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It is well known that in many ways there is an interaction between the diet and the aging process. Nutritional problems of the elderly population are increasing due to susceptibility to chronic diseases. Deteriorating organ functions can affect metabolism, digestion, absorption of nutrients and excretion. Eighty percent of people over the age of 65 suffer from at least one chronic disease and diet plays a significant role in the prevention and recovery of a disease. For this reason, the importance of nutrition for the elderly should by no means be undervalued.

Energy demand changes with aging due to a higher body fat percentage and lower levels of lean muscle tissue. Decreased activity can lead to a further decline in calorie requirements. The challenge is to meet the same nutritional needs as at a young age while consuming fewer calories. The solution lies in the selection of nutrient-rich foods with a high nutrient density per calorie. The protein requirement does not change significantly in older adults, although the demand for protein may vary due to impairments or diseases.

Pay attention to the reduced fat content in food

It is advisable for older people to pay attention to a reduced total fat content in the diet. Desirable is a daily calorie intake, which does not consist of more than 30% fat. 60% of all calories should be covered by the supply of carbohydrates. The focus should be on complex, natural carbohydrates, as they contain many vital substances. Glucose tolerance decreases with age, and a lower intake of refined carbohydrates puts less strain on your body.

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High-fiber diet

Also, a high-fiber diet is recommended. Dietary fiber is found only in plant foods and, with adequate hydration, provides normal bowel function. In addition, it is believed that the high-fiber diet can reduce intestinal inflammation. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, grains, seeds, legumes, and nuts are excellent sources of fiber.

The fluid requirement in old age

Water is the most important thing, especially for seniors, because the water content of the body decreases as you get older. Water fulfills many essential functions. Adequate water supply relieves the function of the kidneys, as the kidney function tends to decrease with age. Drinking 5-8 glasses or at least 1.5 liters of water daily is recommended. However, not only does the fluid need to be covered with water, but it also contains water in other beverages, such as tea, coffee, and juice spritzers. Older people often do not have a pronounced thirst and dehydration easily, so the water intake should be habitual and not be waiting until the thirsty. It is important that the nutrition for the elderly also the correct amount of drinking is taken into account.

Declining odor and taste

The gradual decrease in the sense of smell and taste over the course of one’s age can affect the appetite, as the food no longer seems so tasty. As a result, older people often tend to sweeten and spice up their food. However, increased consumption of salt and sugar should be avoided at all costs, and herbs and other spices should be used instead.

Problems when shopping

Also, the loss of vision may prove to be a hindrance in the context of nutrition in old age. Older people often find it difficult to read food prices and small-print nutritional and descriptive information when shopping. In addition, many do not understand the information on the food packaging and therefore can not assess whether a product is beneficial to their health. Although these restrictions generally do not have a general effect, they may affect the ability to eat healthily.

Vitamins Minerals and trace elements

If medications are used to control certain diseases, such as high blood pressure or heart disease, the need for electrolytes, sodium, and potassium in the elderly may be altered and the diet should be adjusted to these changing needs.

Osteoporosis prevention

Vitamin D is important for bone health. Just like calcium and vitamin K, vitamin D has a preventive effect on osteoporosis. Older people often have a vitamin D deficiency. Since vitamin D is mainly formed by the sunlight in the body, you can prevent a deficiency by sufficient sunlight. Vitamin D is also found in richer types of sea fish, liver, egg yolks, and dairy products. In some cases, the intake of vitamin D supplements may be appropriate.

Vitamin B12

There is also a lack of vitamin B12 (also known as cobalamin) in older adults. This is often due to impaired absorption of vitamin B12 due to stomach or bowel disease or drug use. In some cases, artificial vitamin B12 intake may be required. Vitamin B12 is important for various essential metabolic processes in the body and for the formation of red blood cells. In addition, vitamin B12 ensures the proper functioning of the nervous system and a trouble-free and normal brain activity.

Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause various neurological symptoms, including memory and dementia, vision impairment, and sensory disorders.

Teflon-coated cookware now looks back on an approximately 50-year-old kitchen history. As for cooking professionals, chefs and foodservice professionals, in particular, appreciate the practical pot and pan coating, as it makes burnt and glued food almost impossible. What’s more, Teflon makes it easier to clean – a definite advantage in a profession where there is a lot of dirt and high time pressure when preparing different foods. Despite all the positive benefits, however, the possible health problems that may possibly arise from Teflon coatings are often hotly debated. The circumstances that cause these health concerns are discussed in more detail below.

Long-lasting pollutants and their health effects

The term Teflon per se in chemistry refers to the plastic polymer polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which consists of fluorine and carbon. In particular, the commercial name was registered by DuPont, a US chemical company founded in 1802 as an explosives company. Throughout the history of the company, DuPont has been involved in other areas of chemical, energy and material production and is now one of the largest chemical companies in the world. From agriculture, nutrition, health, electronics and textiles to the construction industry, DuPont products are now to be found in all areas – including in the gastronomy sector. However, it is also the success story based on chemical manufacturing that is calling for Teflon’s health and environmental protection organizations. And rightly so, because Teflon is one of the so-called fluoropolymers, a special group of chemical compounds for whose industrial production perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is needed.

Synthetically produced perfluorooctanoic acid is one of the perfluorinated surfactants (PFTs), a range of long-lasting organic pollutants that can not be broken down by nature. They are used in chemistry-based industries in all kinds of fields, such as in

  • The photographic and paper industry (production of dirt and water repellent surfaces)
  • Electroplating (metal processing)
  • Aeronautical Engineering (Object Coatings)
  • The textile industry (production of outdoor clothing)

However, the versatility of perfluorooctanoic acid often misleads the danger that surfactants have for years been in dire suspicion of being harmful to health. Already in 2006 allegations were made by Greenpeace, which pointed to the health risks of the substances. For their study “Beware of chips: hot, greasy and poisonous”, the organization examined French fries from several German cities and found in all samples questionable residues of dangerous surfactants, which are said to damage long-term genetic material, as well as carcinogenic properties. In the same year, Greenpeace also drew attention to the dangerously high PFT content of the Bavarian river Alz, which is heavily polluted with chemicals due to wastewater from the nearby Gendorf industrial park. Even the Federal Environment Agency could not completely exclude the genotoxic and biotoxic dangers of PFT in its opinion at that time, which proves that perfluorinated substances, as they are also found in Teflon, literally with caution.

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What scratched the image of the Teflon pan

What makes Teflon-containing polytetrafluoroethylene so dangerous for consumers is primarily the high cooking temperatures. The result is based on researchers from the Environmental Working Group (EWG) who, contrary to statements by DuPont, discovered that the polymeric coating cannot easily withstand temperatures up to 260 ° C without toxic fumes. In fact, the Teflon separated toxic particles from a constant heat input of 237 ° C and took no more than two to five minutes for this reaction. What this emanation of the cookware can do is extremely alarming:

  • Organ damage in humans and animals:

Since the toxins contained in Teflon cannot be broken down by nature and the body, they permanently deposit in the organs and cause a creeping poisoning of the entire organism. The toxic effect can increase the risk of tumor formation in animals as well as in humans, adversely affect thyroid function or damage the immune system and the reproductive organs.

  • the increased mortality rate in animals:

In particular, ornamental birds kept indoors, such as canaries, are the first to feel the health risk posed by PTFE vapors. Since their sensitive organism, especially the respiratory system, are extremely sensitive to pollutants, a PTFE poisoning can have deadly consequences for the feathered friends within a very short time. Similar effects have been observed by Greenpeace on fish stocks in Alz.

  • Malformations in newborns:

Similar to radioactive radiation, it has been proven that PTFE also has a very dangerous effect on the genetic material. However, a 1981 in-house study that found that children of DuPont employees who came into contact with perfluorooctanoic acid, an increased malformation rate had, but was concealed by the Group.

A toxic conclusion

Given all these risks and the fact that in America already 95% of the population carry high levels of PTFE in their blood, Teflon coated cookware does not really seem to be the best choice. Therefore, put your own and your children’s health in front of the uncomplicated cooking and resort to traditional pans and pots. If you

Many people, both men, and women suffer from hair loss and associated cosmetic changes. But hair loss is not equal to hair loss: While the circular and the hereditary hair loss are characterized by the typical bald spots on the head, the hair fall in the so-called diffuse hair loss (alopecia) relatively evenly, so distributed over the entire head. The causes for the thinning or even failing hair are manifold. For example, a vitamin, nutrition or mineral deficiency can lead to non-disease-related, diffuse hair loss.

Diffuse (non-illness) hair loss as a result of malnutrition

As with all growth processes in the human body, nutrition is also needed for the hair growth that takes place in the hair roots. For this reason, a balanced diet is essential for healthy and full hair growth. A lack of nutrients can, therefore, promote diffuse hair loss. Such malnutrition occurs, for example, when you eat very one-sidedly over a longer period of time or regularly expose your body to radical diets or even starvation diets. Stress can also be the cause of an unbalanced or inadequate diet. In some cases, a lack of important minerals (such as iron and zinc) is the consequence, which also affects the growth as well as the pigmentation and the structure of the hair.

These nutritions promote hair growth

Do not worry: Even if you always find a few hairs in the hairbrush, this is no reason to worry. Only when the inner balance z. B. sustainably disturbed by a lack of nutrients and you consequently lose significantly more hair than usual, maybe from excessive hair loss talk. Normal is a hair loss of up to 100 hairs per day. Our hair growth cycle consists of three phases, during which the hair regrows continuously and over time. After a 2-7-year growth phase, a transitional phase of about 3 weeks, in which the hair is no longer supplied with sufficient nutrients and thus stops the growth. During a subsequent resting period of about 3 months, the hair eventually falls out and the cycle begins again. By taking the following vitamins and foods regularly, you can support your hair growth and thus reduce hair loss with the right diet.

Vitamin H for hair loss

One of the vitamins responsible for hair growth is vitamin H, also called biotin. A biotin deficiency often leads to hair loss, whereas a targeted intake of this vitamin can provide a healthy hair texture and gives your hair extra shine. Biotin-containing foods include, for example :

  • Pasta and bread from whole grain
  • Oatmeal and wheat germ
  • brown rice
  • yeast
  • peanuts
  • soybeans
  • mushrooms
  • milk and milk products
  • egg yolk
  • Offal such as kidney and liver

Although biotin plays an important role in hair growth, the sole use of biotin (via food or dietary supplements) in many cases of hair loss is not enough to effectively counteract hair loss. Therefore, effective hair loss agents often contain other vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamins and nutrients. the valuable vitamin B5.

B vitamins for a healthy scalp

In addition to vitamin H, the vitamins of the B group (vitamins B3, B6, and vitamin B5) are of enormous importance for the health of your hair. Since hair loss is often caused by the fact that the hair roots, so to speak, “stop working” and the B vitamins are involved in the metabolism and regulation of cells, increased consumption of the following foods is recommended to keep the scalp healthy and prevent diffuse hair loss :

  • nuts
  • legumes
  • egg yolk
  • wheat germ
  • lean meat
  • yeast

But millet is also great for supplying B vitamins. Because of the variety of ingredients, millet extract is also used in some hair loss preparations.

Vitamin A and the active ingredient complex Baicapil can promote hair growth

Too much or too little vitamin A can hamper hair growth and promote hair loss. Vitamin A can be found in :

  • carrots
  • broccoli
  • spinach
  • butter
  • Fat cheese
  • liver

Keep in mind, however, that the human body can easily absorb the vitamin A contained in the vegetables in combination with fat. Therefore refine your carrot soup with a dash of oil or enjoy your spinach with a tablespoon of melted butter, so that your body is able to absorb the valuable vitamin better. Another way to support natural hair growth provides z. As well as special agents such as Baicapil. This is a mixture of different plants, one of which has been known for centuries from traditional Chinese medicine. This ingredient complex is nowadays used in cosmetics for hair loss.

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Important trace elements and minerals for healthy hair

To stay healthy, your hair is also dependent on certain minerals. These include, above all, the two trace elements of iron and zinc. An iron and zinc diet is therefore essential if you want to counter excessive hair loss.

Hair loss due to iron deficiency

Iron is one of the nutrients that are crucial for the energy and oxygen supply of the cells, so the consequences of iron deficiency should not be underestimated. Thus, a lack of iron, as it often occurs in the context of a vegetarian or vegan diet, if the missing amount is not specifically supplied or replaced, also negatively affect the hair. Even pregnant women are often affected by iron deficiency. Iron-containing foods such as fish and meat – especially offal and liver, should not be missing in your nutrition

Almonds are known to most people in the form of sweet marzipan or as part of cakes and pastries. Also candied or salted almonds are popular as a snack in between. Not quite so widespread is the knowledge of the nutritional importance and the diversity that lies in the nutritious kernels!

Not only can almonds be processed into liqueurs, puddings, spreads and delicious dessert sauces. Even as almond milk, the core of the inconspicuous drupe is becoming increasingly important. For people with protein intolerance and lactose intolerance or for vegans, it is, therefore, an ideal alternative to the supposedly indispensable cow’s milk.

Simply make almond milk yourself

To produce the versatile almond milk only a part of almonds and two parts of water are needed as starting raw materials. From 250 grams of almonds and 500 milliliters of water can thus produce 750 milliliters of almond milk. The almonds can be pre-soaked overnight and then skinned. For a sweeter flavor provide pitted dates.

Almonds and dates are minced with the food processor, blender or blender to a fine pulp and mixed with the appropriate amount of water. If the mixture shows a milky-white, homogeneous texture, almond milk can be passed through a fine sieve or cloth to strain the solid ingredients. Afterward, the almond milk is ready for immediate consumption or further processing as desired.

Possible uses of almond milk

Whether vegans, allergy sufferers or people with special nutritional requirements: almond milk enriches every menu in a variety and healthy way because basically the milk from the almond can be used as well as their “animal” counterpart. Milkshakes, desserts, and mueslis can be prepared from almond milk, as well as fruit shakes, yogurt variations, and sweet creams, and even coffee makes almond milk an aromatic treat.

For the preparation of delicious milk drinks, almond milk can be mixed with commercial drinking cocoa or flavored with cinnamon or natural vanilla. But not only sweet delicacies can be made from the almond milk. Spicy dips, white herbal or “cream sauces” and even almond milk aioli are also possible. When used for savory dishes almond milk can also be used in an unsweetened form.

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Nutritional Value of almond milk compared to cow’s milk

Although cow’s milk is quite healthy. In highly processed form, however, many dairy products today are sweetened too much or provided with artificial flavors, dyes, and other additives.

Also, the basis of our modern dairy production – factory farming – raises ethical questions that are driving more and more people to consciously avoid cow’s milk. Last but not least, one’s own well-being forces many people to avoid cow’s milk. Whether lactose intolerance or protein allergy – even in the context of a dietary diet, almond milk is a tasty and wholesome alternative.

Thus, the dates used as a “sweetener” are more digestible than lactose and provide not only fast energy but also vital ingredients such as iron, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, copper and various minerals that support the body’s metabolism.

As a purely herbal product, almond milk also contains no saturated fatty acids, but simply or polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as omega 6 and omega 9. In addition, the amino acids contained are optimally absorbed by the body and help build muscle and tissue.

As an unencumbered natural product, it is much more than just a “milk substitute”!

Respiratory Diseases As the days get shorter again and autumn and winter bring down cold, wind and rain, our immune system is under heavy strain. Added to this is dry heating air, which irritates and dehydrates our mucous membranes.

In the winter, many people bustle together in warm, closed rooms, buses, and subways, which increases the risk of infection.

So bacteria and viruses are particularly easy to penetrate our body. When many people gather in warm, closed rooms, buses and subways in winter, the risk of infection is also increased: winter time is therefore also the time of acute respiratory infections. The spectrum ranges from a simple cold over the real flu to acute bronchitis or adult pneumonia.

The most harmless form of respiratory infections is a cold. Incidentally, it is sometimes referred to as a flu infection. Compared to the real flu but it runs harmless. Predominantly, a cold is triggered by viruses that affect the upper respiratory tract. Therefore, treatment with bactericidal antibiotics does not help here either. Usually, the disease begins two to four days after infection by droplet infection and usually lasts at most one week.

Typical signs of real influenza, influenza, are sudden high fever, dry cough, muscle and headache, and fatigue. The flu outbreaks that pass through Germany every winter are caused by influenza viruses. A vaccine can protect against infection. However, you should get vaccinated again every year against the flu, because the viruses are very versatile and the vaccine must be adjusted regularly. The Robert Koch Institute recommends vaccinations especially for pregnant women, elderly people and people with chronic illnesses.

If the pathogen penetrates deeper into the respiratory tract, as a result of a cold or flu, the mucous membranes of the bronchi can also become acutely inflamed. One speaks then of acute bronchitis. In more than 90 percent of cases, viruses are the trigger, rarely bacteria. Since acute bronchitis can also become chronic, it is important to treat this condition properly and adequately.

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One of the most serious respiratory infections is pneumonia. The most common causes of the disease are bacteria of the species Streptococcus pneumoniae. But other bacteria, viruses or fungi can lead to inflammation of the lung tissue. The treachery of pneumococcal pneumonia is that it can often lead to very severe symptoms without warning. It is also possible to get vaccinated against pneumococci, as in the case of influenza, people from risk groups are recommended to have a vaccine.

In recent years, the number of whooping cough cases increased again. This is mainly due to the fact that the vaccine against this highly infectious disease gradually decreases and adults would have to refresh him. Pertussis, like a whooping cough in technical language, is called, is a bacterial infection. The disease can be very tedious and life-threatening especially for small children. It begins as a harmless cold with a cold and cough, but changes in the course of the typical bouts of attacks of coughing that occur especially at night.

The bacterial infectious disease that still causes most deaths worldwide is tuberculosis. In 2014, about 9.6 million people worldwide fell ill. In Germany, the rate of newly diagnosed tuberculosis infections is comparatively low, but in 2015 the Robert Koch Institute observed an increase to 5,865 cases compared to 4,533 cases in the previous year. Above all, people whose immune system is weakened are at risk. Contagion occurs through close contact with patients, usually by droplet infection via the lungs. In most cases, the body succeeds in successfully controlling the bacteria or isolating them. These inflammatory sites (tubercles), which are enclosed by the immune system, can be visualized on the x-ray and also give their name to the disease. An infection can now be treated well with a combination of antibiotics, however, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis pathogens have been a growing problem in recent years.

Inflammation in the lungs naturally also plays a central role in chronic lung diseases such as asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Introduction

Blood pressure is the measurement of the power of your blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Their blood vessels are the arteries, veins, and capillaries. Blood pressure is an important concept as it helps to drive up the oxygen and nutrients that your body needs to survive throughout your system. Unfortunately, when the blood pressure becomes too high, it can potentially damage the blood vessels. Two substances that can contribute to higher blood pressure, if not used in moderation, are alcohol and caffeine.

Alcohol

According to the American Heart Association, drinking alcohol in moderation can potentially have a positive effect on your heart. However, “in moderation” means only one or two drinks a day for men and only one drink a day for women. Once you start consuming more than these, your blood pressure can begin to be adversely affected. Alcohol first does this by disrupting blood flow to the heart by removing nutrient-rich blood from the heart. Alcohol is also high in calories, resulting in obesity, which in turn also raises blood pressure levels. According to the Mayo Clinic, if you are currently taking antihypertensive medication, alcohol can interfere with their ability to work, putting you at an even higher risk of dangerously high blood pressure.

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Caffeine

Caffeine can also be beneficial in moderation. According to men’s health, caffeine can help actively activate dopamine molecules and can also help fight off Alzheimer’s. But just like alcohol, when not used in moderation, caffeine can also have harmful effects on your blood pressure. Caffeine affects the blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels. It does this by binding with adenosine receptors in the body, which blocks the possibility of properly functioning adenosine. Adenosine is a hormone that is partially responsible for helping keep blood vessels far enough for blood to pass through easily. Caffeine also stimulates the release of adrenaline and adrenal cortisol. One of the side effects of releasing these chemicals into the bloodstream is an increase in blood pressure.

Again and again, the spread of intestinal fungi is discussed and discussed. Before going into the topic of “nutrition in intestinal fungus”, first a few basic explanations about possible complaints and causes of the spread of intestinal fungi. Often the intestinal fungus is not localized or as the cause of complaints such. As flatulence and abdominal pain, indigestion, diarrhea, heartburn, allergies, and acne, it remains unnoticed.

Medicine and research suggest that intestinal fungus called Candida albicans meddles on the intestinal mucosa of 60 to 80 percent of all humans. If the biological balance in the intestine is correct and there is no excessive spread of the fungus, then it has no adverse effect on our well-being and our health. Problems arise in that the intestinal fungus disproportionately spread and the intestinal flora is disturbed. The reason for this can be e.g. a weakened or disturbed immune system or the administration of antibiotics.

Nutrition in intestinal fungus – what do you have to look for in a bowel fungus diet?

Patients who are already suffering from excessive intestinal infections, but also people who want to prevent the excessive spread of intestinal fungi can create by adhering to some nutritional rules, the basis for a healthy intestinal flora and counteract the development and spread of intestinal fungi.

Main rules of nutrition in intestinal fungus / Candida Albicans

The top priority is that intestinal fungi can love and use sugar in every form. Thus, you should avoid sugar in any form or omit completely. Caution is also required with dietetic foods. Although they contain no sugar, they are made with sugars such as maltose, which in turn favor the fungus. Without sugar, of course, also means without fructose, maple syrup or honey. Even sweet drinks contain amounts of fructose. During a fungal attack you should, therefore, abstain from lemonades or sweet juices. Of course, as fruits contain sugar as well, it is essential to consume only sour types of fruit such as apples and grapefruit. High fructose fruits such as grapes, plums, bananas, and pears should be removed from the diet during fungal infestations.

You should definitely refrain from eating white flour products. These include white bread, light bread rolls or baguettes. Also, yeast pastry is in the time of a fungal infection of the intestine necessarily banish from the diet.

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Foods that do not like intestinal fungi

Of course, there are also foods that do not like intestinal fungi. These include salads and raw food. Also, vegetables are among the suggested foods in the diet during a fungal attack. Here you can choose freely among all types of vegetables. Every type of salad and vegetable prevents the growth of the fungus through herbal ingredients. Artichokes, radish or cauliflower have a particularly favorable effect. You can also consume tomatoes, leeks or onions.

We recommend wholegrain products of all kinds, as they contain fiber, minerals, vitamins and trace elements that are good for the intestinal flora and intestinal mucosa.

Also suitable for nutrition in intestinal fungus legumes, they are also rich in fiber, contain high-quality proteins and plant substances to support the intestinal flora. Whole grain rice, potatoes or wholemeal pasta are also suitable foods for Candida.

You do not have to do without eating meat or fish. Fats and oils are also harmless.

For lovers of dairy products, there are also no restrictions. Especially dairy products such as natural yogurt with live Lactobacillus cultures are recommended as they provide a healthy intestinal environment. Also in sauerkraut lactic acid bacteria are included, which are good for the intestinal flora. Alcohol consumption should be avoided during a bowel fungus diet.

An important tip to conclude: Under no circumstances should you try a zero diet because the fungus could change, as a result, becomes more aggressive and attacks the tissue.

There are countless tips on weight loss, and many of them may already be familiar to most. “Change your diet to whole foods. Make sure you use more energy. Interval training with heavy weights is more effective than extensive cardio training “, etc. The list of advice could be endless. The tips and tricks presented here are intended for those who want to lose weight in a healthy way, regardless of whether you are already fit for good habits and want to reach the next level or just start losing weight.

  1. Ensure adequate hydration

How do you do that best? Just get used to drinking a glass of water in the morning and always before eating, and drink enough between meals. You should never feel thirsty.

  1. Avoid carbohydrates in the morning

There are many different theories about carbohydrate timing. You’ve probably heard that most carbohydrates should be taken in the morning, as the body needs to be refueled and needs new energy. Although this sounds logical in theory, it is not 100% correct in the end. Try to start your day with proteins for a week instead of carbohydrates.

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  1. Home remedy for belly fat

Many choose the wrong way to reduce their belly fat. In doing so, many home remedies can reduce body fat, causing miracles, provided they are applied. Of course, some stamina and patience are required before the first results are achieved, but it is absolutely worthwhile. Some of these helpful home remedies for losing weight are: tomato, ginger and apple cider vinegar.

  1. Vitamin D and magnesium

In weight loss, vitamin D and magnesium play an important role. They are very important for the metabolic processes in the body. An undersupply makes weight loss difficult or even impossible. Apart from the fiber, the loss of weight in the project is a major shortcoming for most people in the supply of vitamins and minerals.

  1. Ensure a sufficient and restful sleep

When you are well rested and well rested, your body will produce less ghrelin (which is a predominantly gastric hormone that reduces energy expenditure and causes starvation). The lower limit: you will have less appetite and burn more calories.

If a clot clogs a vessel in the brain, it often has serious consequences for the patient. But the risks for a stroke can be influenced. What role do blood pressure, diet and exercise play? Sport can positively influence risk factors for stroke, for example, prevent high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.

It’s raining. Instead of the Alps in the Upper Bavarian Aschau all around today, only cloud mountains can be seen. No weather for a walk. Therese Schmid (66) is still on the way. “It can not always be the sun,” she says. Twice a week, she and her husband travel the distance from their home to the school. Not to learn, but because they are taking part in a study.

“Pressure down, activity up!” is the name of the prevention project in which older citizens from the village accompany children on their way to school. “Above all, we are interested in whether something can be done to combat high blood pressure – the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke,” says the prevention researcher. Birgit Böhm from the Technical University of Munich, who supervises the project.

The lifestyle plays an important role

Stroke is one of the biggest threats to health in Germany. Every year, it affects around 270,000 people. The circulatory disorder of the brain usually occurs when a vessel in the head is narrowed or closed. Rarer is a brain hemorrhage behind it. For those affected, the consequences are often dramatic. No other event is responsible for so many cases of disability. The acute treatment of stroke has made progress in recent years. Even more important is prevention.

“The studies clearly show that many risk factors can be well influenced by the individual lifestyle,” says Professor Bernhard Krämer, CEO of the German Society for Hypertension and Prevention. Which factors are, researchers examined the data from more than 13 000 stroke patients from 32 countries. The result of this so-called interstroke analysis: Nine out of ten attacks are directly or indirectly related to the lifestyle. Most would be avoidable.

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Prevention clarifies the risk factors of a stroke

Number one in the risk ranking is hypertension. The affected person is not always aware of this. Expert Krämer explains to patients that hypertension can damage the blood vessels throughout the body – including those in the brain. However, if you go against him, the stroke risk drops. “Ideally, patients with exercise, weight reduction, and a low-salt diet can bring about a significant improvement,” says Krämer. However, antihypertensive drugs are also often included.

When developing a stroke, various risk factors are closely linked. Lack of exercise, for example, also contributes to obesity. Both, in turn, promote diabetes and bad lipid levels – further risk factors for an attack. These connections are also in the Aschauer prevention project. Scientist Böhm works closely with a local pharmacy. “We advise people who have cardiovascular diseases here every day, so a healthy lifestyle and preventive care are very important to us,” says pharmacist Claudia Zangerl.

Together with Böhm, she organized two action days around the topic of cardiovascular health. Most of the study participants were found. “The willingness to talk about one’s own health is very high in the pharmacy, which is why prevention is in good hands there,” explains Böhm. Four times over the course of one and a half years, study participants are examined and their blood pressure is measured. Everyone gets an activity tracker that counts every step and monitors the heart rate. At least 10,000 steps a day, the subjects should go. Whether the values can be lowered – as hoped – will be demonstrated in the coming year.

These measures reduce the risk of stroke

  • Lower your blood pressure, For experts the most important step. Good values can reduce the risk by up to 40 percent.
  • Stop smoking, Every fifth attack could be avoided if patients overcome their nicotine addiction.
  • Eat healthy and balanced, Lots of vegetables, fruits, and fish, little salt – that protects the vessels. Another tip: drink little or no alcohol
  • Move enough, This benefits the cardiovascular system. In addition, the risk of hypertension, obesity and metabolic diseases decreases.

Risk factor atrial fibrillation: Listen to the heartbeat

But not all risk factors are as effective as hypertension. For example, atrial fibrillation also increases the risk. However, this widespread cardiac arrhythmia is often not discovered. “Cardiologists often do not see such patients until they have the first stroke,” says Dr. Philipp Sommer from the Heart Center Leipzig. When atrial fibrillation, the heart gets out of rhythm, it beats rhythmically and often clearly too fast. About 15 percent of all attacks are caused by it.

“Due to the irregular pumping activity, blood clots form in the heart, which in turn can block vessels in the brain,” explains expert Sommer. For a previous diagnosis, it would be important for people over 65 to “listen to their heart” more often. Because many sufferers feel the atrial fibrillation as a somewhat irregular, faster heartbeat. “You can then feel the pulse on your wrist and have any irregularities clarified,” explains Sommer. Sphygmomanometers also sometimes help to detect rhythm problems. “If the arrhythmia

Definition

Pulmonary embolism refers to the obstruction or fixing of blood clots (thromboses) in blood vessels of the lungs. Of the entrained blood clots, which are usually transported by the leg veins through the heart, the lungs are often affected. The blood clots in the arterial blood vessels (blood arterial embolism) of the lungs lead to blood and nutrient deficits in the affected blood vessels.

Root Cause

Risk groups, such as people with congenital blood clotting system disorders or people who are immobile, as well as those who are freshly operated, tend to thromboses and thus to embolisms. Obesity, smoking, birth control pills and certain medications can increase the risk of thrombosis. In some cases, blood clots that have formed in the heart may be responsible for pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms

Depending on the size of the blood clot, different symptoms may appear at different intervals. If the blood clot is small, it usually comes only to an atypical cough. Severe pulmonary embolism may include chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing (blood), sweating or anxiety. Also typical are the bluish discoloration of the skin, fingernails or lips, due to the lack of oxygen.

Diagnosis

After a detailed conversation on the history of the disease, special clinical and technical examinations can be carried out, i.a. Blood and oxygen saturation tests, ECG, X-ray and ultrasound examinations, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography and nuclear medicine examinations (scintigraphy).

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Therapy

The treatment of pulmonary embolism is usually to be initiated immediately after diagnosis, as this can be life-threatening. Depending on the form of the disease, conservative or surgical therapies may be initiated. Mostly anti-coagulant drugs are used, oxygen therapies initiated and bed rest prescribed. Within the so-called “lysis therapy” special lysis drugs can promote the dissolution of the blood clot. In congenital deficits, such as blood coagulation system damage, the therapy can be used for life or special operations performed.

Prevention

General preventive measures include early mobilization after surgery, avoiding too much bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of exercises. Especially on longer flights, you should make sure that you move the legs (feet) regularly so that it can come to no thrombosis. The airlines are usually familiar with the thrombosis risks on flights and provide information and suggestions. People with an increased risk of thrombosis will find comprehensive advice and preventative treatment at the doctor.

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