Hypothyroidism – a serious thyroid disorder. It runs as well as unnoticed and only after some complications caused by the disease. This can be explained by the fact that the above-mentioned disease affects mainly older women, not systematically a medical examination.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism (myxedema), as has been said, occurs with a decrease in thyroid function. Thyroid hormones affect the increase in energy metabolism, but when enough hormone causes these metabolic disorders and disorders of the internal organs in general.
There is primary and secondary hypothyroidism. Primary hypothyroidism occurs with congenital thyroid abnormalities, it is the result of inflammatory processes, thyroid surgery, and so on. In secondary hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not change, and the pathological processes that affect the thyroid in the departments of the endocrine system.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism: edema appearing, from the gastrointestinal tract – constipation, skin becomes dry, increasing fatigue and drowsiness, becomes sluggish the person. Also, the appearance of the disease can be assessed – the face is swollen, there are bags under the eyes, lips and cheeks become cyanotic hue, the skin becomes dry, cold, and while exfoliating. Shortness of breath and stuffy nose as a result of heavy swelling of the neck. There hair loss. Functions of almost all organs are reduced, deterioration of brain activity, there is a problem of overweight, upset glands.
In the absence of proper treatment, the patient may even fall into a coma – convulsions, consciousness begins to confuse and then complete loss of consciousness and death.
With the right nutrition with hypothyroidism need to limit the intake of carbohydrates and fat, on the contrary, increase the number of protein foods as well as vitamins and minerals.
We must try to eliminate the intake of sweet and starchy foods, especially bake. We need to force ourselves to use nutrition that serves as a source of cholesterol, products of animal origin such as animal fats, fatty meat, and fish, brain, fish eggs, offal, butter, sour cream. Because fat is required to limit the intake of animal fat only and as vegetable fats, they are beneficial to the body, and some, like olive oil, help reduce cholesterol levels.
Do not have hunger to stay because it is necessary to increase the intake of foods rich in fiber, which contain complex carbohydrates. Why complex carbohydrates? Because they are absorbed very slowly and are therefore more guaranteed energy source for the body, and vegetable fiber has the property of completely breaking down in the intestine and in view of the very high quality cleanses the digestive tract. These products, such as vegetables, fruits and a variety of cereals, being the most useful buckwheat.
To reduce swelling of hypothyroid patients it is recommended to limit themselves to fluid intake and salt because salt has the property to keep the fluid in the body.
It is very typical for patients with thyroid constipation and to deal with them are very effective dairy products: kefir, yogurt, varenets, etc. D., and dried fruits. Plums, dried apricots, figs, dates. It is also very useful for cleaning the digestive tract soki- fresh turnips, carrots, apple.
To improve the metabolism in patients with hypothyroidism diet must include, in addition to these products, also quark, lean meat, and fish, that is, products that serve as a source of protein, vitamins and mineral salts.
If a patient has incurred hypothyroidism weight, in this case, it is necessary to adopt a diet №8, which has a lower performance – 1800 kcal. 600 kcal, but in this case is the required control of the doctor and, as a rule, such a diet is only used in hospitals – in the most difficult cases, the energy value may already be 1200. These diets consist primarily of the same products mentioned above, that is, products that can provide the body with protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
The main treatment for hypothyroidism – medical, consisting of replacement therapy of thyroid hormones. But in the complex him the right diet is undoubtedly a positive result in fighting this disease and significantly improve the condition of the patient.