Anyone who suffers from a lung disease, who once smoked or who had to passively smoke, should select his food targeted. Because with a certain diet, lung health can be very well influenced. It provides the nutrients and nutrients that help the lungs cleanse and regenerate. At the same time, a lung-friendly diet is free of components that could damage the lungs or hinder their recovery. The daily drink for lung cleansing is an important component in a lung-friendly diet.

The daily drink for healthy lungs

Numerous environmental impacts make the lungs, but also the usual bad habits, especially smoking and passive smoking. Medical advances have not led to any changes in the area of lung diseases. The situation is no different today than it was a hundred years ago.

Of course, a corresponding genetic predisposition or living conditions in childhood contribute to the development of lung diseases. However, your own way of life and diet also significantly affects the condition of your lungs.

The healthier you feed, the better your lungs are, the better they can protect themselves from harmful influences and the better they can recover and recover. Support your body so it can break down diseased lung tissue and build healthy lung tissue!

We present a drink that is presented on the net as a “drink for lung cleansing”. It is an excellent introduction to a healthy diet and can be drunk daily. Of course, this drink not only benefits the lungs but – as usual in naturopathic measures – the entire organism.

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Three main ingredients

The three main ingredients of the lung cleansing drink are turmeric, ginger, and onions. All three have outstanding properties and are extremely positive for both lung health and general health. Each of the three foods is a healthy gain in itself. However, if they are combined with each other, their effect seems to multiply especially for the lungs.

  • Turmeric

Turmeric has long since become a kind of all-around agent. There is hardly a health problem that turmeric would not have a positive effect on. The radiant yellow root of the Southeast Asian region has such numerous health benefits that the enumeration of its characteristics would fill the book. For example, it has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, detoxifying, digestive, blood-thinning, cholesterol-lowering, antiviral, antibacterial and anti-cancer effects. Of course, most of these properties also greatly improve lung health.

Even with the treatment of tuberculosis – a bacterial lung disease – turmeric or curcumin can be helpful. The yellow substance activates the body’s defense so well that the causative bacteria can be fought faster.

  • Ginger

Ginger is usually taken with a nervous stomach, as it protects the stomach lining, fights nausea and can prevent stomach ulcers. In addition, the ginger has a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Especially the lungs are daily exposed to a continuous rush of harmful substances from the breathing air. The ginger can counteract the resulting free radicals and inflammatory processes.

Its sharpness also helps with the elimination of mucus and pollutants from the lungs. Since it has a relaxing effect on the bronchial muscles, it is also a helpful measure of asthma.

  • Onions

The specific plant substances of onions (eg quercetin) have such a positive effect on lung health that in the English-speaking world it means “on onion a day preservation cancer away” – one onion per day keeps lung cancer away.

A study by the University of Hawaii found that more than 1000 people (half were healthy, the other half suffering from lung cancer), that although smoking was the main reason for the development of lung cancer, but also the increased consumption of onions (also of grapefruit and apples) could protect against lung cancer. The more onions a person had in their diet, the less likely they were to be found among the lung cancer patients. Already 20gr of onions per day halved the lung cancer risk.

The Recipe

In addition to the three main ingredients mentioned, you only need water and a sweetener of your choice for the lung cleansing drink. First, make a kind of syrup, which is stored in the refrigerator. Of these, take now twice daily two tablespoons, preferably two hours before or after a meal, for. B. in the morning and in the evening.

Ingredients:

  • 2 tbsp turmeric powder or 2.5 tbsp freshly grated turmeric root
  • 400 g of onions chopped
  • 1 thumb-sized piece of ginger grated
  • 400 g honey, maple syrup, molasses, yacon syrup, rice syrup or similar
  • 1 liter of water

Note: Since some active ingredients – especially turmeric – are fat-soluble, we recommend adding 1 tbsp of coconut oil to the mixture (or another oil of your choice). Even pepper should the bioavailability of z. For example, add curcumin (a turmeric ingredient) so that you can add ¼ tsp of black pepper. The original recipe of the drink, however, does without these two ingredients.

Preparation:

  • Stir the honey or syrup into the water and let it boil.
  • Put the ginger and onions in the boiling water
  • Add turmeric (as well as fat and pepper) and reduce heat to medium.
  • Simmer the mixture until it has shrunk by half in volume.
  • Pour the mixture through a fine sieve into a sealable glass jar and allow to cool to room temperature.
  • Put your lung cleansing drink, which now looks more like a syrup, in the fridge.

Other forms of application are possible

The recipe for the lung cleansing drink was created to make daily intake of the three ingredients as easy as possible. You can also take turmeric, ginger, and onions in other ways without any problem – even in raw form.

While there are usually no questions about using onions, cooking with ginger and turmeric

A vegetable dye appears to have the potential to protect passive smokers from tobacco-related lung cancer, according to a November 2016 study. The substance is found in oranges, red peppers, squash, and many other fruits and vegetables. It’s called beta-cryptoxanthin and it can reduce the number of receptors that nicotine docks to in order to accelerate tumor growth. This tip is particularly valuable for passive smokers because they do not want to – in contrast to smokers – expose this additional cancer risk factor.

The substance in fruits and vegetables protects the lungs from cancer

Nicotine is the addictive substance in tobacco and some e-cigarette liquids. It protects cancer cells, ensuring that they really blossom. To do this, the docks on to their receptors and in this way encourages them to grow more.

Dr. Xiang-Dong Wang is a cancer researcher at Tufts University in Boston. Since 2004 he has been researching carotenoids, the dyes that give color to many yellow and red fruits. Wang tries to find out why these substances can prevent so many chronic diseases. In particular, the carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin is the focus of his investigations. The substance is in z. In the following foods:

  • oranges
  • tangerines
  • pumpkins
  • Red peppers
  • in many other oranges, yellow and red fruits, and vegetables
  • and also in green leafy vegetables, where the dye is covered by green chlorophyll

The current study by Dr. med. Wang and team were published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research and described how beta-cryptoxanthin (BCX) reduces the number of nicotine receptors, thus reducing the motivating influence of nicotine on lung cancer cells.

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Lung cancer-the most dangerous type of cancer

Dr. Wang says the new research shows how well eating fruits and vegetables can reduce the lung cancer risk of (passive) smokers.

Lung cancer is the type of cancer that causes the highest mortality each year. In Germany, nearly 50,000 people get lung cancer each year. There is over 220,000 new lung cancer diagnosed annually in the US, and over 150,000 people die of it.

Smoking is considered one of the major risk factors for lung cancer. According to the American Lung Association, a man can increase his lung cancer risk 23fold if he smokes. In contrast, a smoker has an “only” 13 times higher lung cancer risk than non-smokers.

However, it is particularly bad that passive smoking alone in the US alone causes over 7,000 deaths each year. Here people have to suffer and die because other people smoke ruthlessly in their presence.

Nicotine accelerates tumor growth

Tobacco smoke contains 7,000 components, many of which are carcinogens that can cause severe damage to the cells of the lungs and bronchial mucosa. So far, nicotine has not been considered a direct cause of lung cancer. However, studies have since shown that the addictive substance can accelerate the growth of lung tumors. Nicotine is therefore even very heavily involved in the development of lung cancer.

For example, in 2013, Warren and Singh wrote in the Journal of Carcinogenesis that it has long been known how badly lung cancer therapies work if the patient continues to smoke. The reason for this is that nicotine and its metabolites accelerate tumor growth in many different ways. For example, angiogenesis is promoted (formation of blood vessels to the tumor, so that it is better supplied with nutrients), the resistance of the tumor to therapies and also directly to the metastasis.

Nicotine causes a strengthening of the cancer

Wang and colleagues have now discovered that nicotine binds to the receptors on the lung surface, leading directly to a signal cascade, which in turn results in rapid cell division of cancer cells and the formation of new blood vessels for tumor delivery (angiogenesis).

Not only that, nicotine can also increase the number of these receptors – and the more nicotine receptors there are, the better the cancerous effect of nicotine. However, as Wang and his team believe, BCX appears to be effective in reducing the number of these receptors, which could now also lead to shrinkage of the tumor.

The more carotenoids (passive) smokers eat, the better they are protected

In earlier studies, Wang’s team had discovered a link between the frequent consumption of BCX-rich foods and a lower lung cancer risk in humans. In animal studies, the suspicion confirmed: who received BCX, experienced shrinkage of his lung tumors by 52 to 63 percent. BCX levels that are similar in humans to one red pepper or two tangerines per day have been effective.

Cell experiments were also performed. It also showed that the cells scatter less frequently in the presence of BCX than without BCX. Who is damned – for whatever reason – to passive smokers, should absolutely eat as healthy as possible, taking care to eat as many carotenoid-rich foods daily as possible.

COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. It is popularly called the smoker’s lung, which often shows the typical “smoker’s cough”, with shortness of breath and expectoration. Although the majority of smokers are affected, the number of non-smokers affected has steadily increased for years. Proper nutrition can not only prevent COPD. It can also influence the course of the disease very positively in the presence of an existing illness and make life worth living again. You can finally breathe easier, the mucus dissolves and the coughing subsides.

The diet determines the course of the disease in COPD

A wrong diet is also increasingly mentioned in scientific circles as a contributory cause of chronic diseases. Because the type of diet determines significantly whether an existing chronic disease progresses and is getting worse or whether it can improve again.

This applies to a variety of ailments, whether it is depression, arthritis, psoriasis, high blood pressure, breast cancer, polyneuropathy, multiple sclerosis, psychosis or whatever.

First studies have long been published, which prove the importance of nutrition in COPD and asthma. The very fact that obesity is a significant risk factor for lung disease and overweight is usually the result of an unhealthy diet, shows that it is high time to change the diet, which usually automatically leads to a normalization of weight.

Even some pulmonary specialists now advise a change in diet, so that it has long been appropriate reports on this experience:

Experience: Basic nutrition improves COPD

“My pulmonologist recommended a basic diet. I was skeptical at first. But if I consistently implement this diet, I can breathe easier, cough less and have significantly less mucus in my throat. I eat vegetables and low-acid fruits. I add a pinch of soda (sodium bicarbonate) to my drinking water and eat six small meals instead of the usual three large meals.

Some fish and poultry are allowed. Coffee, carbonated drinks, red meat, chocolate and fried are taboo. At first, I was worried that I would lose weight, but I did not lose much weight and regained it in terms of muscle mass thanks to my sports program. My new diet has another advantage. I no longer need acid blockers for the stomach. However, as soon as I sin, I notice it immediately, I feel worse and I return with pleasure to my basic diet. ”

Of course, there are always feedbacks like this: “I had to quit smoking. If I can not eat all that, what I like, I have no more joy in life. “Here is a decision to make: to feel good and to enjoy the enjoyment of healthy food or sitting in the old mess stay and cough the soul out.

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COPD risk decreases by one third with proper nutrition

We have already reported on a study published in February 2015 in the British Medical Journal. A full-bodied vegetable-rich diet had reduced COPD risk by a third in this study!

COPD is the acronym of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (English: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). It is a group of different respiratory diseases, including chronic obstructive bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema.

COPD-related diseases are characterized by systemic (whole-body) inflammation, respiratory tract inflammation, pulmonary function disorders, and shorter life expectancy. Main symptoms are cough, bronchitis, sputum, and respiratory distress.

In 2015, 30,000 people died of COPD in Germany alone. By comparison, lung cancer had 45,000 in the same year. However, lung health can be very well influenced by the diet.

In COPD, a change in diet is an important part of the therapy!

In the journal Nutrients, a review of the Center for Asthma and Respiratory Diseases of the University of Newcastle, Australia, was published in March 2015. The study focused on the influence of diet on lung health and especially on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

The participating researchers wrote that although medical care in this area is progressing more and more, a change in diet should always be carried out as an adjunct. For example, the Mediterranean diet offers itself as it has a protective effect against respiratory diseases in epidemiological studies.

Mediterranean diet instead of typical western diet

In the Mediterranean diet, you eat the most natural foods possible, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds, accompanied by occasional fish meals. Dairy products, meat, and poultry are rare. The source of fat is olive oil, which automatically reduces the consumption of unhealthy fats.

By contrast, the typical Western diet (white flour, meat, dairy, sweets, fries, salty snacks, and sweet desserts) increases the risk of becoming a victim of respiratory disease (asthma, COPD, etc.), and children who like to eat fast foods are more likely to develop asthma , That’s no surprise, as even a single high-fat fast-food meal increases the inflammation of the respiratory tract.

Fruits and vegetables

Many years ago, a study was published in which smokers were given beta-carotene – for the prevention of lung cancer. But then they did not get sick less often, but even more often with lung cancer. Once this unpleasant side effect was noticed, the study was stopped immediately and smokers were advised to stop taking beta-carotene. Meanwhile, however, it has come to the point where some people believe that dietary beta carotene (such as carrots) is harmful and can cause lung cancer. We explain how it behaves.

What is beta-carotene?

Beta carotene is a phytochemical in the carotenoid family. Carotenoids, in turn, are fat-soluble plant substances with yellow to red coloring. A diet rich in carotenoids is therefore used when the diet contains a high proportion of yellow and orange or even red vegetables.

Beta-carotene is the best known carotenoid. Hardly any other food is as rich as it is in carrots and kale. Although green cabbage is green and not yellow or orange, the green of chlorophyll covers the orange tones of beta-carotene.

Which carotenoids are there?

Other carotenoids are, for example

  • the alpha-carotene (eg in pumpkin and carrots),
  • Lycopene (especially in tomatoes),
  • the beta-cryptoxanthin (eg in pumpkin and red pepper),
  • lutein (eg in savoy cabbage, parsley, and kale),
  • Astaxanthin (produced by algae) and
  • the zeaxanthin (eg in red pepper).

All of them are considered to be powerful antioxidants that fight free radicals and oxidative stress and can thus prevent many diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, rheumatic diseases, eye diseases, as well as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s and cancer.

Does beta carotene protect against lung cancer?

As late as the 1980s, beta carotene was considered very healthy by all people – whether they were smokers or not. In 1986, even a study on this topic appeared (1,266 participants). They found that smokers who did not eat carrots had a three-fold higher risk of lung cancer than smokers who ate carrots at least once a week. A significantly increased risk of lung cancer also existed for those who only liked little green leafy vegetables. Liver and cheese (vitamin A) did not appear to have a protective effect because those who did not have either had no increased risk of ever developing lung cancer.

Another study (1,663 participants) in the same year showed similar, namely that a carotenoid-rich diet, in particular, smokers protected against lung cancer.

But who wants to bother with all the vegetables? So at least the thought of many smokers, who on the whole rather seldom eat health-conscious. However, since lung cancer is a desirable target for her and smoking cessation is rarely up for debate, the obvious solution was: why not simply take a beta-carotene pill every day? Because it was known that a high level of beta-carotene in the blood reduced the risk of lung cancer. So you could safely take the beta carotene in pill form.

does-beta-carotene-cause-lung-cancer

Beta-carotene in pill form increases the risk of lung cancer

In 1996, a study on beta-carotene pills, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, was quickly launched. More than 29,000 men between the ages of 50 and 69 who smoked more than 5 cigarettes a day took 50 mg of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol ), 20 mg beta carotene, or both, or a placebo supplement for an average of 6 years.

Regarding vitamin E, there was no effect on lung cancer risk. Beta-carotene, however, appeared to increase lung cancer risk (but only slightly), especially in heavy smokers (more than 20 cigarettes per day) compared to smokers who smoked less. Even in men who also indulged in higher alcohol consumption, was due to the beta carotene intake an increased risk of lung cancer.

Study stop because of frequent lung cancer cases

Similar results were obtained by the so-called CARET study, which was published in the same year. Here, over 18,000 participants were given 30 mg beta-carotene daily and 25,000 IU vitamin A or placebo. The study had to be stopped after just 21 months, as the beta carotene group had 28 percent more lung cancers and 17 percent more deaths. The participants of the study were smokers, former smokers or asbestos workers, ie all those with a high risk of lung cancer.

At the same time, there were also studies that did not show any disadvantages after taking beta-carotene, such as the study that also appeared in 1996 (in the New England Journal of Medicine) and found that:

Beta-carotene in pill form does not always harm

More than 22,000 healthy men between the ages of 40 and 84 took 50 mg beta-carotene or placebo every other day for 12 years. These included smokers as well as former smokers and non-smokers. At the end of the 12 years, however, no significant differences in cancer risk, cardiovascular or mortality risk could be identified. In the beta-nicotine group, even fewer men had lung cancer than the placebo group (82 versus 88), which was not statistically significant.

Three years later (1999), a study of nearly 40,000 healthy women – whether smokers or non-smokers – found that dietary supplementation with 50 mg beta-carotene every other day for an average of 2.1 years does not affect the risk of cancer or cardiovascular disease even the mortality had.

Problematic: The

The doctor can use the bronchoscope to examine the lungs and airways. In addition, the method helps in the treatment, for example, to extract viscous mucus. During lung reflection, the doctor introduces a bronchoscope into the airway via the mouth or nose. Modern bronchoscopes consist of a soft, flexible tube with a diameter of two to six millimeters. At the top of the tube sits a camera with the light source. This camera sends its images in real time to a monitor on which the doctor examines the patient’s airways.

In addition, the bronchoscope can inject and aspirate liquid and thereby perform a so-called bronchial lavage. In addition, very small pliers or brushes can be advanced through the tube and tissue samples taken. These biopsy specimens will be examined later by the doctor under a microscope. In addition, a miniature ultrasound head can image the environment of the airways.

For what reasons does the doctor perform a bronchoscopy?

A bronchoscopy may be necessary for both treatment and diagnosis, for example, if there is suspicion of lung cancer in the room or if treatment is to be scheduled for a known lung tumor. Doctors can also use this method to introduce radioactive substances into the lungs in order to irradiate tumors locally. Restrictions of the respiratory tract can be clarified by bronchoscopy. Similarly, the doctor can investigate reduced ventilation of partial areas of the lung, so-called atelectasis. With the lung reflection and bronchial lavage cells and germs can also be extracted from the lungs.

Doctors also use lung plasmas to look for and remove foreign bodies. In ventilated patients, the position of the breathing tube can also be corrected with it. In addition, secretions such as mucus plugs can be washed away with the bronchoscope and inserted so-called stents, which seemed to the airways from the inside and keep them open.

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How is an examination with the bronchoscope going?

On the day of the examination, the patient comes sober. He receives a spray that stuns the throat and suppresses the gagging. Then, the patient is virtually always injected with a short narcotic into the vein, so that he feels nothing at all from the examination. If necessary, sedatives are also used.

The doctor introduces the bronchoscope through the mouth or nose into the trachea. Afterward, he examines the mucous membrane of the airways, which can be imagined as a “bronchial tree” with more and more ramifications. The doctor examines all bronchi to a maximum of the third or fourth diversion. This usually takes 10 to 15 minutes. The airways themselves are insensitive to pain.

If a bronchial lavage is needed, the doctor injects about 20-100 milliliters of sterile fluid into the lower respiratory tract and then sucks it off. It extracts bacteria and cells from the surface of the respiratory tract and subsequently examines them in the laboratory.

After the examination, the patient should abstain from eating and drinking for about two hours until the anesthetic of the throat has subsided. Otherwise, there is a risk of swallowing. If the patient has been given tranquilizers or anesthesia, they are not allowed to drive the same day.

What other types of bronchoscopy are there?

In addition to the lung reflection with a flexible tube, there is still the investigation with a rigid tube. This tube can, for example, better remove foreign matter from the lungs. Even if a tumor severely restricts the airways, rigid bronchoscopy has advantages. Sometimes the doctor can remove tumors directly using laser devices or argon bombers. Argon beamer is coagulation devices that transfer energy via argon gas and soil the tissue two to three millimeters deep. The doctor uses them to destroy tissue and stop bleeding. If he has to use stents to stretch a constriction, it works better with the rigid bronchoscope.

Is a bronchoscopy dangerous?

The bronchoscope may cause nosebleeds or sore throat with difficulty swallowing, hoarseness or coughing, and very rarely injure the larynx. Even short-term fever sometimes occurs afterwards, especially in lavages. Severe incidents are very rare in bronchoscopy.

Removing the tissue samples may cause slight bleeding. Therefore, one should expect in the first two days that you abhustet blood to a small extent. Every now and then, the bleeding is so severe that they have to be breastfed by the endoscope.

In some cases, injury to the alveoli causes the lungs to leak and form a so-called pneumothorax. This means that air flows into space between the lungs and the surrounding lung cavity and causes the feeling of being short of air. Then, if necessary, the application of a chest tube is necessary: This plastic tube through the chest wall conveys the infiltrated air to the outside.

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Possible exclusion reasons

Bronchoscopy can be problematic in generally very poor condition or serious comorbidities: If a heart failure or an acute

Pulmonary edema can be manifested by sudden onset of severe breathlessness, rattling breath and coughing attacks.

Causes: What causes pulmonary edema?

The cause of pulmonary edema is either an increase in pressure within the pulmonary vessels or an increase in the permeability of the pulmonary vascular walls. Sometimes combinations of both causes are present.

Cardiac Pulmonary Edema

When the pressure within the vessels increases, it is mostly due to heart disease. One speaks of a cardiac pulmonary edema. For example, a heart attack, an inflammation of the heart muscle, a disease of the coronary vessels or too high a blood pressure in pre-existing heart failure underlying.

These diseases weaken the left ventricle. As a result, they can not pump the oxygen-rich blood provided by the lungs fast enough into the body. The blood builds up in the pulmonary vein. The congestion increases the pressure on the blood vessels. As a result, blood fluid escapes from the vessels and is forced into the lung tissue. The walls of the blood vessels work like filters and allow only the liquid to pass.

The remaining blood components, such as red blood cells or other cells, are held back. The fluid first accumulates in the interstices of the cells and can then penetrate into the interior of the alveoli. As a result, they can perform their task increasingly poorly and oxygen uptake is becoming increasingly difficult.

Altitude Pulmonary Edema

A special feature of the pulmonary edema was the so-called high-altitude edema. It is triggered in mountain climbing at high altitude in the first two to three days by a combination of oxygen deficiency and low air pressure. The vessels contract and cause an increase in blood pressure, which overloads the left ventricle and creates a backlog.

Non-cardiac pulmonary edema

In non-cardiac pulmonary edema, the most common cause is damage to the membranes of the fine pulmonary capillaries. As a result, they lose part of their barrier function; blood fluid, together with smaller cell components, can penetrate into the tissue of the lung. The more effective the lymphatic vessels can initially remove the excess fluid, the slower the development of symptoms.

In most cases, ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) is the cause of membrane damage. In this case, the lungs react to massive damage, for example from infections with viruses, inhalation of toxic gases, medication, severe burns, serious cardiovascular shock or blood poisoning. Rarely, pulmonary embolism, overdose in anesthesia, or stroke can increase membrane permeability.

“Another cause is damage to the liver and kidneys, which leads to a drop in albumin in the blood – a specific blood protein,” says Köhler. Due to the lack of protein, the blood fluid cannot be kept in the necessary amount in the blood vessels and thus reaches the cell gap to the outside.

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Diagnosis

For diagnosis, the doctor asks questions about the underlying and concomitant diseases of the heart, lungs and other organs. When listening to the lungs with the stethoscope rattling noises fall on, which sometimes are already audible with the naked ear. An x-ray examination can be used to determine whether water is actually in the lungs. Important indications for pulmonary edema include accelerated breathing, increased heart rate and blueing of the skin and mucous membranes. An ECG, echocardiography and other examinations target the underlying cause.

Therapy: How is pulmonary edema treated?

Pulmonary edema is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition requiring intensive medical treatment. Patients should be transported to the hospital as soon as possible. As a first measure, an upper body and lower legs are helpful. As a result, the blood flows back to the heart slower, so this is relieved.

Breathing can be assisted by the delivery of oxygen via a nasogastric tube or a mask. In an advanced stage, positive pressure ventilation, in some cases artificial respiration is necessary. Most patients are supplied with painkillers and tranquilizers.

Dehydrating medications (diuretics) ensure that the water drains from the tissue. This not only improves the oxygen exchange at the alveoli but also relieves the blood pressure by reducing the volume of fluid and thus reduces the burden on the heart. Drugs that dilate the vessels lower the pressure on the heart, improving the oxygen supply.

All other measures depend on the underlying cause. In case of height elevation edema, sufferers should descend as soon as possible. In addition, oxygen delivery, vasodilating drugs, and positive pressure ventilation may help.

Persistent coughing with sputum indicates chronic bronchitis. Smoking is the most important risk factor. Those who ignore the signs risk serious lung disease.

In short, what is chronic bronchitis?

Chronic bronchitis means that the bronchi are permanently inflamed. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), bronchitis is considered to be chronic if the symptoms of cough and sputum persist for two consecutive years for at least three months each year.

The bronchi are the continuation of the trachea. It divides into two main bronchi at the lower end. These lead the breathing air into the two lungs. There, the bronchi branch out ever finer until they end in the microscopic small alveoli, where the actual gas exchange, ie the vital intake of oxygen and release of carbon dioxide takes place.

Approximately ten percent of the population suffers from chronic bronchitis during their lifetime. Smoking is considered the biggest risk factor (colloquially “smoker’s cough”), but there are also many other triggers, which is why a reduction in smoking behavior falls short.

The most important therapy measure for smokers is the smoke stop. Various medications, adapted sports and special breathing techniques can help additionally.

Chronic bronchitis can lead to COPD – a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The airways are then permanently constricted and alveoli are broken down (emphysema).

Causes and risk factors: How does chronic bronchitis develop?

Risk of tobacco smoke: Smoking is the leading cause of chronic bronchitis. Tobacco smoke damages the respiratory tract in different ways: First, it destroys the cilia in the bronchial mucosa. These normally transport mucus and pollutant particles contained therein and thus exercise a cleaning function. On the other hand, tobacco smoke promotes inflammatory processes, weakens the immune system and causes more mucus to be formed in the bronchi. Especially at night while lying down secretions accumulate, which leads to a morning cough with sputum. Passive smoking also increases the risk of chronic bronchitis.

Air pollutants: Certain gases, dusts, and vapors pollute some people in the workplace. These pollutants can also cause lung problems and cause chronic bronchitis.

Common respiratory infections: Bacterial and viral infections are more common in chronic bronchitis. It often remains unclear whether they are the cause or the consequence of the respiratory disease.

Genetic causes: A certain genetic component can be identified in chronic bronchitis and its consequences. Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, which increases the risk of pulmonary emphysema and may be associated with symptoms of chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, where lung involvement often begins as chronic bronchitis, and ciliary disorder, in which mutations are either missing or defective, are well-characterized Formation of the cilia on the bronchial mucosa leads.

Other underlying diseases: Certain diseases are associated with chronic bronchitis. It is usually hard to recognize cause and impact. Examples are asthma, chronic sinusitis, and pulmonary tuberculosis. A hyperreactive bronchial system, as is typical in people with an allergy, may in rare cases favor chronic bronchitis.

Is chronic bronchitis contagious?

Chronic bronchitis is not intrinsically contagious – unlike acute bronchitis, which is often the case. If respiratory tract infections occur as part of chronic bronchitis, they can be contagious.

Symptoms: How is chronic bronchitis noticeable?

The classic symptom of chronic bronchitis is coughing with expectoration of viscous mucus. The cough occurs, especially in the morning.

Chronic bronchitis often begins insidiously and may initially go unnoticed. Because a clogged cough that lasts for a long time, sufferers often lead back to a supposedly harmless, perhaps “abducted” cold. They do not take the symptom seriously.

Chronic bronchitis can be fluent in COPD. If there is shortness of breath and tightness of the chest during physical exertion, this is a possible sign that COPD has already developed. However, there may be other causes behind such symptoms, such as angina pectoris.

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When is a bronchitis chronic?

According to the WHO definition, it is chronic bronchitis if the symptoms of coughing and expectoration occur for two consecutive years for at least three months a year most days of the week.

What is an exacerbation?

Doctors speak of an exacerbation when the patient’s complaints suddenly worsen. This occurs especially in advanced disease and during the cold season. In the majority of cases, respiratory infections are the trigger. If very severe COPD is present, an exacerbation can be life-threatening.

Important: Take respiratory symptoms seriously. See the doctor if symptoms persist like coughing persistently or if shortness of breath occurs.

Chronic bronchitis: What are the consequences of the disease?

Anyone who is healthy breathes automatically – without thinking about what the lungs do. Some even blame the vital organ for exertions such as smoking. This can lead to mortal danger in diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract.

The human lungs: every day in adults, around 10 000 liters of air flow through.

Without realizing it, adult, healthy people breathe at rest about 12 to 16 times a minute. Each time, about half a liter of air flows through the airways into the lungs and out again.

Construction and location

Physicians refer to all parts of the body, which are traversed by the inhalation and exhalation of air as airways: Through the mouth and nose, the air passes through the throat into the trachea. The trachea lies behind the breastbone and divides in the thorax into a left and a right main bronchus. These lead together with the respective pulmonary vessels to the left or right lung.

The lung (Latin: Pulmo) is in fact paired. Each of the two lungs is supplied with its own blood vessels and, with the respective main bronchus, also has its own air supply, which enters the lungs together with the veins and arteries at the so-called pulmonary hilum. The left lung is slightly smaller than the right and consists of only two instead of three lobes because in its vicinity the heart is located and thus less space available. Each main bronchus divides according to the number of lung lobes in so-called lobe bronchi and then branches out into Segementbronchien and ever smaller bronchi and bronchioli until at the end of the small alveoli, the so-called alveoli.

They are the place where the lung performs its most important function, the gas exchange, giving the lung tissue its spongy appearance.

What are the job of the lungs and respiratory system?

The airways not only carry air into the lungs, but cilia on their walls also purify the air. Foreign matter such as bacteria and dust particles remain hanging in it and are transported along with the lying on the cilia on the pharynx throat direction. He is either swallowed unnoticed or – for example, if the cilia are unable to afford the transport – coughed off.

The most important task of the lung is the gas exchange. Since our body needs a lot of oxygen and has to excrete corresponding amounts of carbon dioxide, a large area is necessary for this. These provide the alveoli. They have very thin walls that almost directly border the blood vessels. This makes it possible for the oxygen from the respiratory air to pass through these walls into the oxygen-poor blood of the pulmonary vessels, while the carbon dioxide passes from the blood into the alveoli.

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Pulmonary and respiratory diseases

If the lungs become infected, it can hinder breathing and even have life-threatening consequences. It is not for nothing that lung and bronchial cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and pneumonia are among the ten leading causes of death in Germany. One of the most important risk factors for lung disease is smoking. Because tobacco smoke not only favors the development of malignant diseases such as lung cancer but also damages, among other things, the cilia, which transport phlegm and pathogens outside. This increases the risk of infection. Certain lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are very often the result of many years of smoking. If you want to do something good for your lungs, then you should do without cigarettes and similar tobacco products.

Respiratory Diseases As the days get shorter again and autumn and winter bring down cold, wind and rain, our immune system is under heavy strain. Added to this is dry heating air, which irritates and dehydrates our mucous membranes.

In the winter, many people bustle together in warm, closed rooms, buses, and subways, which increases the risk of infection.

So bacteria and viruses are particularly easy to penetrate our body. When many people gather in warm, closed rooms, buses and subways in winter, the risk of infection is also increased: winter time is therefore also the time of acute respiratory infections. The spectrum ranges from a simple cold over the real flu to acute bronchitis or adult pneumonia.

The most harmless form of respiratory infections is a cold. Incidentally, it is sometimes referred to as a flu infection. Compared to the real flu but it runs harmless. Predominantly, a cold is triggered by viruses that affect the upper respiratory tract. Therefore, treatment with bactericidal antibiotics does not help here either. Usually, the disease begins two to four days after infection by droplet infection and usually lasts at most one week.

Typical signs of real influenza, influenza, are sudden high fever, dry cough, muscle and headache, and fatigue. The flu outbreaks that pass through Germany every winter are caused by influenza viruses. A vaccine can protect against infection. However, you should get vaccinated again every year against the flu, because the viruses are very versatile and the vaccine must be adjusted regularly. The Robert Koch Institute recommends vaccinations especially for pregnant women, elderly people and people with chronic illnesses.

If the pathogen penetrates deeper into the respiratory tract, as a result of a cold or flu, the mucous membranes of the bronchi can also become acutely inflamed. One speaks then of acute bronchitis. In more than 90 percent of cases, viruses are the trigger, rarely bacteria. Since acute bronchitis can also become chronic, it is important to treat this condition properly and adequately.

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One of the most serious respiratory infections is pneumonia. The most common causes of the disease are bacteria of the species Streptococcus pneumoniae. But other bacteria, viruses or fungi can lead to inflammation of the lung tissue. The treachery of pneumococcal pneumonia is that it can often lead to very severe symptoms without warning. It is also possible to get vaccinated against pneumococci, as in the case of influenza, people from risk groups are recommended to have a vaccine.

In recent years, the number of whooping cough cases increased again. This is mainly due to the fact that the vaccine against this highly infectious disease gradually decreases and adults would have to refresh him. Pertussis, like a whooping cough in technical language, is called, is a bacterial infection. The disease can be very tedious and life-threatening especially for small children. It begins as a harmless cold with a cold and cough, but changes in the course of the typical bouts of attacks of coughing that occur especially at night.

The bacterial infectious disease that still causes most deaths worldwide is tuberculosis. In 2014, about 9.6 million people worldwide fell ill. In Germany, the rate of newly diagnosed tuberculosis infections is comparatively low, but in 2015 the Robert Koch Institute observed an increase to 5,865 cases compared to 4,533 cases in the previous year. Above all, people whose immune system is weakened are at risk. Contagion occurs through close contact with patients, usually by droplet infection via the lungs. In most cases, the body succeeds in successfully controlling the bacteria or isolating them. These inflammatory sites (tubercles), which are enclosed by the immune system, can be visualized on the x-ray and also give their name to the disease. An infection can now be treated well with a combination of antibiotics, however, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis pathogens have been a growing problem in recent years.

Inflammation in the lungs naturally also plays a central role in chronic lung diseases such as asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Definition

Pulmonary embolism refers to the obstruction or fixing of blood clots (thromboses) in blood vessels of the lungs. Of the entrained blood clots, which are usually transported by the leg veins through the heart, the lungs are often affected. The blood clots in the arterial blood vessels (blood arterial embolism) of the lungs lead to blood and nutrient deficits in the affected blood vessels.

Root Cause

Risk groups, such as people with congenital blood clotting system disorders or people who are immobile, as well as those who are freshly operated, tend to thromboses and thus to embolisms. Obesity, smoking, birth control pills and certain medications can increase the risk of thrombosis. In some cases, blood clots that have formed in the heart may be responsible for pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms

Depending on the size of the blood clot, different symptoms may appear at different intervals. If the blood clot is small, it usually comes only to an atypical cough. Severe pulmonary embolism may include chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing (blood), sweating or anxiety. Also typical are the bluish discoloration of the skin, fingernails or lips, due to the lack of oxygen.

Diagnosis

After a detailed conversation on the history of the disease, special clinical and technical examinations can be carried out, i.a. Blood and oxygen saturation tests, ECG, X-ray and ultrasound examinations, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography and nuclear medicine examinations (scintigraphy).

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Therapy

The treatment of pulmonary embolism is usually to be initiated immediately after diagnosis, as this can be life-threatening. Depending on the form of the disease, conservative or surgical therapies may be initiated. Mostly anti-coagulant drugs are used, oxygen therapies initiated and bed rest prescribed. Within the so-called “lysis therapy” special lysis drugs can promote the dissolution of the blood clot. In congenital deficits, such as blood coagulation system damage, the therapy can be used for life or special operations performed.

Prevention

General preventive measures include early mobilization after surgery, avoiding too much bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of exercises. Especially on longer flights, you should make sure that you move the legs (feet) regularly so that it can come to no thrombosis. The airlines are usually familiar with the thrombosis risks on flights and provide information and suggestions. People with an increased risk of thrombosis will find comprehensive advice and preventative treatment at the doctor.

Important Instructions

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Most of the articles in this portal are provided by registered users, and many users are constantly working to improve, but posts can be wrong and may even contain health-damaging recommendations.

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