The amount of energy a person spends during the day depends on the processes of glucose oxidation in the body. The normal adult content varies between 3.2 and 5.5 mmol / l. Highly elevated blood glucose levels indicate serious disturbances in metabolic processes, possible onset of development of endocrine diseases, pathologies of the digestive system.
The causes of permanently and temporarily elevated blood glucose levels
The main factor causes an increase in sugar concentration in the body – malnutrition. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, presence in the products of harmful chemical additives, and addiction to “heavy” foods lead to the development of comorbidities:
- Diabetes mellitus;
- acute and chronic pancreatitis;
- Pathology of the kidneys, liver;
- Thyroid disease;
- Disorders of the endocrine system.
Also, a temporary increase in glucose concentration can trigger certain medications, stress, alcohol, and other toxic substances.
Signs of high blood sugar levels
Characteristic symptoms of the described condition:
- Dry mouth;
- frequent and abundant urination;
- Worsening the ability of the skin to heal;
- frequent headache;
- Reduction of visual acuity;
- Increased fatigue;
- Presence of boils, purulent pimples;
- insufficient activity of the immune system
If at least 1-2 of these symptoms appear, you should see a doctor.
What to do if blood sugar is increased?
General recommendations for high sugar levels are the proper organization of a diet with restriction of carbohydrate consumption, refusal of bad habits, time allocation for physical activity.
If it has been discovered diseases, accompanied by an increase in the amount of glucose in the blood, you should treat them.
Micronutrient Therapy For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
The figures published by the IDF (International Diabetes Federation) at the end of 2006 speak for themselves: instead of the previously estimated 30 million, 246 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes.
Scientists forecast a diabetic share of 12 percent for Germany by the year 2010. The question is, who should and can still pay for it? Already today, the treatment and follow-up cost amount to up to 27 billion euros, according to the German Diabetic Confederation.
Almost all of us could easily prevent this “widespread disease”: weight reduction, sufficient physical activity, healthy food rich in vital substances with a low glycemic index – preferably vegetarian. In addition, a good micronutrient supply has a very high priority: both in the prevention and in existing insulin resistance and even more so in diagnosed diabetes mellitus type 2.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 has numerous threatening consequences, which can be prevented or at least mitigated with sufficient availability of micronutrients. In addition, diabetics have found a greater need for micronutrients and simultaneously lower blood levels.
In diabetics, the formation of free radicals is particularly pronounced. This is also evident in the sequelae, which can take a very dramatic course:
Nervous dysfunction, kidney disease, visual disturbances (cataracts) are not uncommon; at worst, blindness or amputations of the limbs may occur. Pathological changes in the blood vessels (micro-and macroangiopathy) can be the trigger for stroke and heart attack.
A preventive and good supply of antioxidant agents such as vitamin C, E, selenium, zinc, cysteine, coenzyme Q10, glutathione, and other vital substances can counteract these secondary diseases.
Not only do micronutrients have the function of protecting against free radicals, they also help the diabetic to keep his blood vessels elastic, intact, and functional. Here is the amino acid arginine to mention. It causes dilation of the blood vessels and has a hypotensive effect.
Bringing blood sugar regulation back into balance is the key to existing insulin resistance. Orthomolecular medicine can be an important element in achieving this goal: Chromium and biotin are able to positively influence glucose metabolism; also deficiencies of zinc, copper, and manganese are associated with glucose intolerance.
In summary, orthomolecular medicine in diabetes mellitus is a useful therapeutic approach and can make a significant contribution to relieving the symptoms. The sooner, the better and more effective.