Pericardial effusion is a condition that shows the accumulation of fluid around the heart. The bilayer structure surrounding the heart is known as the pericardium, and normally there is a thin layer of fluid between the layers. High volume fluid may accumulate in the pericardium as a result of injury or illness – it may also be due to inflammation or bleeding.

Too much fluid around the heart can put extra pressure on the heart and leave it untreated – it can be a deadly condition.

Is fluid around the heart dangerous?

The answer depends largely on the cause of the excess fluid. There are a variety of causes, and different causes correlate with the danger of the disease.

In many cases, the fluid around the heart is the result of a viral infection and will clear itself – in which case the condition is less dangerous. When fluid around the heart is the result of trauma or autoimmune disease, it is very dangerous.

Types of fluid around the heart (pericardial effusion)

There are four types of pericardial effusion: fibrinous effusion, serous effusion, purulent effusion, and hemorrhagic effusion. Serous effusion is associated with irritation of the pericardium, with excess fluid excreted from the visceral layer of the serous pericardium.

The fibrous effusion contains fibrin, which is organized and forms adhesions. Hemorrhagic effusion is the result of mixing blood with other substances in the body, and purulent effusion is an accumulation of pus around the heart, often caused by infection.

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Symptoms of fluid around the heart

Symptoms of pericardial effusion gradually increase with increasing fluid retention. Symptoms may include shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, difficulty breathing while lying, chest pain on the left side and chest fullness.

If symptoms of chest pain persist, call 911 immediately for a few minutes, or when breathing becomes increasingly difficult or painful.

What causes fluid around the heart?

As mentioned, there are a number of causes of pericardial effusion that vary in severity. Occurs in some cases, when the cause cannot be determined, it is known as idiopathic pericarditis.

Causes of fluid around the heart are:

  • Inflammation of the pericardium caused by heart attacks and heart surgery
  • Autoimmune diseases such as lupus
  • Spread of cancer, especially lung cancer, breast cancer or melanoma
  • Perikardkarzinom
  • Radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer
  • Waste product in the blood as kidney failure
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Virus, bacterial, fungal or parasitic infections
  • Breast or heart trauma
  • Certain prescription medicines, such as medicines for the treatment of hypertension, epileptic seizures or tuberculosis drugs

Diagnosis of pericardial effusion

Your doctor will perform a series of tests to correctly diagnose pericardial effusion. These tests include:

  • Medical examination
  • Echocardiogram that uses sound waves to get a picture of your heart. Your doctor will examine the space between the heart and pericardium to determine the extent of fluid retention. There are two types of echocardiograms: transthoracic or transesophageal, which is either a device over the chest or a tube in the esophagus.
  • Electrocardiograms that recorded electrical signals from the heart
  • Chest X-ray
  • Use of MRI or CT Scan as imaging techniques
  • Blood tests

Guidelines on Pericardial Casting Treatment

The treatment of pericardial effusion is based on the underlying cause of the disease. This means that your doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, corticosteroids or aspirin. If these treatments are not successful, your doctor will need to drain the fluid around the heart by inserting a thin needle and catheter. Other treatments include balloon pericardiotomy – which uses a deflated balloon to stretch the layers around the heart -, open heart surgery, and the removal of all or parts of pericardium, which is often used in recurrent cases.

To avoid complications from pericardial effusion, it is best you see your doctor the moment you begin to experience symptoms. When it comes to matters of the heart, you do not want to fool around. If you have any breast-related symptoms, you should have yourself examined as this may also be an indication of a heart attack.

In recent years, the warnings of the harmful effects of the sun on our skin. The danger posed by the sun’s rays should not be underestimated, as it is ultimately responsible for the development of skin cancer. This is also the reason why more and more people avoid sunlight – with far-reaching consequences for their heart health, among other things.

Vitamin D – the sun hormone

The vitamin D was in many scientific studies a great similarity to various steroid hormones certified, so it was henceforth referred to as hormone. Since then, vitamin D has been known as the sun hormone. The explanation for this name lies in the fact that vitamin D is formed by the body itself, and only in conjunction with the sunlight.

As a messenger, it then reaches the bones, the muscles, the brain, the immune system, the pancreas, and many other body organs via the blood in order to fulfill its specific tasks. But how does the body react to vitamin D deficiency?

We examine this question using the example of the cardiovascular system.

How sunlight creates vitamin D.

In the liver, the precursor of vitamin D is formed. When the sun’s rays shine on the skin, vitamin D becomes the first precursor of vitamin D3. The skin itself then forms another precursor of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Now the vitamin D3 has to be transported from the skin back to the liver, where it is processed further.

The resulting vitamin is now called calcidiol and is the basis for the vitamin D metabolism dar. About the blood, the calcidiol then finally enters the body cells in which the active form of vitamin D3 – the calcitriol – arises.

Please note: In the form of calcidiol, vitamin D3 is offered as a nutritional supplement. Calcitriol is available exclusively as a prescription drug.

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Vitamin D3 capsules

Supplementation in case of sun deficiency. For decades, the important influence of vitamin D on bone health has been emphasized. For a sufficient intake, a daily dose of 600 IU / was recommended, while at the same time a vitamin D blood value of 20 ng/ml was considered normal.

Today, however, many experts believe that this value should be at least 50 ng/ml so that vitamin D can develop its optimal effect. In view of this new knowledge, an amount of 4000 to 10,000 IU of vitamin D3 is now considered as supplementation (dietary supplement) for a recommended dosage, as long as one does not spend enough time in the sun.

However, the amount of vitamin D actually needed can always be viewed individually, as it depends on various factors. On the one hand, the starting point, ie the quantity produced by the body itself, has to be considered.

In addition, the amount absorbed by the intestine also varies greatly with the dose delivered. It depends a lot on the intestinal health. In addition, the weight of humans also plays an important role. Since vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, it often disappears into fat deposits, especially in overweight individuals.

Vitamin D3 and Vitamin K2

It is impossible to take an overdose of vitamin D due to sun exposure to the skin. The situation is different with the supplementation with vitamin D3. Here is an overdose, which could then cause heart problems, not completely excluded.

To optimally benefit from the effects of vitamin D supplementation, vitamin D3 should be taken together with vitamin K2 (as MK-7). Both vitamins have a synergistic effect that dissolves calcium deposits inside the arteries and heart valves and transports them to where the calcium really belongs – to the bones.

Inflammation can cause cardiovascular disease

Vitamin D has so many positive benefits on the cardiovascular system. This finding is particularly important, as every second person dies from the consequences of a disease of this system. Especially people with high blood pressure suffer a heart attack up to three times more frequently than people with normal blood pressure values.

Some cardiology specialists now want to make history about the widespread misconception that cholesterol is the cause of cardiovascular disease. They are convinced that it is not cholesterol but arterial inflammation that is the cause of all cardiovascular problems and heart disease.

The causes of arterial inflammation

Much of these inflammatory reactions are due to a wrong diet. For the rest, cardiologists blame vitamin D deficiency. This thesis was confirmed among other things in the context of an eight-year study (Ludwigshafener risk study) to 3000 participants. The study found that vitamin D deficiency significantly increases the risk of dying from heart disease. This relationship has also been confirmed by American studies.

The explanation for the effectiveness of vitamin D in terms of cardiovascular disease is based on the fact that vitamin D can protect against inflammation of any kind.

In light of this, it is not surprising that many recent studies have confirmed the link between vitamin D deficiency and the ever-increasing death toll of people

If you suspect a heart attack to delay until an ambulance is called, can have devastating consequences. The sooner intervention takes place, the greater the patient’s chances of survival. Every minute counts. It all depends on the patient getting to the clinic as soon as possible, where effective procedures can save his life and limit the damage of the infarction. Everyone can learn to recognize the heart attack and react quickly.

Cause of death No. 2: Heart attack

Every day about 767 people in Germany suffers a heart attack. That’s 280,000 people a year. Around 49,000 of the men and women affected die as a result, most of them before they go to the hospital.

The reason: many patients are still waiting far too long to call the ambulance; because they wanted to wait or because they repressed the heart attack because they did not want to bother anyone out of false consideration and, above all, because they did not interpret the alarm signs correctly. It should always apply: Better to call the ambulance once too much than not at all or too late.

Heart attack: alarm

The most common heart attack symptoms are severe chest pain lasting for more than five minutes, which may radiate into the arms, shoulder blades, neck, jaw, upper abdomen. In this case, immediately call the ambulance or the local emergency number. Further alarm signs :

  • Strong tightness
  • heavy pressure in the chest
  • fear

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In addition to chest pain, there may be shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting, and in many cases, women may even be alarmed by it. In addition, potential signs may include unconsciousness, pale, pale complexion, and cold sweats.

No flash out of the blue

A heart attack means that a coronary vessel is closed by a clot (blood clot). As a result, part of the heart muscle is cut off from the oxygen supply: hence the pain and nausea.

Two major dangers bring the heart attack with it:

  • The one danger is a life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia, the ventricular fibrillation triggered by the heart attack. The heart stops pumping and cardiovascular arrest occurs. In the ambulance and in the clinic are defibrillators available that can eliminate this cardiac arrhythmia electrically.
  • The other danger that a heart attack brings is the pumping failure of the heart. The longer the heart attack occurs, the more heart tissue is lost.

Myocardial infarction: sign under stress

Unexpected and sudden – this is how people experience their heart attack. But many have had complaints before. Signs that have clearly warned of the infarct, but were not taken seriously. A warning sign that precedes the dramatic event of days, weeks, sometimes even months, is angina (chest tightness). This leads to pain or a feeling of pressure in the chest or only shortness of breath.

The difference to the heart attack is that these signs occur only under load (for example climb stairs, mountain walks, snow sweep) and disappear after a few minutes in peace. For chest pain, even with unexplained gastric or back pain, which only occurs under stress, the heart must be thoroughly examined.

Ischemic heart disease. Ischemia is a decrease in blood supply to a body organ, tissue or partially arrested by constriction or blockage of the blood vessels, and it is the right medical term for reduced blood flow to the heart. Cured or blocked arteries usually cause us, and it is the leading cause of death in most Western countries. The growth of these tissues is called arteriosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis typically begins in early adolescence but is rarely diagnosed until late in life usually due to a stroke or heart attack. Autopsies of healthy young men who died during the Korean and Vietnam War showed signs of the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop the progression of atherosclerosis and prevent a medical emergency.

According to the United States data for 2004 for about 65% of men and 47% of women, the first symptom of atherosclerosis is a heart attack or sudden cardiac death (death within one hour after onset of symptoms) or obstruction of the arteries that cause the Brain as a result of a stroke.

Another problem that can cause ischemic heart disease is an aneurysm. It is a localized, pathological, blood-filled dilation of a blood vessel causing a weakling from the vascular wall. Plaque forms in the arteries causing it an obstacle and the blood flow around the constipation pressure on the walls of the arteries. This can cause the walls of the arteries to balloon out and weaken as the blood moves around the obstacle. If one of these balloons or aneurysms explodes then death can occur within minutes.

When the plaque is displaced from the arterial walls it will travel into the heart and cause one of the blood vessels of the heart to get blocked, causing a heart attack. If the plaque gets lodged in one of the blood vessels, the blood supply to the brain, then it becomes a stroke.

Ischemic is caused by a diet rich in fats and physical inactivity. A high-fat diet leads to high levels of cholesterol in the blood. The American Heart Association offers a range of guidelines for total blood cholesterol and heart disease risk. The desirable LDL is less than 100 mg/dl. However, the report from the National Cholesterol Education Program in 1987 suggesting that total blood cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dL of normal blood cholesterol when cholesterol levels between 200 and 239 mg / dL are considered borderline high, and higher than 240 mg/dl is considered high cholesterol.

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Many scientists, nutritionists, and activists are concerned about ischemic heart disease, and they are trying to educate the American people into a healthier diet. And this power of healthy suggestion seems to work on restaurants. Especially since 2004, fast food chains have begun to offer healthier menu options such as yogurt, salads, and fruits. Many restaurants now print some nutritional information on their menus and specifically offer heart-smart recipes.

Over-the-counter products and Vitamins are common and can help relieve heart diseases such as Pectin, Foti, Vitamin C, Niacin, and EPA. Foti also called He Shou Wu in China is legendary in his ability to extend life. Modern studies have shown that Foti has the ability to lower serum cholesterol, prevent premature gray hair, promote red cell growth, increase blood and longevity at the cellular level. This herb raises the level of naturally occurring antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the body. Foti can reduce blood cholesterol by inhibiting intestinal absorption, which helps to reduce atherosclerosis and other heart diseases.

Niacin is the next thing, a perfect treatment that corrects most causes of coronary heart disease. Niacin blocks the release of fatty acids from the fat cells. Niacin plays an important role in gene expression, energy production, and hormone synthesis. You can not live without it. Niacin also tends to alter LDL particle distribution to larger particle size and improve HDL functioning. The intake of 3 g of niacin for less than two weeks to reduce serum cholesterol by 26 percent.

Vitamin C has been shown to counteract the development of cholesterol deposits in the arteries. Within hours of receiving vitamin C patients showed a sharp decline in blood cholesterol.

Pectin limits the amount of cholesterol your body can absorb. High pectin in apples can count why “One day keeps the doctor away”.

Studies of Greenland Eskimo’s lack of heart attacks have shown that Eico Sapentaenoic Acid (EPA) lowers cholesterol significantly, even more than polyunsaturated fat. It also triggers a significant reduction in triglycerides. Salmon oil is one of the most famous natural EPA sources.

If you are at risk of heart disease then you will find a good health care professional before beginning any kind of home treatment.

Always ask your doctor before using this information, this article is nutritional in nature and is not considered medical advice.

A low-fat diet program for high cholesterol is concerned about consuming a variety of low-fat, heart-healthy foods as propagated by the American Heart Association (AHA). These foods can help remove harmful cholesterol from the body. In addition to eating the most beneficial foods, they need you to be prepared in a healthy manner to get optimal results. Plus, no heart-healthy diet completely without exercise, a known cholesterol-lowering factor.

Heart-healthy foods

Eat heart-healthy food. Be in accordance with the AHA, heart-healthy foods are high in fiber, low in fat and high in antioxidants. These heart-healthy foods can increase your “bad” cholesterol level (LDL) as well as decrease your “good” cholesterol level (HDL). Soluble fiber helps remove harmful cholesterol from the body.

Eat soluble fiber foods. Notable sources of soluble fiber include whole grains, lentils and beans, nuts and seeds, fruits and vegetables, and healthy oils of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated varieties. The USDA recommends eating at least 10g of soluble fiber daily to lower your LDL.

Eat oatmeal. A 1 1/2 cup serving of oatmeal, it says in the Mayo Clinic, contains 6 grams of soluble fiber. In fresh fruit and increase soluble fiber of 4 g. Top with cinnamon and low-fat milk to start your low-fat diet for high cholesterol day nutritiously.

Eat plant sterol foods as part of your low-fat diet for high cholesterol. Plant sterols contain a strong lowering of the cholesterol property along with many beneficial antioxidants. According to the American Dietetic Association, herbal sterols are notable in low-fat soy products such as tofu, tempeh, soy and soy milk; walnuts; avocados; Linseed and sunflower seeds. You can also buy foods fortified with plant sterols such as orange juice, margarine and fruit smoothies.

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Not Heart Healthy Foods

Watch out for saturated and trans fats. Foods containing these fats, according to the Mayo Clinic and USDA, can increase your “bad” cholesterol levels.

Saturated fats are found in animal products such as offal and whole-fat dairy products, including egg yolks and red meats. These fats are also found in fried foods, processed and prepackaged foods, biscuits, bread, and many fast foods.

Food Preparation Methods

Choose heart-healthy cooking methods. According to the AHA and the USDA, if your food is made in an unhealthy method, such as deep frying, it can increase your LDL level. Healthy Cooking Methods to choose high cholesterol from your low-fat diet include steaming, grilling, poaching, and baking (without excessive oils).

Physical activity

Exercise. Your low-fat high-cholesterol diet must also include daily physical activity, according to the AHA. It is recommended to have 30 minutes daily for at least five days a week. The exercise does not have to be exhausting for you to reap health benefits. Physical activity can lower your LDL. Choose activities that you are happy with and switch to avoid boredom.

Introduction

Blood pressure is the measurement of the power of your blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Their blood vessels are the arteries, veins, and capillaries. Blood pressure is an important concept as it helps to drive up the oxygen and nutrients that your body needs to survive throughout your system. Unfortunately, when the blood pressure becomes too high, it can potentially damage the blood vessels. Two substances that can contribute to higher blood pressure, if not used in moderation, are alcohol and caffeine.

Alcohol

According to the American Heart Association, drinking alcohol in moderation can potentially have a positive effect on your heart. However, “in moderation” means only one or two drinks a day for men and only one drink a day for women. Once you start consuming more than these, your blood pressure can begin to be adversely affected. Alcohol first does this by disrupting blood flow to the heart by removing nutrient-rich blood from the heart. Alcohol is also high in calories, resulting in obesity, which in turn also raises blood pressure levels. According to the Mayo Clinic, if you are currently taking antihypertensive medication, alcohol can interfere with their ability to work, putting you at an even higher risk of dangerously high blood pressure.

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Caffeine

Caffeine can also be beneficial in moderation. According to men’s health, caffeine can help actively activate dopamine molecules and can also help fight off Alzheimer’s. But just like alcohol, when not used in moderation, caffeine can also have harmful effects on your blood pressure. Caffeine affects the blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels. It does this by binding with adenosine receptors in the body, which blocks the possibility of properly functioning adenosine. Adenosine is a hormone that is partially responsible for helping keep blood vessels far enough for blood to pass through easily. Caffeine also stimulates the release of adrenaline and adrenal cortisol. One of the side effects of releasing these chemicals into the bloodstream is an increase in blood pressure.