What are The Symptoms Of Lungs Cancer, Treatment & Prognosis

Lung cancer is a malignant neoplasm in the respiratory system (lungs and bronchi). In addition to breast cancer, colon cancer and prostate cancer, it is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Unfortunately, the number of illnesses continues to increase, especially among women.

Short version:

    • Smoking causes 85% of lung cancers.
    • Lung cancer is caused by a change in the genetic material due to chronic damage.
    • Lung carcinomas can be divided into two groups.
    • Because symptoms are unrecognized or misinterpreted, lung cancer is often discovered by accident during examinations.
    • The treatment of a lung tumor depends on the type of cancer.

In Austria, around 2,500 men and almost 1,200 women suffer from bronchial carcinoma each year. Thus lung cancer is second only to prostate cancer in males and third in women after breast and colon cancer. Most cases are detected between the 55th and the 65th year of life. However, patients can be significantly younger.

The main risk factor for the development of lung cancer is cigarette smoking: Around 85% of all cases can be attributed to tobacco consumption. Hereditary predispositions or contact with other harmful substances (such as arsenic, radon or asbestos), on the other hand, play a subordinate role. 3-5% of the diseases are caused by passive smoking.

From surgery to Targeted Therapy: Depending on the type and stage, lung cancer is treated differently.

Anyone smoking a pack of cigarettes every day for over 20 years increases their lung cancer risk 30 to 40 times. By contrast, a familial accumulation only leads to a doubling or tripling of the risk.

lungs-cancer

How does lung cancer develop?

In the cells of the mucous membranes of the bronchi and in the alveoli, there is a change in the genetic material due to prolonged chronic damage (for example, chronic inflammation from cigarette smoke). After a long time, this change means that the normal control mechanisms for the growth and death of cells are no longer effective and a malignant tumor develops. At an early stage of development, this process can sometimes be reversed, such as when the damaging effects are stopped.

Basically, two groups of lung cancer are differentiated:

    1. Non-small cell lung carcinoma

The non-small cell type accounts for around three quarters of cancers of the lung. It is roughly subdivided into:

    • squamous cell carcinoma
    • the adenocarcinoma
    • the large cell carcinoma
    1. Small cell lung carcinoma

Small cell lung cancer (about 20% of the disease) spreads rapidly through the bloodstream and lymphatics, but is better for chemotherapy.

This distinction is important from a medical point of view, because the therapy is targeted accordingly.

Which symptoms occur?

In those cases of lung cancer that are discovered at an early stage, these are generally incidental findings: pulmonary x-raying is actually done for quite different reasons, e.g. in case of release for surgical procedures or severe infections suggesting pneumonia.

The most significant problem is that the disease remains asymptomatic for a long time. Often, the typical symptoms, such as coughing, shortness of breath, fatigue or back pain, misinterpreted or ignored. Since the majority of sufferers are smokers with chronic bronchitis and often have cardiovascular problems, the symptoms are attributed to them.

A doctor’s visit is therefore often delayed for a long time. Only the appearance of blood in the sputum or severe weight loss are alarming. More than two-thirds of all cases of lung cancer are therefore diagnosed at a local or systemic (i.e., distant metastasis) stage.

Unfortunately, previous large-scale studies on the possibility of early diagnosis have not shown sufficiently satisfactory results to be meaningful to broad sections of the population. A so-called spiral computed tomography (spiral CT) with low radiation dose is therefore recommended as a preventive check only certain risk groups: chronic smokers over 50 years, especially if at the same time a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is present; in addition, in the case of lung cancer in the family or a workplace that is burdened by inhaled carcinogens (carcinogenic substances). However, the last two factors only seem relevant if the person smokes himself at the same time.

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How does the doctor make a diagnosis?

If lung cancer is suspected, the patient is referred to a specialized department where a complete examination is made as soon as possible. Among other things, the stage of the disease, the type of tumor and the spread in the body is examined.

For this purpose, different examination methods such as computed tomography, ultrasound, biopsy or a PET scan are performed.

Which treatment methods are available?

The choice of treatment for lung cancer depends largely on the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer.

Treatment options range from surgery to radiation and chemotherapy, to molecular biology therapy.

What is the prognosis for lung cancer?

In contrast to other types of cancer, in the case of bronchial carcinoma, there are no meaningful early detection measures or long-term successful treatment methods. Lung cancer is the only cancer in which the rate of new disease is nearly identical to that of deaths.

Taking all the cases together, current treatment methods achieve a 5-year survival rate of only 15%. However, when early-stage non-small cell lung cancer is detected, around 75 out of every 100 people treated surgically are still alive five years later.

At the same time, lung cancer is virtually the only cancer that has a prevalent and avoidable risk factor. Prevention through smoking cessation is therefore at the forefront.

Especially in the case of lung cancer, it must be emphasized how important it is to participate in the clinical trials offered, as it provides access to new drugs that are not yet on the market, and one can expect further improvements. Moreover, it is only possible to further advance the progress in the treatment of this problematic disease.

As regards therapy, great progress has been made in all areas in recent years. It has become much better in terms of effectiveness and tolerability. This leads to an improvement in quality of life, lifespan and a reduction in side effects.

What can i do on my own?

If you are a smoker, stop as soon as possible!

There are studies showing that certain drugs used to treat lung cancer are less effective when smoked during treatment. The effect of radiation therapy is also disturbed, and surgery increases the rate of complications.

In addition, it is known that patients who have undergone successful surgery have a higher risk of developing another lung cancer if they continue to consume nicotine than those who have quit smoking.

In addition, of course, all health care measures are also useful in the case of this disease: such as vitamin and fiber rich diet with restriction of sugar and fat content and sufficient exercise in the fresh air.

Different Types Of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a malignant tissue proliferation in the lungs, mainly from the mucous membranes of the bronchi. The medical term bronchial carcinoma hides numerous tumors with different cell types and therefore different forms of therapy and prognosis.

In the case of bronchial carcinoma, a distinction is made between small cell and non-small cell tumors

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) includes squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for half of all lung cancers. The tumor cells do not grow as fast as e.g. in small cell bronchial carcinoma. It can usually be operated on well because it is predominantly located centrally in the lungs and more distinct than the small cell lung cancer. Also, the cancer cells grow less quickly, but also do not respond so well to a chemo or radiation therapy.

Adenocarcinoma also belongs to the group of non-small cell lung carcinomas. It has some special status, as it occurs mainly in non-smoking middle-aged women. Otherwise, it can be said that about every tenth cell-type lung cancer is an adenocarcinoma.

The third representative of this group is the rarely occurring large-cell bronchial carcinoma, which accounts for five to ten percent of all malignant lung tumors. All three tumor types grow more slowly compared to small cell bronchial carcinoma and do not form metastases (secondary tumors) as quickly.

Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) is also referred to as oat cell cancer because the tumor cells are very similar to oat grains. This type of lung cancer is extremely fast and invasive and early causes metastases in the lymph nodes, liver, kidneys, brain and skeletal system (predominantly spine). As a form of treatment, a chemotherapy or radiation therapy is available here, under which the tumor size can greatly reduce or reduce due to the cell specificity. Surgery is performed if the cancer is found only in one lung and near lymph nodes. However, as this type of cancer does not usually occur in just one area, surgery as a single treatment is not useful. Often there are also recurrences.

Small cell bronchial carcinomas also have as a special feature the formation of a paraneoplastic syndrome, i. The tumor cells produce hormone-like substances that can lead to a variety of endocrinological symptoms. Since 80% of all patients already have metastasis at the time of first diagnosis, this tumor has the worst prognosis.

types-of-lungs-cancer

Special shapes :

    • Pancoast tumor

The tumor sits at a certain point in the lung tip and has just through this situation a typical symptoms. The most common symptoms here are unilateral shoulder pain radiating to the arm, ribs, neck and back. This symptomatology is due to the ingrowth of the tumor into surrounding nerve tracts. Often a Horner syndrome also occurs. Horner’s syndrome is the combination of drooping eyelid, narrowing of the pupil, withdrawal of the eyeball and reversed perspiration on one side. As a therapy, a combined chemo and radiation therapy followed by surgery is recommended if the condition of the patient allows it and there are no metastases in adjacent lymph nodes or other organs.

    • Pleural Mesothelioma

This rather rare malignant tumor starts from the pleura, which covers the lungs. Although it can greatly affect the function of the lungs and lead to severe breathing difficulties, it does not formally belong to the group of different types of lung cancer. Causes of the pleural mesothelioma are mostly asbestos contacts. Asbestos is the most important risk factor for this type of cancer. Since 1977, pleural mesothelioma has been recognized as an occupational disease in recent occupational asbestos exposure. It grows quite slowly compared to other tumors. Decades may pass between the inhalation of asbestos-containing dusts and the manifestation of a pleural mesothelioma.

In the end, however, it destroys and displaces other organs such as the lungs, heart, and diaphragm and forms metastases. It also comes very often to a pleural effusion. This is an accumulation of often purulent, often bloody fluid in the chest. In the treatment of pleural mesothelioma, the affected tissues are removed and replaced if necessary by artificial sculptures. Accompanying radiation and / or chemotherapy can be used.

Congenital Heart Disease – Treatment, Symptoms, and Causes

Congenital heart disease is a heart defect, of innate origin. Basically, this pathology concerns the septa of the heart, affects the artery, which supplies venous blood to the lungs or one of the main vessels of the arterial system – the aorta, and also There is an increase in the botallov channel (OAP). In congenital heart disease, the blood movement in the large blood circulation (BPC) and small (ICC) is disturbed.

Heart defects are a term that combines certain heart diseases whose main benefit is a change in the anatomical structure of the heart valve device or its largest vessels and the growth of the partitions between the atria or ventricles.

Causes of congenital heart disease

The main causes of congenital heart disease are diseases from the chromosomes – it is almost 5%; Mutation of the gene (2-3%); various factors such as alcoholism and drug addiction of parents; Infectious diseases in the first trimester of pregnancy (rubella, hepatitis), medications (1-2%) and hereditary predisposition (90%).

With various distortions of chromosomes, their mutations appear in a quantitative and structural form. When aberrations of large or medium sized chromosomes occur, this generally leads to a lethal outcome. But if there are biases in life compatibility then there are several types of congenital diseases. When a third chromosome appears in the set of chromosomes, defects arise between the valves of the valves of the atrial and ventricular septa or a combination of these.

Congenital heart disease with changes in the sex chromosomes is much rarer than in trisomy autosomes.

Mutations of a gene not only lead to congenital heart disease, but also to abnormalities of other organs. Developmental disorders of the CVS (cardiovascular system) are associated with the syndrome of autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive syndrome. These syndromes are characterized by a pattern of damage to the system in a mild or severe severity.

The development of congenital heart disease can contribute to various environmental factors that damage the cardiovascular system. Among them, X-ray radiation could be identified that a woman could receive during the first half of pregnancy; Radiation by ionised particles; some types of medicines; Infectious diseases and viral infections; Alcohol, drugs, etc. Therefore, heart disease formed under the influence of these factors has received the name of embryopathy.

congenital-heart-disease-symptoms

Under the influence of alcohol, most commonly formed VSD (defect of the interventricular septum), OAP (open arterial duct), pathology of the interatrial septum. For example, anticonvulsants lead to the development of pulmonary artery stenosis and aorta, aortic coarctation, OAP.

Ethyl alcohol is the first of the toxic substances, contributing to congenital heart disease. A child born under the influence of alcohol has an embryophytic alcohol syndrome. Alcoholic mothers suffer from almost 40% of children with congenital heart disease. Alcohol is particularly dangerous in the first trimester of pregnancy – this is one of the most critical stages of fetal development.

Very dangerous for the future of the child is the fact that the pregnant woman suffered from rubella. This disease causes a number of pathologies. And the innate pathology of the heart is no exception. The incidence of congenital heart disease after rubella is between 1 and 2.4%. Among the heart diseases are the most common in practice: OAA, AVK, Fallot tetralogy, DMZHP, stenosis of the pulmonary artery.

The data from the experiments show that almost all congenital heart defects are basically of genetic origin, which is consistent with a multifactorial inheritance. Of course, there is heterozygosity of a genetic nature and some forms of UPU are associated with mutations of a gene.

In addition to the aetiological factors that cause congenital heart disease, there is also a risk group in which women fall into the age group; Have violations of the endocrine system; with toxicoses of the first three months of pregnancy; who have stillborn babies in the history, as well as already existing children with congenital heart defects.

Congenital symptoms of heart disease

The clinical picture of congenital heart disease is characterized by features of the structure of the defect, the recovery process and the complications resulting from a variety of etiologies. The symptoms of congenital heart disease include shortness of breath, which occurs in the context of low physical exertion, increased heart rate, periodic weakness, paleness or cyanosis of the face, pain in the heart, swelling and fainting.

Congenital heart defects can occur at regular intervals, so there are three major phases.

In the primary, adaptive phase, the patient’s body attempts to adapt to circulatory system disorders caused by a developmental defect. As a result the symptoms of manifestation of the disease are usually not very pronounced. But during a severe hemodynamic injury, cardiac decompensation quickly develops. If patients with congenital heart disease do not die during the first phase of the disease, there will be improvements in their health and development in about 2-3 years.

In the second phase the relative compensation and the improvement of the general condition are noticed. And for the second inevitably comes the third, when all the adaptive abilities of the organism eventually develop a dystrophic and degenerative nature of the changes in the heart muscle and in various organs. Basically, the terminal phase leads to death of the patient.

The most pronounced symptoms of congenital heart disease include cardiac arrhythmia, cyanosis and heart failure.

Noise in the heart of a systolic character and varying intensity is observed in almost all types of vices. But sometimes they can be absolutely absent or manifest as transience. As a rule, the best audibility is located in the left upper part of the sternum or near the pulmonary artery. Even a slight increase in the shape of the heart makes it possible to hear heart noises.

During the stenosis of the pulmonary artery and TMS (transposition of the main vessels) the cyanosis manifests itself sharply. And with other malformations, it may be missing or small. Cyanosis sometimes has a lasting character or occurs when weeping, crying, so with a periodicity. This symptom may be accompanied by a change in the end phalanges of the fingers and nails. Sometimes such a symptom manifests itself in the pallor of a patient with congenital heart disease.

In some types of vice, the dullness of the heart may change. And its increase will depend on the localization of changes in the heart. To make an accurate diagnosis to determine the shape of the heart, use an X-ray image using both anti-ography and kymography.

In heart failure, a spasm of the peripheral vessels can develop, which is characterized by blanching, cooling of the limbs and the tip of the nose. Spasm manifests as adaptation of the patient’s body to heart failure.

 

congenital-heart-disease-symptoms

Congenital heart disease in newborns

Infants have a pretty big heart that has significant backup capabilities. Congenital heart disease is usually formed in 2-8 weeks of pregnancy. The cause of his appearance in the child are various diseases of the mother, contagious and viral; the work of the future mother in harmful production and of course hereditary factor.

About 1% of newborns suffer from cardiovascular disease. Now it is not difficult to diagnose congenital heart defects early. So it helps to save the lives of many children through medical and surgical treatment.

Congenital heart disease is most commonly diagnosed in male children. And for various deficiencies, there is a certain sexual predisposition. For example, OAA and VSD predominate in women and aortic stenosis, congenital aneurysm, aortic coarctation, Fallot tetralogy and TMA – in males.

One of the most common changes in the heart of children is the non-opening of the septum – this hole is abnormal. Basically, it is the VSW that is located between the upper chambers of the heart. Throughout the baby’s first year of life, some minor defects in the dividing walls may spontaneously shut down and not interfere with the child’s further development. Well, for major pathologies, surgery is indicated.

The fetal circulatory system prior to birth is a circulation that bypasses the lungs, meaning that blood does not flow there but circulates through the arterial duct. If a child is born, this gait usually closes within a few weeks. But if this does not happen, the child is put by the OAU. This creates some stress on the heart.

The cause of severe forms of cyanosis in children is the transposition of two large arteries when the pulmonary artery connects to the left ventricle and the aorta to the right ventricle. This is considered pathology. Without surgical intervention, newborns die during their first days of life. In addition, children with severe congenital heart disease rarely have a heart attack.

Characteristic signs of congenital heart disease in children are low weight, rapid fatigue and paleness of the skin.

Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart defects can sometimes have a different clinical picture. Therefore, the treatment and treatment methods largely depend on the severity and complexity of the clinical manifestations of the disease. Basically, the picture of his life is absolutely normal, as in healthy people, when the patient is completely compensated for the blemish. As a rule, such patients do not need consultations with doctors. You can be given recommendations whose purpose is to keep the defect in a compensatory state.

First, a patient suffering from congenital heart disease should be limited to hard physical labor. This work, which adversely affects the well-being of the patient, is advisable to switch to another type of activity.

A person with a history of congenital heart disease should refuse to participate in complex sports and participate in competitions. To reduce the strain on the heart, the patient should sleep for about eight hours.

The right diet should accompany patients with congenital heart disease. Foods should be taken three times a day to ensure that plenty of food does not stress the cardiovascular system. All foods should not contain salt, and if heart failure occurs, the salt should not exceed five grams. It should be remembered that only cooked foods should be eaten as they are better for digestion and significantly reduce the burden on all digestive organs. Basically, you should not smoke and drink alcoholic beverages in order not to provoke a cardiovascular system.

One of the methods of treating congenital heart disease is medication when it is necessary to regulate the contractile function of the heart, regulate the water-salt metabolism and remove excess fluid from the body, as well as combat the altered rhythms in the heart To improve metabolic processes in the myocardium.

The treatment of congenital heart disease sometimes changes due to the specificity and severity of the defect. The age and health of the patient are also taken into account. For example, children with small forms of heart disease sometimes do not need treatment. And in some cases, surgical procedures must be performed as early as infancy.

Almost 25% of children with congenital heart disease urgently require early surgery. To determine the location of the defect and its severity, children are put into the heart with a catheter in their first days of life.

The most important surgical method for the treatment of congenital heart disease is the method of deep hypertension, in which a strong cold is used. This type of surgery is performed by babies with a heart in size with a walnut. Applying this method to heart surgery allows the surgeon to perform a complex operation to restore the heart as a result of its complete relaxation.

At the moment, other radical methods of treating congenital heart disease are widespread. Among them, the commissurotomy can be distinguished, in which the dissection of obstructed valves and prostheses is used when the altered mitral or tricuspid atrioventricular valve is removed and then the valve prosthesis is sutured. After such surgical procedures, especially mitral commissurotomy, the prognosis of the surgical treatment is positive.

Basically, patients return to their normal lifestyle after surgery, they are able to work. Children are not limited to physical abilities. However, anyone who has undergone heart surgery should continue to be monitored by the attending physician. A vise that has a rheumatic aetiology requires repeated prevention.

A Gastronomy Guide to Healthy Eating: Celiac Disease Foods to Avoid

Eating is never a bad thing, unless you have celiac disease, and for that very reason I am writing this article on celiac disease foods to avoid. Our bodies were made to eat all types of foods. We were born to eat both meat and vegetables in a healthy diet. Some people, however, were born with the inability to enjoy the good things in life. People who were born without a clear sight will not be able to enjoy what life is giving them. People who were born without ears would not be able to hear the songs of nature, sung joyfully by the birds and the dancing leaves. People who were born with celiac disease would not be able to enjoy all foods to their fullest, leaving the taste of gluten-filled food to one’s imagination. I myself think that there is not a torture even worse than denying one from their hearty meal (and believe me when I say that a gluten-filled food is a hearty meal).

Eating, if you are someone with a celiac disease, is just like having to move through a minefield with visible mines. You know you should not step on them, but they are available for you to see and to step on. If you are playing the daredevil, you can step on it and check whether or not the thing will explode or not. If you are playing it safe, though, you can check on this list of celiac disease foods to eat and avoid 

Grains

This is probably the most perfect example of playing the daredevil when you have celiac disease. Grains are a bit confusing when it comes to list of foods to avoid with celiac disease. Some grains are truly recommended if you have celiac disease while some of them are pretty much a death sentence to eat. You can find many types of grains that are naturally gluten-free, but you can also find grains that are that are naturally gluten-filled.

To be more specific, you can eat rice because they are free from gluten. Corn and soy are also a safe option. Flax seed and yucca can be safe as well, so include them if you want to eat grains in your celiac disease diet. Just be mindful not to buy grains on a bulk because it is possible that the grains have already come in contact with grains that are gluten-filled. 

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Vegetables

Vegetables, as long as they do not touch anything with gluten in it, are safe for you people with celiac disease. They are not included in any celiac disease foods to avoid list, so you can bet your money on them. 

Beverages

Just like grains, this type of consumption is pretty much hit and miss. Some beverages can be included in celiac disease foods to avoid, but some are not. Many beverages are available for celiac disease patients to drink, but you might want to avoid ales, beers, malt wines, and lagers because they contain gluten.

Those are the celiac disease foods to eat and celiac disease foods to avoid, so be mindful of them when you embark on your gastronomic journey.

Get to Know What is Celiac Sprue and Its Symptoms

What is celiac sprue? There are many people who perhaps still unfamiliar about this. Celiac sprue is actually known as celiac disease which refers to severe health disorder on the digestive tract that results on the inability to receive gladin. It is a fraction found in alcohol-soluble. Besides, gluten itself is commonly found in starchy plants like wheat and barley. Hence, people with this disorder often said as gluten-sensitive as well. A sufferer of celiac prune ingests gladin as a response for the inflammatory occurs. Then, this condition leads to damage in the mucous membrane in the intestine. As the result, intestines cannot do the function properly and malabsorption of food nutrients happens.

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What happen with celiac disease patient body?

To know what does celiac sprue mean, you need to know what happen when someone suffer from this disease.  It is a compulsory for people with celiac disease to consume gluten-free diet. The number of people who have celiac prune or other autoimmune disorder associated with gluten consumption is high. Gluten itself is a protein contained in starchy plants which makes elastic and chewy texture of dough and bread.  Celiac disease patient when eat foods containing gluten, their body will react to this protein and cause damage on the villi, a finger-like surface in the small intestine’s wall. When the villi damaged, the food cannot be absorbed effectively by the intestines which not only lead to malnutrition, bone density reducing and infertility. 

Symptoms of celiac sprue

Talking about what is celiac sprue symptoms, it can be different from one person to another. Unlike a food allergy, the symptoms only associated with intestinal problems. People who get food allergy such as wheat commonly may experience itchy on their skin, watery eyes, or difficulty in breathing when consuming any food containing wheat. On the other hand, people with celiac disease might experience various kinds of problems associated with intestines such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and bloating. If this disorder suffered by children, they may experience vomiting, pale and smelly stool, or weight loss. Even though, the symptoms often appear among patients but not all of them may have it. Some others might not have any problem. This makes doctors to diagnose what is celiac sprue disease on someone. 

Diagnosis of celiac sprue disease

The majority of people with celiac sprue do not know they have it. The number of people who realized that they have it through appropriate diagnosis is still small. The progression of damage occurred in intestines is completely slow and the symptoms might be different from one patient to another. The early development of this disorder may take years before it appears on diagnosis. Then, what is celiac sprue test? Doctors commonly conduct two types of blood test to identify whether someone has celiac disease or not. The first type called serology test which is to found particular antibody and the second type is genetic test which the aim is to find any human leukocyte antigens that may cause celiac disease. If the blood test is positive, you most likely to get endoscopy which includes small intestine examination and taking small parts of damaged tissue.

Hereditary Maladies: Is Celiac Disease Hereditary?

Questions like is celiac disease hereditary, is celiac disease genetic, is celiac disease inherited from parents, and still many more of them are interesting questions for today’s article to discuss. Why? We have always known families as something that we can hide ourselves in when problems arose. When we get sick, our families (the majority of people, if not all) will often be the place where we can go to get treated. When we are hungry, our family is what provides for us. When we are down, our family is the first thing that often bring us back up. Truly the family is the place where we can get the comfort any human is looking for.

Sadly, family can also be a place for you to get one of the raging disease in this world: celiac disease. Celiac disease is a disease that can be ‘gifted’ to your offspring or even your siblings. It is a disease that is hereditary, a disease that persists because people with a weird autoimmunity system keeps breeding. If you have not been diagnosed with a celiac disease and one member of your nuclear family got diagnosed with it, there is a chance that you have that disease in you as well. To be safe, go to the doctor and have yourself diagnosed.

That should answer the question if you are the short-answer-looker type. If you are thirsty for the more scientific explanation, though, then feel free to stick around because that is what we are going to discuss next. 

Why is celiac disease genetic?

This is a medical philosophy question, so I cannot answer it on the correct way, but hear me this one: there are no clear indication on what will make you have celiac disease or what will make you safe from one (assuming one member of your nuclear family got celiac disease). The hereditary pattern is yet unknown and there are still open researches on the topic, making a definite answer a hard thing to get.   

is-celiac-disease-hereditary

Okay. So how is celiac disease hereditary then?

Humanity got within it something called the human leukocyte antigen complex (or HLAC for short. I shall be using this term from now on). HLAC is a thing that helps filter the bad proteins and the good proteins, making it a good thing if you do not have a faulty HLAC. IF you have a faulty HLAC, however, things will go awry. Whether or not your HLAC is faulty depends on your genetic line.

Bacteria and any other harmful creatures will produce protein in your body. A good HLAC system will be able to distinguish the protein made by those bacteria and harmful creatures and kill it. It will let any good proteins pass and it will not bother with it. A Bad HLAC system will not be able to distinguish between ally and enemy, making it the perfect analogy to a blind shooter. It will kill every good protein and every bad protein within your body and because it shoots blindly, there will be unwanted casualties. It will cause inflammation within your intestine, hence giving you celiac disease.

Hope this can answer the ‘is celiac disease hereditary question’ you have.

How to Diagnose Celiac Disease by Yourself?

Celiac disease is not a disease to be joked around with, and because it is pretty dangerous to have, it is imperative for you people to know how to diagnose celiac disease by yourself. This infamous disease is pretty famous in people these days, so people need to know that there are ways you can do by yourself to find out whether or not you have celiac disease.

But I am lying. There is no specific way of knowing the presence of celiac disease within you. At least not if you look for it yourself. The internet is ripe with article filled with hoax and lies. I only ask that you skip the clickbait-y nature of this title article and read this article to its end because this article will only tell you the real thing.

Far too many times have I seen articles that can show you how to diagnosis celiac disease by yourself. Those articles, while they can believable to some extent, lacks any coherent facts and evidence to back the claims within. They will tell you that celiac disease is a disease that is naturally found within a human’s body. Some even say that you can cure celiac disease by going vegan or ridding the world of anything fun. These articles are often the articles that many annoying millennials base their convictions on, hence why I always see those certain millenials as gullible millenials (do not mistake me for millenials hater. I myself is a part of the millenials as well). That is why there are lots of undiagnosed cases of celiac disease in the world and why some of those undiagnosed cases are nothing but a flunk.

Now that we are done with the ranting, let us get to the bulk of this article: how to diagnose celiac disease. 

First, you need to go to the doctor

While some naysayers will say that you can diagnose celiac disease by yourself, I daresay that you need to go to the doctor to get it done correctly (people who are doctors themselves will find this situation pretty awkward). The doctors (or you, if you are a doctor) will certainly know the ways on how to diagnose celiac disease in adults and will tell you to undergo a proper diagnosis process before you are deemed riddled with celiac disease. Some say that the consultation fee is not that expensive, but I am inclined to disagree on that topic. 

blood-tests

Second, the doctor will tell you to undergo this process

If the doctor told you that you are showing signs of celiac disease, the doctor will then tell you about how to diagnose celiac disease blood test (but the doctor is still the one doing the diagnosis). You are free to listen to the doctor or you can just let good doctor poke some holes in your body with a needle and have a few of your blood sucked. The doctor will then test your blood for any signs of celiac disease.

If she or he founds it, then you will be told to undergo something called the intestinal biopsy. This process is pretty basic. The autoimmunity within the intestine will be checked, and only by then you can know precisely whether or not celiac disease is present in the body.

The diagnosing process is not a long process, but it can be tiring for some people. Be sure to prepare your body before you undergo the diagnosing process. Hope this answers your ‘how to diagnose celiac disease’ question, guys.

Types of Effects of Celiac Disease Might be Experienced by Sufferer

Effects of celiac disease can be experienced by those who are at risk. Since celiac disease is considered as genetic disorder those who have family member with this disease have higher risk to experience the same thing. However, genetic factor does not always make you automatically gets the disease. There are also other factors such as surgery and other stressful condition which can trigger the disease to develop. This condition might also occur during pregnancy which makes you difficult when not consuming foods with gluten. Celiac disease patient have the main problem with gluten. The effects of gluten on celiac disease is making the immune system attacking the lining in small intestine. This condition leads to severe damage to the digestive system. Avoiding gluten diet is known to be an effective prevention so far. When you can remove the gluten, the small intestine will heal continuously. 

Effects of celiac disease if it is untreated

These are various problems which might happen if celiac disease does not treat properly. Lactose intolerant becomes one example of problems which may occur. This condition refers a small intestine which cannot digest lactose properly. Other effects of celiac disease on the body are vitamin and mineral deficiencies. People with celiac problem, their small intestine are damaged. It is the lead to a condition when vitamins and mineral cannot be absorbed properly. If the disease is not treated, someone might be deficient from iron, calcium, magnesium, folat, or many other types of minerals.  Celiac disorder also causes effect into bone health such as osteoporosis and osteopenia. When your body is deficient is calcium, it loses the strength of bone. Besides, if the small intestine doesn’t heal and calcium continues to lose, you might experience low bone density or medically known as osteopenia as well as develop osteoporosis if the bone developed into weaker condition. One of negative effects of celiac disease is someone developed anemia due to iron deficiency. Your body requires iron to produce red blood cells that used to transport oxygen into the body. Low amount of iron means that your bloods do not have enough oxygen which causes you exhausted easily and difficulty to breath. Those who are intolerant to gluten containing foods also might have problem with fertility. If the disease remains uncontrolled, women may have difficulty for conceiving and if they are pregnant, they have higher risk of getting miscarriage. 

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Celiac disease complications in children

A child who suffers from celiac disease which hasn’t successfully diagnosed by the doctors might have small body and underweight. There is also possibility for them to have weak tooth enamel and certain condition namely intussusception. It is makes the intestines on children could fold in on their own. This health problem also affects children development so that those having celiac problem might have chance of delay into puberty. Hence, the earlier children get diagnosed, the better it is since the doctors can suggest them to consume gluten-free diet. This will be effective to prevent the development of serious effects of celiac disease.

Treatment Tips: How to Treat Celiac Disease?

Treating celiac disease can be something that is a bit confusing, so when people ask me how to treat celiac disease, I usually give them a thing or two to work on if they have that particular malady. Celiac disease is not a disease that is easy to treat, nor it is a disease that is incurable by any means. While it has many severe and discomforting drawbacks, celiac disease is by no means ‘that’ deadly. It can kill you, just like any diseases, but if you treat it right, it will go away. But if you leave the thing at your body for far too long, dire consequences will visit you, and you will never like that.

That is why you will need this article. This article, especially made for people with celiac disease or people whose close relatives are struck by celiac disease, will help you know about the things you need to do to treat celiac disease.

Because time is a wasting, let us begin with the first thing you need to know about treating celiac disease: 

Treating it naturally

Some of you might ask about how to treat celiac disease naturally and how to treat it at home. I do not know about the specific home-found herbs and vegetables you can use to cure yourself of celiac disease, but I do know one thing: preventing celiac disease symptoms from striking you is even more important than curing it. If the symptoms are already present, you need to find out how to treat celiac disease symptoms elsewhere, but if you have not showed any indication of getting celiac disease and you feel like you have one, you should do this one thing I have in mind:

Avoid products containing gluten at all cost.

Celiac disease is caused by a weak autoimmune system stemming from a weak bloodline (no I will not apologize for stating the truth). That weak autoimmune system will get agitated when something with gluten comes close to it, hence striking you with celiac disease (be mindful that there are people with gluten sensitivity there are people with celiac disease. Being gluten sensitive does not mean you have celiac disease). 

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How long does it take to treat celiac disease?

Ah, this one question is a question that I would like to avoid because the answer is nothing good.

Because celiac disease is a disease that is chronic and it attacks your autoimmune system, there is no ‘permanent’ cure to the thing. It will stick with you forever and the only thing you can do is to alleviate its symptoms. Alleviating the symptoms is pretty easy: just avoid eating gluten food and food containing animal proteins in it (this is still debatable, but I do believe you should avoid it). While you are at it, you can also go full vegan and hope that the malady will not strike you down.

It will be hard, and the road on how to treat coeliac disease is not an easy road to take, especially knowing that you have to go vegan and have to leave all of those juicy and succulent meat. I do not know about you guys, but if I’m forced to go vegan, I might as well retreat to the closest monastery and stay as a solitary monk over there.

That is all about today’s article, mates. If your friends ever look for an article on how to treat celiac disease, be sure to point them out to this article, yes?

What Triggers Celiac Disease?

What triggers celiac disease are various. Celiac disease is an illness which attack the immune system of a body and it causes the damage in small intestines. The surface of the small intestines changes because the consumption of foods that contain gluten. The effect is, the body hardly absorb the nutrition from foods, especially folate, iron, fats, and calcium.

What Causes Celiac Disease?

Normal condition of system immune will produce antibody in order to protect body from the attack of microorganism. But in the case of celiac disease, when the patient consume gluten, it will stimulate the immune system to produce antibody which attack the gluten. It is because the immune system wrongly recognize gluten as the threat for body.

In the surface of small intestines, there are tissues just like hairs, which are called villi. The antibody produced is able to damage the wall of small intestines where the villi automatically sticks. When the antibody attacks, it will cause an inflammation in the small intestines, then damage the villi. Villi has the function to absorb the nutrition from the foods consumed. When the villi is damaged, then the process of absorbing the nutrition is not maximized. This kind of condition makes the person lack of nutrition or usually called as malnutrition.

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The cause why antibody attacks the tissues or organ of the body is not found yet. There are just some factors which trigger celiac disease, mentioned by some medical experts. Such as genetic factors, infection in digestion system such as infection of rotavirus. Specific illness such as Diabetes type 1, down syndrome, turner syndrome, and sjogren syndrome is also able to be the answer of what causes celiac disease.

How Celiac Disease is diagnosed?

In order to diagnose celiac disease, the doctor will collect the data and information from the patient by asking the history of health of the patient and family, and also the symptoms that the patient feels. To make sure the diagnose, the doctor will do some medical checking, such as:

    1. Blood test in order to know the level of antibody which are produced in giving response to gluten.
    2. Biopsy which is done through endoscope by insertion of a device through the mouth into the small intestines to take sample from the intestinal tissue.
    3. Capsule endoscope by swallowing something like capsule which is equipped with wireless camera in order to get the real picture of small intestines.
    4. Skin biopsy is done if the patient experience dermatitis herpetiformis. Dermatitis herpetiformis is one of the symptoms of celiac disease where the patient has itchy rash in their skins.
    5. Dexa scan is done if the patient has the problem with bone density.

Patient with celiac disease needs to do program of gluten free diet. They need to avoid any kinds of foods which contain gluten. What celiac disease can eat are cheese, butter, fish, potatoes, meats, fruits, vegetables, and any kinds of foods which do not contain gluten. Those foods are not included in what triggers celiac disease.

Is Celiac Disease Genetic?

Is celiac disease genetic? Celiac disease or also called as Celiac Sprue, is the condition where the digestion system of the body intoleranta gluten. This kind of condition cause nuisance that makes the body of people with celiac disease cannot perfectly absorb the nutrition from the foods they consume, it is usually called as malabsorption. In the end, this kind of condition causes various nuisance the function of the body. So, is celiac disease really genetic? Here are some information.

Factors that Cause Celiac Disease

There are some factors that makes people get celiac disease, one of them is genetic factor. People who have family members with celiac disease get a high level of risk of getting this kind of disease. It is because celiac disease is able to be included in genetic disorder. So that they need to be more careful at keeping what they consume and also their lifestyles. There are also other factors of people getting celiac disease besides genetic factor. The first is the factor of environment. If a person has experienced infection in her or his digestion system such as rotavirus infection, he or she has a bigger risk to get celiac disease. The next factor is health factor. Some illness such as Diabetes Type 1, illness of autoimmune, Down Syndrome, Sjogren Syndrome, and Turner Syndrome is able to increase the risk of getting celiac disease for a person. So if you ask is celiac disease genetic of hereditary, the answer is yes. 

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How to Treat Celiac Disease

In order to treat celiac disease, diet or changing dietary habit is one of the keys. Because until now, there is no method of treatment found yet, which is able to cure celiac disease. But there are some specific ways which are able to be done to make the body of people with celiac disease becomes better.

Specific diet in this case means the people with celiac disease need to limit or even avoid any kinds of foods that contain gluten. Or it is able to be called gluten free diet. Some people with celiac disease may need specific supplements in order to increase the nutrition content in their bodies. And in order to control the symptoms of celiac disease, some specific medicines are also given by doctors according to the condition of the patient.

There are also other treatments which can be done:

    1. Diet planning is able to be helped by nutritionist. Usually the patient will be asked to consume healthy foods which are free from gluten such as fish, butter, cheese, and meats.
    2. For babies with celiac disease, foods which contain gluten should not be given before the babies enter 6 months old.
    3. If it is needed, the people with celiac disease need to consume food supplements, in order to prevent their bodies from lack of nutrition.
    4. The celiac disease patient still need to do gluten free diet since the disease is able to relapse.

Above is the answer of is celiac disease genetic.

Some Symptoms of Celiac in Adults

Symptoms of celiac in adults may be different than the symptoms in babies. Celiac disease is a condition where the digestion system of a person experience negative reactions when the person consume gluten. Celiac disease is not a body allergy to gluten. It is the autoimmune condition where the body is wrongly recognized gluten as a threat for the body. So that the immune system of the body attack it and affect the healthy part of the body. If the immune system continuously attack the healthy part of the body, it is able to cause inflammation that damage wall intestines. And in the end, it is able to bother the function of the body to absorb of nutrition from foods. Here are some symptoms of celiac in adults.

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The Symptoms of Celiac Disease

Symptom is something which is felt by the sufferer. And the most common symptoms of celiac disease is diarrhea. This kind of symptom happens both in adults and babies who suffer celiac disease. It is because the digestion system of the sufferer is not able to perfectly absorb nutrition from the foods they eat. It is called as malabsorption.

Because the body is not able to perfectly absorb nutrition, it makes the feces contain a high level of fats. The feces released by people with celiac disease will smell really stink, oily, and also frothy. There are also other symptoms of adults with celiac disease :

    1. Pain in the stomach.
    2. The changing of frequency of defecate.
    3. The changing of color and form of the feces.
    4. Weight loss. This symptom also happens in babies with celiac disease and is seen more in babies because they look smaller for their ages.
    5. Tingling and numbness at the tips of fingers and toes, it is because the damage to the nervous system.
    6. Swelling of the hands, arms and legs, and soles of the feet. It is because the accumulation of fluid in the body tissues of people with celiac disease.
    7. Damage to the tooth layer and also bone density.
Treatments of Celiac Disease in Adults

To overcome celiac disease, the doctor usually suggests the sufferer to avoid any kinds of foods that contain gluten by doing program of diet gluten free. It is done in order to prevent the damage of intestinal wall and the symptoms of diarrhea and pain in the stomach. People with celiac disease are still allowed to consume foods which does not contain gluten such as fish, fruits, vegetables, butters, milk, cheese, and potatoes.

Program of diet gluten free is also able to relieve the symptom of itchy rash or dermatitis herpetiformis from the skin of people with celiac disease. But it needs to be added with some medicines. Some doctors usually prescribe medicines of steroids in order to relieve the inflammation of small intestines. Those are the treatments that need to be done to people with celiac disease and the symptoms of celiac in adults.