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The doctor can use the bronchoscope to examine the lungs and airways. In addition, the method helps in the treatment, for example, to extract viscous mucus. During lung reflection, the doctor introduces a bronchoscope into the airway via the mouth or nose. Modern bronchoscopes consist of a soft, flexible tube with a diameter of two to six millimeters. At the top of the tube sits a camera with the light source. This camera sends its images in real time to a monitor on which the doctor examines the patient’s airways.

In addition, the bronchoscope can inject and aspirate liquid and thereby perform a so-called bronchial lavage. In addition, very small pliers or brushes can be advanced through the tube and tissue samples taken. These biopsy specimens will be examined later by the doctor under a microscope. In addition, a miniature ultrasound head can image the environment of the airways.

For what reasons does the doctor perform a bronchoscopy?

A bronchoscopy may be necessary for both treatment and diagnosis, for example, if there is suspicion of lung cancer in the room or if treatment is to be scheduled for a known lung tumor. Doctors can also use this method to introduce radioactive substances into the lungs in order to irradiate tumors locally. Restrictions of the respiratory tract can be clarified by bronchoscopy. Similarly, the doctor can investigate reduced ventilation of partial areas of the lung, so-called atelectasis. With the lung reflection and bronchial lavage cells and germs can also be extracted from the lungs.

Doctors also use lung plasmas to look for and remove foreign bodies. In ventilated patients, the position of the breathing tube can also be corrected with it. In addition, secretions such as mucus plugs can be washed away with the bronchoscope and inserted so-called stents, which seemed to the airways from the inside and keep them open.

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How is an examination with the bronchoscope going?

On the day of the examination, the patient comes sober. He receives a spray that stuns the throat and suppresses the gagging. Then, the patient is virtually always injected with a short narcotic into the vein, so that he feels nothing at all from the examination. If necessary, sedatives are also used.

The doctor introduces the bronchoscope through the mouth or nose into the trachea. Afterward, he examines the mucous membrane of the airways, which can be imagined as a “bronchial tree” with more and more ramifications. The doctor examines all bronchi to a maximum of the third or fourth diversion. This usually takes 10 to 15 minutes. The airways themselves are insensitive to pain.

If a bronchial lavage is needed, the doctor injects about 20-100 milliliters of sterile fluid into the lower respiratory tract and then sucks it off. It extracts bacteria and cells from the surface of the respiratory tract and subsequently examines them in the laboratory.

After the examination, the patient should abstain from eating and drinking for about two hours until the anesthetic of the throat has subsided. Otherwise, there is a risk of swallowing. If the patient has been given tranquilizers or anesthesia, they are not allowed to drive the same day.

What other types of bronchoscopy are there?

In addition to the lung reflection with a flexible tube, there is still the investigation with a rigid tube. This tube can, for example, better remove foreign matter from the lungs. Even if a tumor severely restricts the airways, rigid bronchoscopy has advantages. Sometimes the doctor can remove tumors directly using laser devices or argon bombers. Argon beamer is coagulation devices that transfer energy via argon gas and soil the tissue two to three millimeters deep. The doctor uses them to destroy tissue and stop bleeding. If he has to use stents to stretch a constriction, it works better with the rigid bronchoscope.

Is a bronchoscopy dangerous?

The bronchoscope may cause nosebleeds or sore throat with difficulty swallowing, hoarseness or coughing, and very rarely injure the larynx. Even short-term fever sometimes occurs afterwards, especially in lavages. Severe incidents are very rare in bronchoscopy.

Removing the tissue samples may cause slight bleeding. Therefore, one should expect in the first two days that you abhustet blood to a small extent. Every now and then, the bleeding is so severe that they have to be breastfed by the endoscope.

In some cases, injury to the alveoli causes the lungs to leak and form a so-called pneumothorax. This means that air flows into space between the lungs and the surrounding lung cavity and causes the feeling of being short of air. Then, if necessary, the application of a chest tube is necessary: This plastic tube through the chest wall conveys the infiltrated air to the outside.

bronchoscope-to-examine-the-lungs

Possible exclusion reasons

Bronchoscopy can be problematic in generally very poor condition or serious comorbidities: If a heart failure or an acute

Pulmonary edema can be manifested by sudden onset of severe breathlessness, rattling breath and coughing attacks.

Causes: What causes pulmonary edema?

The cause of pulmonary edema is either an increase in pressure within the pulmonary vessels or an increase in the permeability of the pulmonary vascular walls. Sometimes combinations of both causes are present.

Cardiac Pulmonary Edema

When the pressure within the vessels increases, it is mostly due to heart disease. One speaks of a cardiac pulmonary edema. For example, a heart attack, an inflammation of the heart muscle, a disease of the coronary vessels or too high a blood pressure in pre-existing heart failure underlying.

These diseases weaken the left ventricle. As a result, they can not pump the oxygen-rich blood provided by the lungs fast enough into the body. The blood builds up in the pulmonary vein. The congestion increases the pressure on the blood vessels. As a result, blood fluid escapes from the vessels and is forced into the lung tissue. The walls of the blood vessels work like filters and allow only the liquid to pass.

The remaining blood components, such as red blood cells or other cells, are held back. The fluid first accumulates in the interstices of the cells and can then penetrate into the interior of the alveoli. As a result, they can perform their task increasingly poorly and oxygen uptake is becoming increasingly difficult.

Altitude Pulmonary Edema

A special feature of the pulmonary edema was the so-called high-altitude edema. It is triggered in mountain climbing at high altitude in the first two to three days by a combination of oxygen deficiency and low air pressure. The vessels contract and cause an increase in blood pressure, which overloads the left ventricle and creates a backlog.

Non-cardiac pulmonary edema

In non-cardiac pulmonary edema, the most common cause is damage to the membranes of the fine pulmonary capillaries. As a result, they lose part of their barrier function; blood fluid, together with smaller cell components, can penetrate into the tissue of the lung. The more effective the lymphatic vessels can initially remove the excess fluid, the slower the development of symptoms.

In most cases, ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) is the cause of membrane damage. In this case, the lungs react to massive damage, for example from infections with viruses, inhalation of toxic gases, medication, severe burns, serious cardiovascular shock or blood poisoning. Rarely, pulmonary embolism, overdose in anesthesia, or stroke can increase membrane permeability.

“Another cause is damage to the liver and kidneys, which leads to a drop in albumin in the blood – a specific blood protein,” says K√∂hler. Due to the lack of protein, the blood fluid cannot be kept in the necessary amount in the blood vessels and thus reaches the cell gap to the outside.

diagnose-pulmonary-edema

Diagnosis

For diagnosis, the doctor asks questions about the underlying and concomitant diseases of the heart, lungs and other organs. When listening to the lungs with the stethoscope rattling noises fall on, which sometimes are already audible with the naked ear. An x-ray examination can be used to determine whether water is actually in the lungs. Important indications for pulmonary edema include accelerated breathing, increased heart rate and blueing of the skin and mucous membranes. An ECG, echocardiography and other examinations target the underlying cause.

Therapy: How is pulmonary edema treated?

Pulmonary edema is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition requiring intensive medical treatment. Patients should be transported to the hospital as soon as possible. As a first measure, an upper body and lower legs are helpful. As a result, the blood flows back to the heart slower, so this is relieved.

Breathing can be assisted by the delivery of oxygen via a nasogastric tube or a mask. In an advanced stage, positive pressure ventilation, in some cases artificial respiration is necessary. Most patients are supplied with painkillers and tranquilizers.

Dehydrating medications (diuretics) ensure that the water drains from the tissue. This not only improves the oxygen exchange at the alveoli but also relieves the blood pressure by reducing the volume of fluid and thus reduces the burden on the heart. Drugs that dilate the vessels lower the pressure on the heart, improving the oxygen supply.

All other measures depend on the underlying cause. In case of height elevation edema, sufferers should descend as soon as possible. In addition, oxygen delivery, vasodilating drugs, and positive pressure ventilation may help.

Persistent coughing with sputum indicates chronic bronchitis. Smoking is the most important risk factor. Those who ignore the signs risk serious lung disease.

In short, what is chronic bronchitis?

Chronic bronchitis means that the bronchi are permanently inflamed. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), bronchitis is considered to be chronic if the symptoms of cough and sputum persist for two consecutive years for at least three months each year.

The bronchi are the continuation of the trachea. It divides into two main bronchi at the lower end. These lead the breathing air into the two lungs. There, the bronchi branch out ever finer until they end in the microscopic small alveoli, where the actual gas exchange, ie the vital intake of oxygen and release of carbon dioxide takes place.

Approximately ten percent of the population suffers from chronic bronchitis during their lifetime. Smoking is considered the biggest risk factor (colloquially “smoker’s cough”), but there are also many other triggers, which is why a reduction in smoking behavior falls short.

The most important therapy measure for smokers is the smoke stop. Various medications, adapted sports and special breathing techniques can help additionally.

Chronic bronchitis can lead to COPD – a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The airways are then permanently constricted and alveoli are broken down (emphysema).

Causes and risk factors: How does chronic bronchitis develop?

Risk of tobacco smoke: Smoking is the leading cause of chronic bronchitis. Tobacco smoke damages the respiratory tract in different ways: First, it destroys the cilia in the bronchial mucosa. These normally transport mucus and pollutant particles contained therein and thus exercise a cleaning function. On the other hand, tobacco smoke promotes inflammatory processes, weakens the immune system and causes more mucus to be formed in the bronchi. Especially at night while lying down secretions accumulate, which leads to a morning cough with sputum. Passive smoking also increases the risk of chronic bronchitis.

Air pollutants: Certain gases, dusts, and vapors pollute some people in the workplace. These pollutants can also cause lung problems and cause chronic bronchitis.

Common respiratory infections: Bacterial and viral infections are more common in chronic bronchitis. It often remains unclear whether they are the cause or the consequence of the respiratory disease.

Genetic causes: A certain genetic component can be identified in chronic bronchitis and its consequences. Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, which increases the risk of pulmonary emphysema and may be associated with symptoms of chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, where lung involvement often begins as chronic bronchitis, and ciliary disorder, in which mutations are either missing or defective, are well-characterized Formation of the cilia on the bronchial mucosa leads.

Other underlying diseases: Certain diseases are associated with chronic bronchitis. It is usually hard to recognize cause and impact. Examples are asthma, chronic sinusitis, and pulmonary tuberculosis. A hyperreactive bronchial system, as is typical in people with an allergy, may in rare cases favor chronic bronchitis.

Is chronic bronchitis contagious?

Chronic bronchitis is not intrinsically contagious – unlike acute bronchitis, which is often the case. If respiratory tract infections occur as part of chronic bronchitis, they can be contagious.

Symptoms: How is chronic bronchitis noticeable?

The classic symptom of chronic bronchitis is coughing with expectoration of viscous mucus. The cough occurs, especially in the morning.

Chronic bronchitis often begins insidiously and may initially go unnoticed. Because a clogged cough that lasts for a long time, sufferers often lead back to a supposedly harmless, perhaps “abducted” cold. They do not take the symptom seriously.

Chronic bronchitis can be fluent in COPD. If there is shortness of breath and tightness of the chest during physical exertion, this is a possible sign that COPD has already developed. However, there may be other causes behind such symptoms, such as angina pectoris.

Everything-About-Chronic-Bronchitis

When is a bronchitis chronic?

According to the WHO definition, it is chronic bronchitis if the symptoms of coughing and expectoration occur for two consecutive years for at least three months a year most days of the week.

What is an exacerbation?

Doctors speak of an exacerbation when the patient’s complaints suddenly worsen. This occurs especially in advanced disease and during the cold season. In the majority of cases, respiratory infections are the trigger. If very severe COPD is present, an exacerbation can be life-threatening.

Important: Take respiratory symptoms seriously. See the doctor if symptoms persist like coughing persistently or if shortness of breath occurs.

Chronic bronchitis: What are the consequences of the disease?

Anyone who is healthy breathes automatically – without thinking about what the lungs do. Some even blame the vital organ for exertions such as smoking. This can lead to mortal danger in diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract.

The human lungs: every day in adults, around 10 000 liters of air flow through.

Without realizing it, adult, healthy people breathe at rest about 12 to 16 times a minute. Each time, about half a liter of air flows through the airways into the lungs and out again.

Construction and location

Physicians refer to all parts of the body, which are traversed by the inhalation and exhalation of air as airways: Through the mouth and nose, the air passes through the throat into the trachea. The trachea lies behind the breastbone and divides in the thorax into a left and a right main bronchus. These lead together with the respective pulmonary vessels to the left or right lung.

The lung (Latin: Pulmo) is in fact paired. Each of the two lungs is supplied with its own blood vessels and, with the respective main bronchus, also has its own air supply, which enters the lungs together with the veins and arteries at the so-called pulmonary hilum. The left lung is slightly smaller than the right and consists of only two instead of three lobes because in its vicinity the heart is located and thus less space available. Each main bronchus divides according to the number of lung lobes in so-called lobe bronchi and then branches out into Segementbronchien and ever smaller bronchi and bronchioli until at the end of the small alveoli, the so-called alveoli.

They are the place where the lung performs its most important function, the gas exchange, giving the lung tissue its spongy appearance.

What are the job of the lungs and respiratory system?

The airways not only carry air into the lungs, but cilia on their walls also purify the air. Foreign matter such as bacteria and dust particles remain hanging in it and are transported along with the lying on the cilia on the pharynx throat direction. He is either swallowed unnoticed or – for example, if the cilia are unable to afford the transport – coughed off.

The most important task of the lung is the gas exchange. Since our body needs a lot of oxygen and has to excrete corresponding amounts of carbon dioxide, a large area is necessary for this. These provide the alveoli. They have very thin walls that almost directly border the blood vessels. This makes it possible for the oxygen from the respiratory air to pass through these walls into the oxygen-poor blood of the pulmonary vessels, while the carbon dioxide passes from the blood into the alveoli.

lungs-and-respiratory-diseases

Pulmonary and respiratory diseases

If the lungs become infected, it can hinder breathing and even have life-threatening consequences. It is not for nothing that lung and bronchial cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and pneumonia are among the ten leading causes of death in Germany. One of the most important risk factors for lung disease is smoking. Because tobacco smoke not only favors the development of malignant diseases such as lung cancer but also damages, among other things, the cilia, which transport phlegm and pathogens outside. This increases the risk of infection. Certain lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are very often the result of many years of smoking. If you want to do something good for your lungs, then you should do without cigarettes and similar tobacco products.

Liquid food from the cup is currently very much in vogue and fits perfectly into our time. But what about drinking food that pretends to replace a meal? Is this again hyped food replacement really something new or just another variant of protein and weight loss shakes? As a body-conscious and athletic person, I simply followed up on this question. Definitely different: The new generation of food powder shakes does not serve a specific niche, but is a true all-rounder. Liquid food goes well beyond muscle building or weight loss – behind meal replacement products is a complete nutritional concept that provides all the essential nutrients. One thing is clear to me: liquid food optimizes nutrition and keeps you physically and mentally fit.

Convinced by personal experience

At first, I asked myself: What – this purging powder from the bag should replace my meals? That is not how it works! That was before I tried it myself. In the meantime, I have been a convinced fan of food powder shakes for quite some time. Now I understand the hype about the food from the cup. As the? Quite simply: The liquid food fits my lifestyle and provides me with everything my body needs in concentrated form – with every meal. Otherwise, this could only ensure a carefully arranged menu.

That’s exactly my problem – and I’m certainly not an isolated case. Everyone knows the stress that is placed on them between work and free time – especially when, as I do, regular sports play an important role. Often there is no time to prepare a balanced and healthy meal for me. Too often, I used to go for fast food or snacks for lack of time – which is anything but nutritionally healthy. Today, the stirred cup of liquid food is the ideal replacement for a meal or snack in between.

Food replacement – a child of Silicon Valley

Like many other trends, the food replacement from the cup has swum over to us across the pond. Since the launch of Soylent’s first liquid formula in the US in 2013, a lot has changed in terms of meal replacement. No wonder – because the US startup kicked off a veritable hype. It’s no coincidence that the food powder shakes hit Silicon Valley like a (successful) bomb. The innovative meal replacement was the ideal problem solution for stressed-out digital workers, where time is a scarce commodity. Instead of fast-paced fast food, the drinking food now comes out of the cup on the table. This saves time and is still healthy. Because the liquid food from the bag contains all the important macro and micronutrients that make the organism powerful.

In Europe, too, there is an increasing demand for shakes that can completely replace a meal. In the meantime, this has called many competitors onto the scene in the food segment. Almost hard to keep track of the variety of providers. A wide range of nutritional powders and ready-made drinks are waiting for nutrition-conscious people who are looking for a healthy alternative to fast food & co, who want to lose weight more easily or simply want to optimize their diet.

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Guide to food powder shakes

On this page, I want to deal with the advantages and disadvantages of liquid food, provide general information and take a closer look at all aspects of astronaut food. In this context, I will also take a closer look at individual products. I’ve tasted them almost all – and there are always new to discover. Of course, the meal replacement is also available in the vegan version, gluten-free and as a bioproduct without genetic engineering.

Who can benefit from meal replacement?

The food shakes perfectly fit the motto: “Simplify your life” – in many ways. Especially health-conscious people, who have little time, save themselves the elaborate compilation of individual ingredients to ensure a balanced diet. Stop by studying lists that provide information on vitamins, minerals and trace elements in each food. With the drinking food, you can be sure to always take all the important nutrients.

Performance booster for everyday life and sports

Gold is worth the meal replacement in the professional life. For me as a digital worker in the IT industry, a quick snack in between that replenishes energy reserves and raises the power curve is simply ideal. It is hard to believe what power is in the food powder. For me, the meal replacement from the bag feels a bit like brain food. Somehow, a little later, I feel fitter, more alert and more efficient. Not only physically, but also in the head. Almost as if I had ignited a turbo.

Of course, as a passionate athlete, I appreciate the food powder shakes as a performance booster – which, by the way, are not heavy in the stomach. Above all, I can easily prepare the snack from the mug anywhere on the go. A spoon is enough for stirring and water – ready.

Losing weight – but healthy

But liquid food can also be an ideal companion for a diet. It puts an end to annoying calorie

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking addiction are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of the imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply, therefore, brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

Hypertension-and-Smoking-Addiction

The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

  • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
  • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
  • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet. The risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to a nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Everyone knows them and many have them – there is talk of a headache. Maybe right now when you’re reading, you’re literally blaring your skull. Or a slight pressure is spreading in the head that is uncomfortable and painful. The response of most sufferers is similar – they resort to known painkillers. However, this quick grip on medicines is not always your best bet. Why? The physicians distinguish several headache types – up to 200.

The reason for this large number is different distinguishing features or causes and symptoms of specific headache types. For example, headaches can be triggered by external stimuli, have a purely biological cause, are associated with illness or can also be caused by the intake of medication. Fact: Headache is not the same as headache.

Chronic or acute – when headaches torment us

You have probably also suffered from headaches over the past 12 months. This puts you in good company. According to a study, about 60 percent of the population in Germany suffer from headaches on a 12-month average. Women are much more affected. While the frequency varied between 50 and 55 percent in the male participants, it reached values between 65 percent and 70 percent among the female study participants. Particularly severe are the headache limitations for about five percent of the German population – suffering from a daily headache.

What are headaches but actually? In general, it is understood as meaning a pain sensation in the area of the skull, the meninges, the blood vessels as well as the brain and upper spinal nerves. Depending on the cause, it is referred to as a primary headache when the pain is the trigger of the condition. A secondary headache, on the other hand, is when the pain is caused by a disease or an organ condition (such as tumors).

And also with regard to appearance, the individual headache types differ. In some cases, they only appear acutely. Patients complain of discomfort for only a few hours to a few days. In contrast, a headache disorder can also occur chronically. Where exactly the dividing line lies differs from headache disease to headache disease. In a migraine and tension-type headache – the two most common clinical pictures – medics speak of chronic disease when the pain occurs on 15 days per month over a longer period (in tension-type headache over six months).

The different types of headache

Since headaches can be classified according to their origin in primary and secondary headache as well as the type of pain, a precise representation of the individual headache types is difficult. The most common and common types include tension-type headache and migraine. While the latter is described with recurrent attacks of pain, which may be accompanied by a pulsating and hemiplegic headache as well as photophobia, nausea, and vomiting, the tension-type headache is described as pulling-pushing and without the migraine-typical accompanying symptoms.

The so-called cluster headache (also known as Bing-Horton neuralgia) has repeatedly appeared in the media and medical literature over the past few years. Unlike the widespread tension-type headache, which manifests itself bilaterally, in the case of boring cluster headache, strong preference is given to one side of the head (in the area of the eye/temple). Patients also report extreme pain, which can begin shortly after falling asleep, in the morning or at lunchtime. Although the exact cause of a cluster headache is unclear, studies suggest hypothalamic involvement and activation of the trigeminal nerve. The latter is involved in a whole group of headaches – trigemino-autonomic headache disorders, which include not only cluster headaches but also SUNCT syndrome and paroxysmal hemicrania. Here is an overview of the most important headache types:

  • Tension headaches
  • Migraine
  • Cluster headache

Overview-Of-Headache-Types

In addition, modern medicine knows other types of headaches, such as:

  • Sexual headache (occurs more frequently in men during sexual intercourse)
  • Headache associated with the cervical spine
  • Headache

If you want to see spicy, you should eat carrots. A credo that persists even today in the minds of many consumers. One possible reason: It used to be thought that the macula lutea – the site of the sharpest vision – is made up of a pigment that beta-carotene is responsible for forming. The latter is also known to be contained in carrots.

Meanwhile, the opinion of medicine has changed in this regard. The pigment of the macula lutea consists of lutein (a carotenoid, which is also approved as a food coloring) and zeaxanthin (also an orange xanthophyll). Both act as filters in the eye – thus they have a protective function. The problem: The macula lutea is the starting point for various eye diseases that can cause considerable problems for you as a patient. Macular degeneration is one of the most common eye diseases in Germany. But it does not necessarily have to be drug therapies that can play a role in this context. Studies at the University of Jena suggest that your diet can certainly play a role.

Carotenoids and vitamins in vegetables

One reason may be that various substances involved in building and maintaining the function of the eye are not themselves formed by the body. By way of example, vitamin A should be mentioned here. But the vitamins C and E strengthen the eye health.

Conclusion:

Different substances that need to be externally applied to your body seem to have an essential role in eye health. This almost automatically puts the focus on nutrition. Take, for example, the vitamin A. The latter is among others in beef and poultry liver, carrots, spinach, kale or yolk. Dark vegetables – which include spinach, kale, and broccoli – have a very different benefit to your eyes. Because in these vegetables significant amounts of the already known carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin are included.

The well-known for its antioxidant effect vitamin E, however, is among other things in cereals such as wheat, sunflower seeds, and olive oil contained. In combination with vitamin C, it protects the eye from degenerative tendencies (through the action of free radicals) and thus prevents cataracts – cataracts. Especially against the background of macular degeneration, studies from the USA also indicate that omega-3 fatty acids can also develop a positive effect (for example, they are contained in fish). Here are the most important facts :

  • Lutein-containing foods could have a positive effect on macular development
  • Vitamins A, C, and E may also be useful in moderation (adequate in food)
  • Effects of nutrition on the eye are still not fully understood

nutrition-for-eye-health

Deficiency or overdose – a fine line

Insights into the importance of minerals and vitamins for eye health have a positive effect – consumers pay more attention to their diet. As a rule, a balanced composition of the diet is sufficient to cover the need for vitamins. However, certain high-risk groups need larger doses – such as those with higher alcohol consumption or smokers. But even if you are healthy, you want to protect yourself – and therefore quickly access nutritional supplements.

The problem: Different vitamins are counterproductive in too high dosages. Vitamin A, for example, can lead to a headache, nausea, vomiting – and even osteoporosis in case of overdose. On the other hand, chronic overdosage of vitamin B6 can lead to deposits in the soft tissue and nerve damage. The handle on high-dose dietary supplements should, therefore, be treated with some caution.

By the way: A comparable influence of the nutrition – as with the emergence of the (age-related) macular degeneration – can so far not conclusively prove for many other eye diseases. It also needs to consider how personal risk factors (tobacco use, obesity, diabetes) adversely affect your eye health – and how you can work long-term on those risk factors to stay focused for a long time.

Yogurt is a dairy product. It was already consumed in the sixth century BC and was made from sheep’s milk by the Thracians (that is the indigenous population of the Balkans). It was already known in the 16th century that the lactic acid bacteria contained in yogurt have a beneficial effect on the intestinal flora. Like the milk, the yogurt is available in different fat levels. Therefore, the calorie information and the contents of the nutrients must be distinguished according to the fat content of the yogurt.

In addition, yogurt is divided into natural yogurt and fruit yogurt. The yogurt with the highest fat content is the cream yogurt. He has a fat content of at least 10 percent. A yogurt equivalent to the fat content of whole milk contains 3.5 percent fat. The low-fat yogurt must have only 1.5 to 1.8 percent fat and the yogurt from skimmed milk, which is also referred to like skim milk yogurt, has only a maximum fat content of 0.5 percent.

Natural yogurt: calories and nutritional values

We differentiate between 4 different natural yogurts, from cream yogurt to natural yogurt with 3.5% fat and low-fat yogurt with 1.5% fat to lean yogurt. Below are the calories and nutritional values of each natural yogurt.

100 grams of cream yogurt :

  • 486 kJ / 116 kcal
  • 3 grams of protein
  • 8 grams of fat
  • 9 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of natural yogurt 3.5% fat :

  • 275 kJ / 66 kcal
  • 3 grams of protein
  • 4 grams of fat
  • 4 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of low-fat yogurt :

  • 193 kJ / 46 kcal
  • 3 grams of protein
  • 2 grams of fat
  • 4 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of lean yogurt :

  • 159 kJ / 38 kcal
  • 4 grams of protein
  • 1 gram of fat
  • 4 grams of carbohydrates

Nutritional-Values-of-fruit-yogurt

Fruit yogurt: calories and nutritional values

In contrast to natural yogurt, fruit yogurt contains additives such as fruits and sugar. Also, the fruit yogurt is available in the 4 different fat levels. Here are the calories and nutritional values of 100 grams of fruit yogurt :

100 grams of creamy fruit yogurt:

  • 601 kJ / 144 kcal
  • 3 grams of protein
  • 9 grams of fat
  • 13 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of fruit yogurt 3.5% fat :

  • 414 kJ / 99 kcal
  • 3

Many consumers are considering supplements that are natural and therefore safe. In fact, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN reported in 2017 that 87 percent of US consumers trust that dietary supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, herbs, oils, microbial bacteria, and amino acids, are safe and effective, Unfortunately, your confidence can be misaligned when it comes to supplements for male sexual dysfunction and weight loss.

According to the Food and Drug Administration, 776 nutritional supplement products sold from 146 different manufacturers that trade between 2007 and 2016 contained synthetic/prescription medicines. Most of these products are marketed for only two conditions, sexual enhancement, (45.5 percent) or weight loss (40.9 percent). Most recently, on Nov. 30, 2018, the FDA did not advise consumers to buy a product called Willy Go Wild, available online and in some retail outlets, because the product also contains hidden prescription drugs.

Why is that important?

As a pharmacist and dietary supplement researcher, I’m worried about the hidden intake of these prescription drugs in the supplements. It increases the risk of harming patients, and it allows people to write down the merits and disadvantages they experience to a herb, rather than the true culprit – the extra drug. This makes it harder for physicians and pharmacists to decipher the types of patients who have these natural therapies that could be used and where they should be avoided.

Risky Sex Enhancement Pills

It is considered malpractice for pharmacists to fill prescriptions for erectile dysfunction (ED) medications such as Viagra, Levitra or Cialis when patients stop taking nitrate medications such as nitroglycerin tablets or spray or isosorbide mono/dinitrate. These nitrate medications are commonly used to treat chest pain or heart failure. The combination with a drug for the treatment of ED; When the FDA said the makers of Willy Go Wild may cause a patient’s blood pressure to skyrocket. This consequently can result in hospitalization or Loss of life.

Some patients taking nitrate medications who are not sure of any of the ED medications have turned to the so-called natural products instead. If you had bought one of the 353 spoiled products, you would have the same active ingredients nonetheless.

In addition, prescription erectile dysfunction medication can cause priapism, a medical emergency where the penis can become irreparably damaged. The higher the dose eaten, the bigger the risk. So imagine if you want to improve your prescription erectile dysfunction drug with herbal remedies, just to find out you were getting a prescription drug, drug instead. There are cases of priapism with herbal sexual dysfunction medication.

Natural-Supplements-for-Sex-Gain-and-Weight-Loss

ED Drugs And Antidepressants

Some other nutritional supplement products for male enhancement added a drug called daptoxetine. The FDA hasn’t authorized it for almost any reason, which includes sexual dysfunction. People on other serotonin-enhancing drugs for depression or bowel problems are more likely to end up with a condition called serotonin syndrome when accidentally exposed to this unknown drug. Serotonin syndrome is a life-threatening problem with high body temperature, muscle stiffness, cramping, and kidney damage.

Sibutramine, an appetite suppressant that was removed from the US market by the FDA in 2010 because its use increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, 269 supplements touted for weight loss products contain sibutramine and others contain the stimulant ephedrine and fenfluramine.

Ephedrine, a stimulant, has been banned in the US because it also increases cardiovascular risk. Fenfluramine, an amphetamine derivative, has been used in combination with phentermine in the popular “fen-phen” diet, which has been banned after numerous cases of pulmonary hypertension, valvular heart failure, and heart failure has occurred.

Yet other dietary supplements, weight loss products, contain the laxative phenolphthalein or prescription diuretics. Phenolphthalein is no longer used as a laxative in the US because it may cause cancer and injuries fetuses. Laxatives and diuretics only cause weight loss due to diarrhea or loss of water weight. They do not result in fat loss. It can cause dangerously low blood pressure and low blood potassium concentrations.

A 2015 New England Journal of Medicine estimated that dietary supplements led to 23,000 emergency room visits and over 2,000 hospitalizations each year. Weight-loss products or associated increased energy also causes 72 percent of supplement-related adverse events, including palpitations, chest pain, or palpitations rate. I suspect that the dominance of the deliberate synthetic drug restrictions on these supplements could explain some of these results.

How can you protect yourself?

The FDA does not approve nutritional supplements and many options that you are on your own. The Nutritional Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 created a new category of health product. As long as the product contains