Many of us have papaya, useful properties, but not everybody knows it. Today we will talk more about overseas guests who are happy for each table.

Papaya – this is not the tallest tree, reaches a height of about 5-10 meters, thin trunk, deprived of twigs, the leaves are large, about 50 centimeters in diameter, are only in the top of the plant. The bark of the tree, made of thick-walled fibers strong, very strong, so that a rope consists of it. Papaya fruits oval, 30 cm long, in shape and taste very similar to the melon, it is called melon tree. Ripe papaya fruit is soft golden yellow color. The life of the tree is about 20 years, it begins to bear fruit in the first year and to the end of its life. Papaya is one of the most important fruit plants in the tropics. The fruits are used in their diet more than one million people.

The main application of papaya – is the use of its fruit as food. It’s eaten raw, and that stewed. Also, papaya fruits baked in the fire. However, they give off a smell of bread, as well as papaya and bread tree. Papaya fruits contain vitamins C, B1, B2, B5, and D; Minerals: potassium, calcium, chlorine, zinc, magnesium, iron; Carbohydrates: fructose and glucose. Of particular value is the fruit of the plant enzyme – papain. Papain promotes lipolysis and strength and also cleaves proteins in the human stomach. Therefore, the papaya is mainly used as a food product that helps digestion.

In folk medicine uses papaya juice, it contains an enzyme, regeneration of the connective tissue of the intervertebral discs, so that it is used in osteochondrosis. Also, papaya juice is used as a remedy for worms. The milky juice from unripe fruits, while drying, the drugs received papain. It’s used in the treatment of various diseases of the stomach. But it should be noted that the milky sap of the unripe fruit is highly toxic, is white, and when ripe it becomes watery and loses its toxic properties. The juice of papaya is used in the kitchen when cooking meat, as it is able to soften the meat is very stiff. And if the old beef wrapped in papaya leaves for a few hours, then it will be soft and easy. Also for softening meat while preparing hotter is added papaya pieces.

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Papaya fruit eats vitamins A, B, D because of its high content, normalizes the liver, stomach acid and normalizes blood sugar. Papaya promotes a rapid recovery of the body after the transmitted diseases. Especially recommended to include in your diet papaya elder. Made from papaya tablets for the treatment of herpes. It is believed that regular use of the papaya helps to protect the body from cancer. Papain obtained from the milk juice is used in the treatment of thrombosis. Externally, it is used for the rapid healing of burns, wounds, bedsores. It helps cleanse the wound of the necrotic masses. Creams containing papain are used in dentistry. It is used for the treatment of tooth decay and other diseases of the oral cavity. In addition to the medical uses papaya and cosmetics.

Widespread use has been obtained from the seeds of the fruit papaya oil. The oil contains large amounts of vitamin A and C, and rich in potassium. It is used for muscle building and skin hydration, whereby the oil penetrates easily into the skin. Most oil papaya is used for oily and problematic skin as it helps in reducing sebum production. Oil acts as an antibiotic, so it can be applied to injured skin. More oil is used in hair care because it gives shine on hair care properties. In addition to the papaya enzyme in the papaya enzyme papain used oil. Apply ointments and creams containing papain, freckles, age spots to remove. Papain weakens ingrown hair and prevents the growth of new hair as it promotes the destruction of keratin. Therefore, papain will be used to remove unwanted body hair. Use papaya juice carefully because it can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions. As folk medicine in India, women used immature papaya as a contraceptive.

The food industry also uses papaya, more papain. It is used for the clarification of wine, as well as to give the young wine tasting aged old wine to add to the taste of the cheese, for juices, sweets etc.

When buying fruit, be advised that the peel of the papaya fruit is green with a yellow tint. The fruit should be soft, regular in shape, with no pungent odor. Ripe fruits stored in the refrigerator for about a week at room temperature not more than two days. Papaya fruits are not suitable for freezing. Here is one he, papaya fruits, useful properties that are so important to each one of us.

Diabetes mellitus now affects more people than ever, with nearly one in ten Americans suffering from it, and the number of diabetics in developing countries is growing rapidly. And while treatments are constantly improving as research progresses, the currently available therapeutic options are far from ideal. But a major breakthrough in diabetes research recently reported by a group of scientists in the journal Cell Phone offers a new hope for radically new and improved ways to combat this disease.

The research team at Harvard led by Douglas Melton focused on the pancreatic beta cells that are responsible for the production of insulin. In type I diabetes, these cells are gradually destroyed by the body’s immune system and in type II diabetes, but at some point begin to fail as the disease progresses, making them a prime target for possible new therapeutic approaches for diabetes. In healthy people, beta cells usually divide at a rather sluggish rate, with the total remaining more or less constant. But it has been known for some time that under certain conditions, such as pregnancy, they can multiply much faster. The aim of the scientists was what exactly triggers this proliferation, and whether this will then be used to increase their numbers for therapeutic purposes.

Working with mice as model animals, she first devised a way to replicate her body’s perception as if insulin lacked what they hoped would replicate the beta cells faster. They did this by using an injection of insulin receptor antagonist, which prevents the insulin binding to its receptors in different tissues, effectively blocking its action. The effect of this blockade turned out exactly as they had hoped: when mice were given the insulin antagonist, their beta cells responded rapidly by dividing faster and more numerous.

Once the beta cells were awakened in division faster, the scientists were able to investigate what mechanism lay behind this effect. First, they quickly ruled out the possibility that the insulin antagonist acted directly on the beta cells. This could then only mean that another substance released to other tissues and acting on the beta cells in the pancreas – a description incorporating a hormone – had to be responsible. How many hormones are peptides and thus encoded by specific genes, then researchers decided how the administration of insulin antagonists affects gene expression in different tissues. In particular, a gene caught their attention because its expression in liver cells greatly increased in response to insulin receptor blockade. Furthermore, this gene had some properties that it encodes for a peptide secreted from the cells, as suggested for a hormone. They called the gene and its product betatrophin, which comes from the Greek and translates into about ‘beta nutritious.’ Importantly, humans also possess a betatrophin gene and the hormone is also produced in the human liver.

New-Hormones-Can-Revolutionize-Diabetes-Treatment

The last step was to show that they really found the right substance. Instead of trying to isolate betatrophin or somehow produce and inject it into the mice, additional copies of the gene are inserted betatrophin them into the liver cells, thereby significantly increasing the production of the hormone. The beta cell response was fast and vigorous: once betatrophin production started in the liver, its proliferation rate increased by more than 30-fold! As a result, the pancreas of the mice was elevated in betatrophin able to produce larger amounts of insulin, to the point that the glucose tolerance was even better than that of healthy mice.

Extrapolating these results to humans, it is not difficult to imagine what this means for diabetics. Injecting betatrophin once a week, for example, would increase the proliferation of their ailing beta cells, increasing insulin production and ensuring natural glycemic control – which is far better than having to rely on insulin injections.

Of course, it is far too early to celebrate a new revolution in diabetes therapy. It remains to be seen if the results in mice are also reproduced in humans; It has happened before that results that very promising mice could be replicated in human clinical trials are being sought. We thus have to wait for further studies, and until scientists are able to produce enough to try it in betatrophin humans, we can not be sure what to really expect.

But the discovery of a new hormone that can increase the proliferation of insulin-producing cells is still exciting news. Because even if the further research ultimately proves disappointing, or shows that the real story behind betatrophin is more complicated than it looks now, there will still be a radically new leadership in the search for better treatments for diabetes – and with it the hope for a healthier and longer life for the billions of diabetics worldwide.

Known as Ginkgo biloba ginkgo or its scientific name for which we have a hugely popular shrub in many Asian countries where it has a leading position in traditional medicine. It is a tree in China and Japan and has more than 200 million years old. It is also known by the curious name of the tree forty or shields as a tree of pagodas.

Anyway, its name derives from the Chinese word yah-chio which means just because of the strange shape “duck go” to present the leaves of this tree very much reminiscent of the appearance represented by the leg of the animal. Later in Japanese word, this name became “ginkgo” And eventually “Yin Kuo” which means “golden apricot”. It is scientifically known as Ginkgo biloba L. and belongs to the Ginkgoaceae family.

There is no doubt that we are facing a very strong tree. And it is that the only survivor, apart from the fact that geologically absolutely all climatic changes, as occurred on Earth, appears to have resisted the various most serious contaminants of the twentieth century.

The Benefits Of Ginkgo Biloba

Good for the circulation

The action of this tree seems to be directly related to the synergies between the various compounds, is particularly effective in alleviating circulatory disorders, since it is known that the active ingredients expand veins, arteries, and capillaries and improve microcirculation and the viscoelasticity of the blood, which prevents the formation of blood clots. Therefore, it will be an excellent preventive against the formation of blood clots.

This quality is found by the presence of flavonoids, which exert an effect on the vasodilatation different walls of both arteries and capillaries. In turn, platelets also prevent sedimentation in the interior of blood vessels.

The ginkgo is ideal for poor circulation in the legs, which can cause excessive fatigue and pain. In fact, some studies have found that a regular basis for this treatment facility in relieving circulatory disease is useful primarily to affect the legs.

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Relieves tired legs

Poor blood circulation in the legs affects the appearance of annoying and uncomfortable tiredness, which is usually known by the name of tired legs. In this sense, ginkgo extract is useful for relieving tired legs due to poor circulation.

Excellent for memory and learning

In addition, studies have shown that ginkgo has a positive effect on the forces of learning and memory, increasing cerebral blood flow and oxygen and important nutrients. Therefore, it is very useful to improve behavior and improve learning.

We recommend that you read: How to feed your memory?

In addition, it is particularly recommended for the treatment of memory impairment and impairment of cognitive functions (in the context of aging). This quality is found by the presence of a component known as bilobalide, and which acts as cerebral protection against senile dementia.

It reduces the discomfort of the PMS

If you suffer from premenstrual syndrome every month, opt for Ginkgo biloba as a natural treatment. And it is that positive by acting as a vasodilator in helping to reduce menstrual cramps.

Relieves depression in the elderly

It is common for many older people to suffer from depression as a result of poor circulation in the brain. Because ginkgo particularly improves blood circulation in some parts of the brain, increased blood supply to the cells that occur in this important and vital organ of our body improve depressive processes.

In short: properties of ginkgo

  • Recommended memory issues during treatment.
  • Useful in the treatment of disorders of cognitive functions.
  • Positive effect on learning and memory.
  • Relieves circulatory disorders.
  • Extends the veins, arteries, and capillaries.
  • Improves both the microcirculation and viscoelasticity of blood.
  • Prevents clot formation.

To consider contraindications of ginkgo

Ginkgo, like any other medicinal herb, has a number of contraindications that should always be considered before consumption. The most important are:

  • Consumption of blood thinning drugs: Since the ginkgo has a vasodilator, its consumption is not recommended for people receiving medical treatment based on anticoagulants.
  • Pregnancy and lactation: Consumption during pregnancy can lead to premature birth or heavy bleeding during childbirth. On the other hand, it is not recommended during breastfeeding because they have not proven their safety.
  • Before the operation: just because of its vasodilator effect, not consumption is recommended when surgery is due.

How to take ginkgo?

You can take ginkgo capsules or drops. Both products are given to herbalists and nutrition shops. Yes, it is advisable to follow the doses given on the packaging, as increased consumption of the recommended amounts may cause nervousness, vomiting, diarrhea and sleep disturbances.

In addition, it is common for Ginkgo biloba to cause headaches in the first few days after treatment. However, these symptoms tend to disappear gradually.

During an endoscopy, the doctor inserts a probe and optics into a body cavity. Depending on the region, for example, there are lung, stomach, intestinal or abdominal reflections.

Endoscopes are rigid or flexible depending on the cavity

Depending on the body region, either rigid probes or flexible tubes are suitable as endoscopes. The optics at the top can in the simplest case consist of a mirror as in the indirect laryngoscope reflection. Often these days, however, these are high-quality miniature cameras that transmit the image to a monitor in real time during the procedure.

There are types of endoscopy in which the doctor introduces the endoscope through a natural body opening: he can control the larynx, lungs, and stomach via the nose or mouth, the large intestine via the anal opening, the bladder via the urethra. Other types of endoscopy require small cuts in the skin to reach the area. Examples include joints or the abdominal cavity.

Interventions by endoscopic tools possible

An endoscopy is not only for the examination, but the doctors can also perform interventions: In tube-like endoscopes, they introduce tools such as pliers and milling directly through the tube. In the context of joint reflections and laparoscopy, the doctor creates a skin incision second or third access, in order to use his tools effectively. Physicians can use a bronchoscope to flush the lungs, a so-called bronchial lavage, and then aspirate the liquid used again.

The procedures in detail:

  1. Laryngoscopy (laryngoscopy)

The doctors distinguish between indirect and direct laryngoscopy. In indirect laryngoscopy, the doctor holds a small mirror and style in the pharynx while the patient is awake. In this way, he can look at the vocal folds. The direct laryngoscopy, the doctor can perform only in an unconscious or anesthetized patient. Depending on the project, he uses either intubation or a surgical laryngoscope. The spatula-shaped intubation laryngoscope is used for the correct placement of a breathing tube. With the tubular surgery laryngoscope, the doctor performs interventions on the larynx.

  1. Lung reflection (bronchoscopy)

If x-ray and computed tomography of the lungs do not provide sufficient information, pulmonary mirroring is a possible diagnostic method. It also plays a role in the treatment, for example, to extract viscous mucus. During lung reflection, the doctor inserts the endoscope over his nose or mouth. This endoscope consists of a soft, flexible tube with two to six millimeters in diameter. At the top of the hose sits a camera with the light source.

  1. Gastroscopy (gastroscopy or esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy)

A gastroscopy is a method of examination, with the help of which complaints of the esophagus (esophagus), the stomach (Gaster) and the duodenum (duodenum) can be clarified. The gastroscope used in this case is an optical device in the form of a flexible plastic tube. In addition to the camera and the light source, the hose also has additional working channels. Using these channels, for example, the doctor can take tissue samples with pliers, so-called biopsies. He can also spray on the gastroscope dyes on the mucous membranes to make changes more visible. If the doctor also injects contrast medium from the duodenum into the bile ducts and the pancreatic duct and then makes an X-ray, the procedure is called ERCP. This abbreviation stands for Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography).

  1. Laparoscopy

During the laparoscopy, the doctor inserts a tubular endoscope into the abdominal or pelvic cavity through the abdominal wall to assess the internal organs. In addition to the diagnosis, laparoscopic surgery is also possible in the same procedure. In contrast to an open surgery on the abdomen, the so-called laparotomy, only a few small incisions are necessary for procedures with the laparoscope. Through these small cuts, the doctor can bring both the endoscope and the surgical equipment in the abdominal cavity. Because of the small access, one also speaks of keyhole surgery.

  1. Small intestinal reflection (capsule endoscopy)

The small intestine is difficult to reach by tube. Therefore, there is a special form of endoscopy with the help of a camera capsule. This capsule is only about 2.5 inches long and has a diameter of just over one centimeter. The patient ingests the capsule, which then passes naturally through the gastrointestinal tract. Meanwhile, she sparks photos outside. These images record a receiver worn by the patient during the examination. The patient can, therefore, move freely during the examination. Subsequently, a trained doctor evaluates the automatically recorded images. Capsule endoscopy is used primarily when it comes to the question of bleeding in the small intestine or chronic inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease).

  1. Colonoscopy (colonoscopy)

A colonoscopy reveals various diseases on the colon (colon) and at the end of the small intestine (terminal ileum). In addition, it is a very reliable method to detect colon cancer and its precursors. The precursors are benign mucosal growths and are called polyps. The doctor can also remove these polyps by means of colonoscopy. To prepare for the exam, the patient

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking addiction are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of the imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply, therefore, brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

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The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

  • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
  • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
  • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet, the risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to a nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Everyone knows them and many have them – there is talk of a headache. Maybe right now when you’re reading, you’re literally blaring your skull. Or a slight pressure is spreading in the head that is uncomfortable and painful. The response of most sufferers is similar – they resort to known painkillers. However, this quick grip on medicines is not always your best bet. Why? The physicians distinguish several headache types – up to 200.

The reason for this large number is different distinguishing features or causes and symptoms of specific headache types. For example, headaches can be triggered by external stimuli, have a purely biological cause, are associated with illness or can also be caused by the intake of medication. Fact: Headache is not the same as headache.

Chronic or acute – when headaches torment us

You have probably also suffered from headaches over the past 12 months. This puts you in good company. According to a study, about 60 percent of the population in Germany suffer from headaches on a 12-month average. Women are much more affected. While the frequency varied between 50 and 55 percent in the male participants, it reached values between 65 percent and 70 percent among the female study participants. Particularly severe are the headache limitations for about five percent of the German population – suffering from a daily headache.

What are headaches but actually? In general, it is understood as meaning a pain sensation in the area of the skull, the meninges, the blood vessels as well as the brain and upper spinal nerves. Depending on the cause, it is referred to as a primary headache when the pain is the trigger of the condition. A secondary headache, on the other hand, is when the pain is caused by a disease or an organ condition (such as tumors).

And also with regard to appearance, the individual headache types differ. In some cases, they only appear acutely. Patients complain of discomfort for only a few hours to a few days. In contrast, a headache disorder can also occur chronically. Where exactly the dividing line lies differs from headache disease to headache disease. In a migraine and tension-type headache – the two most common clinical pictures – medics speak of chronic disease when the pain occurs on 15 days per month over a longer period (in tension-type headache over six months).

The different types of headache

Since headaches can be classified according to their origin in primary and secondary headache as well as the type of pain, a precise representation of the individual headache types is difficult. The most common and common types include tension-type headache and migraine. While the latter is described with recurrent attacks of pain, which may be accompanied by a pulsating and hemiplegic headache as well as photophobia, nausea, and vomiting, the tension-type headache is described as pulling-pushing and without the migraine-typical accompanying symptoms.

The so-called cluster headache (also known as Bing-Horton neuralgia) has repeatedly appeared in the media and medical literature over the past few years. Unlike the widespread tension-type headache, which manifests itself bilaterally, in the case of boring cluster headache, strong preference is given to one side of the head (in the area of the eye/temple). Patients also report extreme pain, which can begin shortly after falling asleep, in the morning or at lunchtime. Although the exact cause of a cluster headache is unclear, studies suggest hypothalamic involvement and activation of the trigeminal nerve. The latter is involved in a whole group of headaches – trigemino-autonomic headache disorders, which include not only cluster headaches but also SUNCT syndrome and paroxysmal hemicrania. Here is an overview of the most important headache types:

  • Tension headaches
  • Migraine
  • Cluster headache

Overview-Of-Headache-Types

In addition, modern medicine knows other types of headaches, such as:

  • Sexual headache (occurs more frequently in men during sexual intercourse)
  • Headache associated with the cervical spine
  • Headache

Teflon-coated cookware now looks back on an approximately 50-year-old kitchen history. As for cooking professionals, chefs and foodservice professionals, in particular, appreciate the practical pot and pan coating, as it makes burnt and glued food almost impossible. What’s more, Teflon makes it easier to clean – a definite advantage in a profession where there is a lot of dirt and high time pressure when preparing different foods. Despite all the positive benefits, however, the possible health problems that may possibly arise from Teflon coatings are often hotly debated. The circumstances that cause these health concerns are discussed in more detail below.

Long-lasting pollutants and their health effects

The term Teflon per se in chemistry refers to the plastic polymer polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which consists of fluorine and carbon. In particular, the commercial name was registered by DuPont, a US chemical company founded in 1802 as an explosives company. Throughout the history of the company, DuPont has been involved in other areas of chemical, energy and material production and is now one of the largest chemical companies in the world. From agriculture, nutrition, health, electronics and textiles to the construction industry, DuPont products are now to be found in all areas – including in the gastronomy sector. However, it is also the success story based on chemical manufacturing that is calling for Teflon’s health and environmental protection organizations. And rightly so, because Teflon is one of the so-called fluoropolymers, a special group of chemical compounds for whose industrial production perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is needed.

Synthetically produced perfluorooctanoic acid is one of the perfluorinated surfactants (PFTs), a range of long-lasting organic pollutants that can not be broken down by nature. They are used in chemistry-based industries in all kinds of fields, such as in

  • The photographic and paper industry (production of dirt and water repellent surfaces)
  • Electroplating (metal processing)
  • Aeronautical Engineering (Object Coatings)
  • The textile industry (production of outdoor clothing)

However, the versatility of perfluorooctanoic acid often misleads the danger that surfactants have for years been in dire suspicion of being harmful to health. Already in 2006 allegations were made by Greenpeace, which pointed to the health risks of the substances. For their study “Beware of chips: hot, greasy and poisonous”, the organization examined French fries from several German cities and found in all samples questionable residues of dangerous surfactants, which are said to damage long-term genetic material, as well as carcinogenic properties. In the same year, Greenpeace also drew attention to the dangerously high PFT content of the Bavarian river Alz, which is heavily polluted with chemicals due to wastewater from the nearby Gendorf industrial park. Even the Federal Environment Agency could not completely exclude the genotoxic and biotoxic dangers of PFT in its opinion at that time, which proves that perfluorinated substances, as they are also found in Teflon, literally with caution.

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What scratched the image of the Teflon pan

What makes Teflon-containing polytetrafluoroethylene so dangerous for consumers is primarily the high cooking temperatures. The result is based on researchers from the Environmental Working Group (EWG) who, contrary to statements by DuPont, discovered that the polymeric coating cannot easily withstand temperatures up to 260 ° C without toxic fumes. In fact, the Teflon separated toxic particles from a constant heat input of 237 ° C and took no more than two to five minutes for this reaction. What this emanation of the cookware can do is extremely alarming:

  • Organ damage in humans and animals:

Since the toxins contained in Teflon cannot be broken down by nature and the body, they permanently deposit in the organs and cause a creeping poisoning of the entire organism. The toxic effect can increase the risk of tumor formation in animals as well as in humans, adversely affect thyroid function or damage the immune system and the reproductive organs.

  • the increased mortality rate in animals:

In particular, ornamental birds kept indoors, such as canaries, are the first to feel the health risk posed by PTFE vapors. Since their sensitive organism, especially the respiratory system, are extremely sensitive to pollutants, a PTFE poisoning can have deadly consequences for the feathered friends within a very short time. Similar effects have been observed by Greenpeace on fish stocks in Alz.

  • Malformations in newborns:

Similar to radioactive radiation, it has been proven that PTFE also has a very dangerous effect on the genetic material. However, a 1981 in-house study that found that children of DuPont employees who came into contact with perfluorooctanoic acid, an increased malformation rate had, but was concealed by the Group.

A toxic conclusion

Given all these risks and the fact that in America already 95% of the population carry high levels of PTFE in their blood, Teflon coated cookware does not really seem to be the best choice. Therefore, put your own and your children’s health in front of the uncomplicated cooking and resort to traditional pans and pots. If you

Introduction

Blood pressure is the measurement of the power of your blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Their blood vessels are the arteries, veins, and capillaries. Blood pressure is an important concept as it helps to drive up the oxygen and nutrients that your body needs to survive throughout your system. Unfortunately, when the blood pressure becomes too high, it can potentially damage the blood vessels. Two substances that can contribute to higher blood pressure, if not used in moderation, are alcohol and caffeine.

Alcohol

According to the American Heart Association, drinking alcohol in moderation can potentially have a positive effect on your heart. However, “in moderation” means only one or two drinks a day for men and only one drink a day for women. Once you start consuming more than these, your blood pressure can begin to be adversely affected. Alcohol first does this by disrupting blood flow to the heart by removing nutrient-rich blood from the heart. Alcohol is also high in calories, resulting in obesity, which in turn also raises blood pressure levels. According to the Mayo Clinic, if you are currently taking antihypertensive medication, alcohol can interfere with their ability to work, putting you at an even higher risk of dangerously high blood pressure.

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Caffeine

Caffeine can also be beneficial in moderation. According to men’s health, caffeine can help actively activate dopamine molecules and can also help fight off Alzheimer’s. But just like alcohol, when not used in moderation, caffeine can also have harmful effects on your blood pressure. Caffeine affects the blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels. It does this by binding with adenosine receptors in the body, which blocks the possibility of properly functioning adenosine. Adenosine is a hormone that is partially responsible for helping keep blood vessels far enough for blood to pass through easily. Caffeine also stimulates the release of adrenaline and adrenal cortisol. One of the side effects of releasing these chemicals into the bloodstream is an increase in blood pressure.

If a clot clogs a vessel in the brain, it often has serious consequences for the patient. But the risks for a stroke can be influenced. What role do blood pressure, diet and exercise play? Sport can positively influence risk factors for stroke, for example, prevent high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.

It’s raining. Instead of the Alps in the Upper Bavarian Aschau all around today, only cloud mountains can be seen. No weather for a walk. Therese Schmid (66) is still on the way. “It can not always be the sun,” she says. Twice a week, she and her husband travel the distance from their home to the school. Not to learn, but because they are taking part in a study.

“Pressure down, activity up!” is the name of the prevention project in which older citizens from the village accompany children on their way to school. “Above all, we are interested in whether something can be done to combat high blood pressure – the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke,” says the prevention researcher. Birgit Böhm from the Technical University of Munich, who supervises the project.

The lifestyle plays an important role

Stroke is one of the biggest threats to health in Germany. Every year, it affects around 270,000 people. The circulatory disorder of the brain usually occurs when a vessel in the head is narrowed or closed. Rarer is a brain hemorrhage behind it. For those affected, the consequences are often dramatic. No other event is responsible for so many cases of disability. The acute treatment of stroke has made progress in recent years. Even more important is prevention.

“The studies clearly show that many risk factors can be well influenced by the individual lifestyle,” says Professor Bernhard Krämer, CEO of the German Society for Hypertension and Prevention. Which factors are, researchers examined the data from more than 13 000 stroke patients from 32 countries. The result of this so-called interstroke analysis: Nine out of ten attacks are directly or indirectly related to the lifestyle. Most would be avoidable.

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Prevention clarifies the risk factors of a stroke

Number one in the risk ranking is hypertension. The affected person is not always aware of this. Expert Krämer explains to patients that hypertension can damage the blood vessels throughout the body – including those in the brain. However, if you go against him, the stroke risk drops. “Ideally, patients with exercise, weight reduction, and a low-salt diet can bring about a significant improvement,” says Krämer. However, antihypertensive drugs are also often included.

When developing a stroke, various risk factors are closely linked. Lack of exercise, for example, also contributes to obesity. Both, in turn, promote diabetes and bad lipid levels – further risk factors for an attack. These connections are also in the Aschauer prevention project. Scientist Böhm works closely with a local pharmacy. “We advise people who have cardiovascular diseases here every day, so a healthy lifestyle and preventive care are very important to us,” says pharmacist Claudia Zangerl.

Together with Böhm, she organized two action days around the topic of cardiovascular health. Most of the study participants were found. “The willingness to talk about one’s own health is very high in the pharmacy, which is why prevention is in good hands there,” explains Böhm. Four times over the course of one and a half years, study participants are examined and their blood pressure is measured. Everyone gets an activity tracker that counts every step and monitors the heart rate. At least 10,000 steps a day, the subjects should go. Whether the values can be lowered – as hoped – will be demonstrated in the coming year.

These measures reduce the risk of stroke

  • Lower your blood pressure, For experts the most important step. Good values can reduce the risk by up to 40 percent.
  • Stop smoking, Every fifth attack could be avoided if patients overcome their nicotine addiction.
  • Eat healthy and balanced, Lots of vegetables, fruits, and fish, little salt – that protects the vessels. Another tip: drink little or no alcohol
  • Move enough, This benefits the cardiovascular system. In addition, the risk of hypertension, obesity and metabolic diseases decreases.

Risk factor atrial fibrillation: Listen to the heartbeat

But not all risk factors are as effective as hypertension. For example, atrial fibrillation also increases the risk. However, this widespread cardiac arrhythmia is often not discovered. “Cardiologists often do not see such patients until they have the first stroke,” says Dr. Philipp Sommer from the Heart Center Leipzig. When atrial fibrillation, the heart gets out of rhythm, it beats rhythmically and often clearly too fast. About 15 percent of all attacks are caused by it.

“Due to the irregular pumping activity, blood clots form in the heart, which in turn can block vessels in the brain,” explains expert Sommer. For a previous diagnosis, it would be important for people over 65 to “listen to their heart” more often. Because many sufferers feel the atrial fibrillation as a somewhat irregular, faster heartbeat. “You can then feel the pulse on your wrist and have any irregularities clarified,” explains Sommer. Sphygmomanometers also sometimes help to detect rhythm problems. “If the arrhythmia