many Miles To Go For A Day For Weight Loss

Walking is an easy way to burn extra calories, lose weight, and reduce body fat. This low-impact exercise can lead to a significant amount of weight loss over time. The number of calories you burn depends on how fast you go, how many miles you go, and how much you weigh. Persistent and vigorous foot can lead to weight loss of more than 20 pounds in just five months.

Gauging Calorie Depletion

One way to estimate your calorie reduction is by using a calorie calculator. This tool can be viewed online and is used to estimate energy consumption by weight. To figure out how many calories you have burned at a calorie calculator, enter in your weight, the number of hours/minutes went, and the intensity of your workout.

Recommended calorie depletion and intake

To lose weight, according to the Mayo Clinic, you need to burn more calories than you consume. A pound is 3,500 calories, so a pound a week would have to go away to lose 500 calories a day. For a 135-pound woman, this means walking 1 hour and 10 minutes a day to burn one pound a week. For a 200-pound person, walk about 50 minutes a day every day of the week and you will lose a pound. A person who has a heavier weight burns more calories than a person who is lighter.

Your body needs at least 1200 calories a day to work, according to most health organizations, so make sure you do not fall below this amount, otherwise, your body will go into starvation mode and slow down the metabolism.

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How many miles you should go for Weight Loss

For optimal weight loss, walk 4 miles per hour. A jog starts at about 5 miles per hour, so you should run between four and five miles an hour. This corresponds to a 15-minute mile. If you are looking to lose one pound a week, individuals less than 140 pounds should walk more than four miles on foot, and individuals over 140 pounds should go between 3.5 and four miles a day (every day).

Achieve Goals Weight loss

If you aim to lose 20 pounds, walk three to six miles each day for five months to get to your fitness goal. Shorter amounts of walking, like 30 minutes will improve your health but are unlikely to lead to a significant decrease in weight loss in a short time. If time is a topic, split your walks to 15-minute intervals four to six times a day. The faster and more often you go, the faster you will achieve your weight loss goals.

Get Healthy with Weight Loss and Low Fat Diet

The American Dietetic Association says that a low-fat diet helps people achieve and maintain weight loss goals and improve health. Weight loss and a low-fat diet with exercise help people reduce their risks of developing heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes. When people reduce the amount of fat consumed, they replace fats with nutritious, satiety. The American Dietetic Association says that although weight loss and low-fat diet go hand in hand, people still need to consume healthy fats.

Low-Fat Diets and Weight Loss Programs

The Vanderbilt University Department of Psychology states that weight loss programs like Jenny Craig, Weight Watchers, Pritikin and Ornish are low-fat diets. These diets help people lose unwanted pounds by limiting the amount of fat consumed. Fruits and vegetables take the place of fatty foods because of their nutritional value. People follow personalized menus, outlining what foods to eat and disheartening scams. Customers choose from a food list to make sure they get their daily diet. Dieters learn to choose healthy foods, and build their own daily meal plans.

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How to Low Fat Diet Help with Weight Loss

Weight loss and low fat diet work together to reduce pounds, as lower high fat foods contain fewer calories than more fatty foods. Vanderbilt University has found that because low-fat foods are less dense, people can eat more of them and feel full faster. This helps dieters lose weight and get healthy weights. For weight loss, people should consume less than 30 percent of their calories from fat.

Low-fat diet and obesity-related diseases

People undertake low-fat diets to lose weight and reduce their risks of developing obesity disorder such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol. These conditions occur because of excess fat storage in the body. Foods eaten on a low-fat diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber to combat the conditions associated with obesity.

Low Fat does not mean No Fat

Although low-fat diets promote weight loss, people still need healthy fats for the body to function properly. McKinley Health Center states that fat helps the body grow and develop, serves as an energy source, absorbs vitamins, cushions organs, and maintains cell membranes. Replace saturated fats and trans fats with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. Foods that are good fats include salmon and other fatty fish, trout, herring, tuna, mackerel, nuts, seeds, and avocados.

The Vanderbilt University Department of Psychology states that weight loss programs like Jenny Craig, Weight Watchers, Pritikin and Ornish are low-fat diets. These diets help people lose unwanted pounds by limiting the amount of fat consumed. Fruits and vegetables take the place of fatty foods because of their nutritional value. People follow personalized menus, outlining what foods to eat and disheartening scams. Customers choose from a food list to make sure they get their daily diet. Dieters learn to choose healthy foods, and build their own daily meal plans. Weight loss and low fat diet work together to reduce pounds, as lower high fat foods contain fewer calories than more fatty foods. Vanderbilt University has found that because low-fat foods are less dense, people can eat more of them and feel full faster. This helps dieters lose weight and get healthy weights. For weight loss, people should consume less than 30 percent of their calories from fat.

Exercise

Exercise plays an important role in supporting weight loss on a low-fat diet. Exercise regularly burns excess fat and calories effectively when combined with a low-fat diet. Overweight and sedentary people start with simple activities such as 30 minutes of physical activity a day, such as walking and low-impact aerobics.

Fast Weight Loss With The Detox Juice Diet

Diet plans, diet tips, and dieting techniques are wherever you look. Books, instructional videos, hypnosis books on tape, infomercials on television, and advertising on the radio all claim to have the weight loss plan you’ve been looking for. Sources say a detoxifying or detoxifying juice diet can quickly lose weight; but what is it, is it safe and does it work?

Not a full-blown “Fast”

Typically the word “fast” means the participant will not always ingest any food or water, but detox juice diets allow both food and water. The food is allowed juices, so you need the nutrients you need to survive without having to lift your digestive system to lift a figurative finger.

Detox juice diets do not limit the amount of juice you can drink and highly recommend drinking large amounts of water so you never feel empty or hungry during the diet. If the plan you want to follow suggests any limitation on the amount of juice or water you take, consider looking for another plan.

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It works?

If you are not just looking for a way to lose weight fast, but in the long term, the detox juice diet may not be the best option for you. Similar to other diet plans that restrict your intake of carbohydrates, this type of diet also. With carbohydrate restriction, you lose water in your system, making the number go down the scale (water weight) until you start to eat carbohydrates again.

The restriction of carbohydrates makes the body go into ketosis, a condition where you burn fat stores for energy instead of carbohydrates. The process of ketosis can lead to an unpleasant odor from the pores, a property some will call proof it works out. The juice taken during a detox juice diet will prevent you from entering ketosis, but the same principle applies; The scale goes down, but it is water that is lost rather than fat.

Problems with it

If you decide to start on a detox diet plan, be aware of a few things that signal that you should consider taking a break from the plan. If you lose weight too fast, you will most certainly win again faster. A health-conscious, average weight loss is sure one to two pounds a week. Many detox diet plans do not provide important nutrients and result in losing electrolytes; Watch for tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting. All these symptoms are signs you need extra nutrients.

If your goal is to jump-start your diet and wellness plan, but then maybe a detox juice diet is a great option for you to consider for short-term use at startup. After the plan for a few days, you can give a boost and inspire you to continue your journey. But no matter what you decide, contact your doctor before going on any diet plan.

New Hormones Can Revolutionize Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes mellitus now affects more people than ever, with nearly one in ten Americans suffering from it, and the number of diabetics in developing countries is growing rapidly. And while treatments are constantly improving as research progresses, the currently available therapeutic options are far from ideal. But a major breakthrough in diabetes research recently reported by a group of scientists in the journal Cell Phone offers a new hope for radically new and improved ways to combat this disease.

The research team at Harvard led by Douglas Melton focused on the pancreatic beta cells that are responsible for the production of insulin. In type I diabetes, these cells are gradually destroyed by the body’s immune system, and in type II diabetes, but at some point begin to fail as the disease progresses, making them a prime target for possible new therapeutic approaches for diabetes. In healthy people, beta cells usually divide at a rather sluggish rate, with the total remaining more or less constant. But it has been known for some time that under certain conditions, such as pregnancy, they can multiply much faster. The aim of the scientists was what exactly triggers this proliferation, and whether this will then be used to increase their numbers for therapeutic purposes.

Working with mice as model animals, she first devised a way to replicate her body’s perception as if insulin lacked what they hoped would replicate the beta cells faster. They did this by using an injection of insulin receptor antagonists, which prevents the insulin binding to its receptors in different tissues, effectively blocking its action. The effect of this blockade turned out exactly as they had hoped: when mice were given the insulin antagonist, their beta cells responded rapidly by dividing faster and more numerous.

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Once the beta cells were awakened in division faster, the scientists were able to investigate what mechanism lay behind this effect. First, they quickly ruled out the possibility that the insulin antagonist acted directly on the beta cells. This could then only mean that another substance released to other tissues and acting on the beta cells in the pancreas – a description incorporating a hormone – had to be responsible. How many hormones are peptides and thus encoded by specific genes, then researchers decided how the administration of insulin antagonists affects gene expression in different tissues. In particular, a gene caught their attention because its expression in liver cells greatly increased in response to insulin receptor blockade. Furthermore, this gene had some properties that it encodes for a peptide secreted from the cells, as suggested for a hormone. They called the gene and its product betatrophin, which comes from the Greek and translates into about ‘beta nutritious.’ Importantly, humans also possess a betatrophin gene and the hormone is also produced in the human liver.

The last step was to show that they really found the right substance. Instead of trying to isolate betatrophin or somehow produce and inject it into the mice, additional copies of the gene are inserted betatrophin them into the liver cells, thereby significantly increasing the production of the hormone. The beta-cell response was fast and vigorous: once betatrophin production started in the liver, its proliferation rate increased by more than 30-fold! As a result, the pancreas of the mice was elevated in betatrophin able to produce larger amounts of insulin, to the point that glucose tolerance was even better than that of healthy mice.

Extrapolating these results to humans, it is not difficult to imagine what this means for diabetics. Injecting betatrophin once a week, for example, would increase the proliferation of their ailing beta cells, increasing insulin production and ensuring natural glycemic control – which is far better than having to rely on insulin injections.

Of course, it is far too early to celebrate a new revolution in diabetes therapy. It remains to be seen if the results in mice are also reproduced in humans; It has happened before that results that very promising mice could be replicated in human clinical trials are being sought. We thus have to wait for further studies, and until scientists are able to produce enough to try it in betatrophin humans, we can not be sure what to really expect.

But the discovery of a new hormone that can increase the proliferation of insulin-producing cells is still exciting news. Because even if the further research ultimately proves disappointing, or shows that the real story behind betatrophin is more complicated than it looks now, there will still be radically new leadership in the search for better treatments for diabetes – and with it the hope for a healthier and longer life for the billions of diabetics worldwide.

Balloon In The Stomach For Aid Weight Loss Methods

From a body mass index of more than 30 kg / m², it is referred to as obesity, which as a chronic disease can lead to a significant reduction in life expectancy. Since conservative treatment measures can only achieve low success rates of 1 to 2% in the long term, medicine now offers a whole range of invasive weight-loss measures, most notably surgical measures such as gastric banding and gastric bypass. Although the surgical treatment of obesity has proven to be extremely effective, the various methods of bariatric or overweight surgery all have a complication rate that should not be underestimated. The gastric balloon is an alternative for sufferers who are unwilling to bariatric surgery or – for whatever reason – are not eligible for it.

In the forum, there are tips, advices, and discussions around the topics gastric reduction, gastric band, and gastric balloon

Slimming with a gastric balloon

If larger foreign bodies stay in the stomach for a long time, this usually leads to weight loss. This observation has long been known in medicine before a gastric balloon was first used in 1982 to induce weight loss in an obese patient. Meanwhile, the procedure of gastric balloon implantation has become firmly established as a non-surgical weight loss option and has proven its effectiveness in many studies – but only in combination with a supervised diet, a light endurance sports program, and behavioral training that leads to a permanent change in dietary habits and lifestyle. Gastric balloon implantation may be recommended if the bodyweight is at least 40% above ideal weight and other measures have not led to permanent weight loss.

The technique of gastric balloon implantation

The implantation of a gastric balloon is gastroscopically, i. a gastroscopy, which is carried out on an outpatient basis with short sedation and without anesthesia. For this purpose, the initially empty balloon is introduced into the stomach in rolled-up form and then filled with 400-700 ml saline solution. As a result, the balloon can not be transported further into the intestine and floats freely in the stomach. Due to the volume of the balloon, a fast feeling of satiety is developed when eating, thereby reducing the amount of food. The implantation is done in most cases within 20 to 30 minutes.

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Gastric balloon as a weight loss aid

The gastric balloon is a tool that supports weight loss and only makes sense in combination with a tight diet program, consistent movement therapy, and behavioral modifications. Behavioral modifications are needed to align long-term dietary habits and lifestyle towards permanent weight loss. With such a structured weight loss program, balloon in the stomach can help you lose 10 to 15 kg of weight within six months. The sole implantation of a gastric balloon without accompanying measures makes little sense, since after removal of the balloon with a renewed increase in weight is to be expected or, the weight loss falls from the outset rather disappointing. It is generally recommended to remove the gastric balloon after six months. This requires a new gastroscopy, in which the balloon is pecked so that the saline empties into the stomach and the balloon can be removed through the esophagus.

Technical development is the controllable gastric balloon. However, this requires a small procedure in which the balloon introduced into the stomach is connected to a thin catheter which leads to an under-skin reservoir via which the filling volume of the balloon can be varied by injection. These balloons only make sense if the balloon treatment is to be carried out for longer than 6 months.

Weight reduction with the help of a gastric balloon thus requires a high level of motivation of the person concerned, who has best informed himself in advance about professionally guided weight loss programs. In the case of extreme overweight, it may be sensible to initiate a significant weight reduction before a planned bariatric operation with the help of a gastric balloon, so that the risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications can be reduced.

Side effects and complications of gastric balloon

The special advantage of the gastric balloon compared to overweight surgery lies in the simple and always reversible technique that can be performed on an outpatient basis without anesthesia. But even though balloon in the stomach is gentle for weight loss methods, problems can occur.

In the first days after a balloon implantation nausea and vomiting, occasionally stomach cramps are possible. If nausea gets worse, it is sometimes necessary to intervene with medication in order to quench nausea and to compensate for the fluid loss caused by the vomiting. A gastric balloon can cause stomach ulcers, which can lead to threatening bleeding or perforation. For prophylaxis is therefore often prescribed an oral gastric protective agent that the patient must take regularly. In rare cases, the colonization of saline in the balloon with bacteria has been observed. If the saline solution in the stomach and intestine empties, feverish diarrhea can be the result. In theory, injury to the esophagus may occur during implantation or removal of a gastric balloon.

The acidic gastric contents may over time attack the silicone-containing material of the balloon such that the saline solution empties into the stomach through a leak in the balloon wall. It may well happen that the emptied balloon migrates towards the intestine and is excreted in the best case by natural means. When walking through the intestine, it can also get stuck and trigger a bowel obstruction, which then has to be repaired surgically. Since the evacuation of the balloon, deflation, almost always goes unnoticed, the saline solution is often added a dye that is excreted through the kidneys. If the patient notices a discoloration of his urine, this is an alarm signal and a prompt medical presentation is advisable. In order to avoid such complications, the removal of the gastric balloon after 6 months is recommended. If a longer balloon treatment is planned, the balloon must be replaced every 6 months for a new one.

In the first days after a balloon implantation nausea and vomiting, occasionally stomach cramps are possible. If nausea gets worse, it is sometimes necessary to intervene with medication in order to quench nausea and to compensate for the fluid loss caused by the vomiting. A gastric balloon can cause stomach ulcers, which can lead to threatening bleeding or perforation. For prophylaxis is therefore often prescribed an oral gastric protective agent that the patient must take regularly. In rare cases, the colonization of saline in the balloon with bacteria has been observed. If the saline solution in the stomach and intestine empties, feverish diarrhea can be the result. In theory, injury to the esophagus may occur during implantation or removal of a gastric balloon.

What Is A Heart Ablation and How Catheter Ablation Corrects Heart Rhythm

Heart ablation is the term used by cardiac specialists for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in which they deliberately obliterate pathological areas of the heart muscle tissue

Catheter ablation can permanently repair certain forms of cardiac arrhythmias. Beginnings of this treatment method exist since the eighties. Since then, technology has made tremendous progress. Today, numerous cardiology departments perform the procedure.

How does a catheter ablation work?

Understanding the principle of catheter ablation requires some basic knowledge of how the heart works: the heart consists of four heart cavities, two atria and two main chambers. The beating of the heart is generated by electrical impulses that arise at a specific location in the right atrium. From this so-called sinus node, the electrical impulses spread over the atria and the atrioventricular node (AV node) on the heart chambers and cause the contraction of the heart muscle (conduction system see also graph).

If there are additional faulty pathways or sites in the myocardial tissue that trigger further excitement, there will be episodic or persistent irregular heartbeat. This can be treated by the so-called catheter ablation. Depending on the cause of the disease, the doctors either devour the starting point of the additional heart beats or the abnormal pathways.

what-is-a-heart-ablation

When will a catheter ablation be used?

For most forms of cardiac arrhythmia, the doctor will first try to treat them with medication. If this therapy fails, catheter ablation can permanently rid the patient of his symptoms in certain types of arrhythmia:

In Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome), there is a congenital pathway between the atria and the ventricles as a short circuit. About the short-circuit connection, the excitement reach the chambers prematurely. It comes to the attacking tachycardia. After catheter ablation, when the expert obliterates the extra pathway, cardiac arrhythmia has disappeared in over 95 percent of cases.

In AV node reentry tachycardia, the electrical impulses circulate in the AV node. This causes tachycardia. Catheter ablation is the treatment of choice for this common cardiac arrhythmia and is successful in more than 95 percent of cases.

In atrial tachycardia (“atrial tachycardia”), the electrical impulses do not emanate from the sinus node but from other locations in the right atrium. The chances of a successful catheter ablation are slightly lower in atrial tachycardia than in WPW syndrome and AV node reentry tachycardia.

In typical atrial flutter, there is also a circular excitement in the right atrium. As the cardiac arrhythmia can be permanently cured by the catheter ablation in 95 percent of cases, it is clearly superior to the drug therapy.

Atrial fibrillation can be caused by electrical impulses from the pulmonary veins. When atrial fibrillation causes discomfort such as shortness of breath or heart failure, doctors use catheter ablation to electrically isolate the pulmonary veins. As a result, the interfering impulses should no longer reach the forecourts. The procedure lasts several hours. So far, he has been successful in seizure-related atrial fibrillation in about 70 percent of cases. For chronic atrial fibrillation, the success rate is just over 50 percent. Therefore, catheter ablation is only used when medications can not normalize the heart rhythm. Often, the patient must continue to take medication after ablation. In some cases, the catheter ablation needs to be repeated.

Although isolation of the pulmonary veins is not possible, there is still the possibility of AV node ablation. By sclerosing the AV node, the atria and chambers of the heart are completely separated electrically. The patient then needs a pacemaker. Therefore, AV node ablation is only an emergency solution.

How does a catheter ablation work?

Catheter ablation is usually performed as part of an electrophysiological examination (EPU) in the hospital. The standard procedure is radiofrequency ablation. Their principle is that the catheter tip delivers heat to the tissue with pinpoint accuracy. Other ablation procedures work with cold (cryoablation).

The inpatient admission usually takes place the day before the procedure so that the medical history can be recorded, the reconnaissance interview conducted and necessary preliminary examinations can be made.

Catheter ablation is performed like a cardiac catheter or EPU under local anesthesia. The patient is conscious. If necessary, the doctor administers painkillers and sedatives. First, the doctor examines exactly the cardiac arrhythmias and their place of origin in the EPU. Then he sets in the heart tissue on the ablation catheter targeted small scars of a few millimeters, to prevent the emergence or transmission of cardiac arrhythmia. After the sclerotherapy, if necessary, the doctor tests whether the cardiac arrhythmia can still be triggered by electrical impulses.

The duration of the procedure is very variable and can hardly be predicted. It can take two to six hours or, in some cases, even longer. The procedure after the procedure is similar to the follow-up treatment with the EPU: The doctor removes the catheters from the heart. In order to prevent rebleeding, he supplies the puncture site with a pressure dressing, which should remain there for 6 to 12 hours. During this time, the patient must observe strict bed rest so that the dressing does not slip. Mostly he can go back to work after a few days.

What are the risks and side effects of catheter ablation?

In most cases, the procedure is without complications. The complications that can occur with catheter ablation are essentially the same as those of the EPU. The doctor discusses it with the patient in a consultation before the examination.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Stage 4 Lung Cancer

To assist physicians in deciding what type of treatment is more appropriate for lung cancer, there is a recognized numerical staging system that creates benchmarks. At Stage I, the cancer is small and localized in a specific area of ​​the lung. During phases 2 and 3, the cancer grows and spreads to the surrounding tissue and possibly the lymph nodes.

Stage 4 lung cancer is when the cancer has spread, or metastised, from the lungs to other parts of the body. Typically, the cancer spreads to the liver, bones, brain or adrenal glands. This is commonly known as secondary or advanced cancer. About 40% of lung cancer patients are diagnosed at stage 4, mainly because the symptoms of lung cancer could include symptoms of other diseases. In Stage 4, the cancer is not curable, but it can be treated. These are some of the symptoms that may help your doctor to diagnose stage 4 lung cancer.

Breathing problems

Lung cancer patients often present with shortness of breath, wheezing and hoarseness. It is often a persistent cough, and the patient can cough up blood. Sometimes, a chronic cough that the patient may suddenly change for some time may be natural. Because these symptoms may also affect other conditions, they are not sufficient to suggest a diagnosis of lung cancer. However, if a smoker presents with these symptoms, a diagnosis of stage 4 lung cancer is likely to be considered by the doctor.

Pain

Patients may experience pain in various areas of the upper body, including the back, chest, arms, ribs and hips. Deep breathing often intensifies the pain that can be felt in the tissues or bones depending on the spread of the cancer. It can also be pain when swallowing. Some people suffer from frequent headaches, which is an indication that the cancer could be affecting the brain.

Weight Loss

With stage 4 lung cancer, there is often a sudden, unexplained weight loss that is often accompanied by loss of appetite and a general feeling of weakness and fatigue. If this weight loss is significant and you do not have a diet, it should be investigated.

“Clubbing”

The nails on the fingers and toes can bulge, and the ends of the fingers change shape. This symptom usually develops in the latter stages of lung cancer, so it is a good indicator of diagnosis.

stage-4-of-lung-cancer

Diagnosis

The diagnostic process for stage 4 lung cancer is usually some form of imaging, such as computed tomography (CAT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These scans give a detailed picture of the spread of the cancer as X-rays, allowing the doctor to determine the cancerous stage. A radionuclide scan can detect if the cancer has spread to other organs, while a bone scan will show if the bones are affected.

The doctor may also conduct tests to determine if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. This involves removing a tissue sample for testing under general anesthesia. This process is called medias or mediastinotomy, depending on whether the tissue is absorbed by the neck or the chest.

While all these symptoms refer to other conditions, if you experience one or more of them for two weeks or more, you should consult your doctor. Lung cancer is particularly dangerous because it metastises to other parts of the body relatively quickly, making it one of the most life-threatening cancers there is. As with most conditions, the earlier the diagnosis, the more likely that the treatment will succeed. During treatment for stage 4 lung cancer, the condition will not heal, it can prolong life and improve quality of life, so it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible.