What Is Right Heart Failure?

Sometimes we can recognize warning signs of our body in everyday things: the otherwise super-fitting elegant loafers have to be exchanged for extra-wide health shoes from the medical supply store? The responsible swollen feet can be a first symptom of right-sided heart failure, also called right heart failure. What happens to this form of heart failure in the body and how to recognize Right Heart Failure, read now.

Symptoms of Right Heart Failure

Simply put, in right heart failure, the right half of the heart is no longer working properly. This is often the result of advanced left heart failure. If the two forms come together, it is also called global heart failure. When it comes to the chronic form, the symptoms of heart failure can go unnoticed for a long time right. Common signs of right heart failure include:

    • Rapid weight gain and swollen ankles and feet indicate water retention in the tissues. If you press your finger on the thickened area, a dent remains that can last for several minutes.
    • Caution: A thrombosis (blood clot) can also cause swelling in the leg. In contrast to this disease, in case of right heart failure, however, both legs or feet are always swollen. A thrombosis must be treated immediately.
what-happens-with-heart-failure-on-the-right
What happens with heart failure on the right?

Right heart failure is a weak pumping of the right half of the heart, which is responsible for the transport of oxygen-poor blood to the lungs. Normally, the right half of the heart works like this:

    1. Low-oxygen blood from the upper and lower half of the body flows into the right atrium.
    2. From the right atrium, the blood enters the right ventricle.
    3. The spent blood flows from the right ventricle into the lungs, where it is enriched with oxygen. This is called “small blood circulation”.
What happens if the right half of the heart is weakened?

This is simply explained: In right heart failure, more blood flows out of the systemic circulation than the impaired, right ventricle can carry on to the lungs. There is a backlog of spent blood in front of the right atrium, which can reach into the legs or neck. Sufferers suffer from swollen legs and thickened veins. In addition, this can increase the pressure in the veins so much that the liquid components of the blood are pressed into the surrounding tissue. This causes water retention (edema) in the feet, abdomen or other parts of the body.

What is Heart Arrhythmia, Symptoms, Causes And Therapy

What is a heart arrhythmia?

Heart arrhythmia is a disorder characterized by an accelerated or severely slowed heartbeat. The change in heart rate is due to an increase or decrease in electrical activity in the heart muscle.

Expansion of the heart is controlled by electrical signals or impulses from the brain. An interruption in the transmission of these electrical pulses may result in the suspension of a heartbeat. The values ​​of a normal adult heartbeat are 60 to 100 beats per minute. If you have a heartbeat outside this area, talk to your doctor about it.

Arrhythmia is often a contraindication to sports.

heart-arrhythmia

When do you have to worry?

Benign arrhythmias manifest at the level of the atria (for example, atrial fibrillation) or the atrioventricular sinus. They do not lead to the death of the person. Malignant arrhythmias that can lead to death include tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation.

Causes of heart arrhythmia

Here are the main causes of irregular heartbeat and arrhythmias:

    • Coronary heart disease is a common cause of arrhythmia. It is a disorder in which the blood circulation in the coronary vessels is obstructed.
    • Stimulants such as smoking, alcohol abuse, drugs and caffeine.
    • Abnormal sodium or potassium levels in the blood.
    • Some stomach disorders, such as hiatus hernia or gastroesophageal reflux.
    • Stimulants in medicines for cough and cold.
    • They can occur during convalescence after heart surgery.
    • Hypertension or high blood pressure.
    • Thyroid dysfunction or hyperthyroidism are less common causes of arrhythmias.
    • Myocardial damage or fibrosis of the heart due to myocardial infarction.
    • Diabetes and insulin.

Symptoms of heart arrhythmia

The symptoms of an irregular heartbeat are very vague. Sometimes the patient does not feel it at all. Patients with serious arrhythmias may have few symptoms, while others with significant symptoms may present a less severe condition.

Symptoms include:

    1. Intermittent chest pain or angina, the most common symptom of an irregular heartbeat
    2. Fast and irregular frequency, strong tapping of the heart
    3. Fainting or syncope
    4. Difficult breathing, especially under stress
    5. Excessive sweating
    6. Fear and restlessness
    7. General malaise
    8. Dizziness or dizziness
    9. Fatigue

Asymptomatic arrhythmia

The asymptomatic arrhythmia is not always harmless and may cause blood clotting in the heart and / or a reduction in the amount of blood being pumped.

Heart Arrhythmia At Night

Nocturnal irregular heartbeat can have various causes. The most common are :

    • Diabetes
    • Hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism)
    • high blood pressure or hypertension
    • Other heart diseases
    • Some medicines
    • Smoke
    • Stressful situations
    • Some natural remedies

Arrhythmia after eating

When we eat, a large amount of blood is diverted to the digestive tract. The body immediately responds to this situation and tries to maintain normal blood pressure by increasing the heart rate and narrowing certain arteries. If this mechanism does not work, postprandial hypotension may occur (drop in blood pressure after eating). Older people may have arrhythmias after eating. People who may experience cardiac arrhythmias after meals include those with high arterial blood pressure or Parkinson’s disease.

Causes and symptoms of the disorder can vary from person to person, possibilities are:

    1. Some people suffer from tachycardia only in certain situations, for example, at night in bed, after eating sweet foods or foods with a high sodium content, etc.
    2. Inadequate water intake, which thickens the blood and thus forces the heart to work to pump the blood.
    3. Dysfunction of an endocrine gland.
    4. Problems of the digestive system.
    5. Excessive enjoyment of coffee and other stimulants.
    6. Disorders of the vagus nerve.
    7. Hiatus hernia (diaphragmatic hernia).
    8. Gastroesophageal reflux.
    9. Liver or kidney disease.
    10. People with a rapid resting heartbeat may have arrhythmias after eating.

symptoms-of-heart-arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (AF)

Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia. In this disease, the heart beats irregularly and too fast. AF can be chronic, persistent or paroxysmal. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation occurs occasionally and temporarily, and is short-lived, from a few seconds to a few days.

Ventricular arrhythmia

This is a heart disorder in which the irregular rhythm of the heart and heart beats come from the heart chambers. It can be divided into: ventricular tachycardia, ventricular bradycardia and ventricular fibrillation. Tachycardia means that the heart rate exceeds 100 beats per minute, while bradycardia is characterized by beats below 60 beats per minute. Ventricular fibrillation is a disease in which the heart beats quickly and irregularly. The result is a reduction of the pumped blood.

causes

    1. Drug side effects
    2. caffeine
    3. nicotine
    4. High sodium and potassium levels in the blood
    5. Necroses and fibroses of the heart muscle
    6. cardiomyopathy
    7. myocarditis
    8. Valvular heart disease
    9. Congenital heart disease

Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA)

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia refers to a change in heart rate that occurs during a natural breathing cycle. The vagus nerve is a cranial nerve that runs from the brain stem to the abdomen and plays an important role in the regulation of the heartbeat. It reduces the contraction force and the frequency of  the heart. During inhalation and exhalation, cells of the medulla oblongata send a signal from the parasympathetic nervous system via this cranial nerve to the heart. This causes a cyclic variation of the heart rate. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia is a physiological variant and is not considered abnormal. In fact, it is the loss of this normal reflex that signals a heart problem.

RSA is common in children and adolescents and usually goes away with self-growth. However, a doctor should be consulted on:

    1. Very fast and irregular heartbeat,
    2. Very slow heartbeat,

Heart Arrhythmia in Children

What are the specific causes of heart arrhythmia in children?

    1. Congenital heart defect
    2. Side effect on medicines

Cardiac palpitations during pregnancy

What are the causes?

    1. Mental stress
    2. body changes
    3. Excessive caffeine consumption
    4. Physical stress
    5. anemia
    6. Lack of magnesium
    7. Side effects of drugs

Diagnostics and examination

Heart arrhythmia are diagnosed by listening to the stethoscope or by an electrocardiogram (ECG). For fetal arrhythmias, echocardiography is usually performed; in the 20th week of pregnancy usually a morphological ultrasound. If the gynecologist sees a congenital anomaly, he may request  chocardiography, as this examination is much more thorough.

Therapy of heart arrhythmia

In some arrhythmias, it does not require treatment, in other cases, rapid treatment must be used to prevent heart failure.

Possible treatments are:

Physical exercises

There are several physical exercises (physiokinesis therapy) that stimulate the stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system (the part of the nervous system that affects rest, digestion, energy recovery and recovery).

The techniques that affect the vagus nerve (vagal maneuvers) affect the parasympathetic nervous system and promote the health of the heart.

With regard to nutrition, stimulating foods, such as coffee and chocolate, are not recommended as they can affect the heart rate.

Treatment of the accelerated heartbeat

Cardioversion. If the tachycardia comes from the atria (for example, atrial fibrillation), the doctor can perform a cardioversion. It is an electrical shock that serves to restore the heart to its normal rhythm.

This procedure is usually performed in a supervised environment and does not cause pain. Emergency cardioversion (defibrillation) is also used in ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.

Ablation therapy. In this procedure, a catheter is inserted through the blood vessels to the heart. It is placed over the place where the arrhythmias arise. The electrodes on the catheter tip are heated by radiofrequency energy.

Another method involves cooling over the catheter to freeze the tissue that is not functioning properly. Both methods destroy (ablate) a small portion of the heart tissue and create an electrical block along the pathway that causes the arrhythmia.

Implantable devices

Pacemaker. A pacemaker or pacemaker is an implantable device that helps regulate a slow heartbeat (bradycardia). A small device is placed under the skin near the collarbone. An insulated wire leads from the device to the heart where it is anchored. If the pacemaker is recording too low a heart rate or heartbeat, electrical impulses are sent to stimulate the heart to a faster heartbeat or to continue the heartbeat. Most pacemakers have a detection device that turns off when the heart rate is above a certain threshold when the frequency becomes too slow again.

Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD).

The doctor may prescribe this device to a patient at high risk for malignant and potentially fatal arrhythmias: ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. An ICD is a system with a battery implanted near the left clavicle. One or two electrodes go from the ICD via veins to the heart.The ICD continuously controls the heart rhythm. If too slow a rhythm, it stimulates the rhythm like a pacemaker. In fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia, it sends low-energy pulses to restore normal heart rhythm.

Surgical treatment

In some cases, surgical intervention may be recommended for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias:

Maze procedure. The surgeon puts a series of incisions in the atria. These lesions heal in the form of fibrous scar tissue, which has an insulating effect. In this way, the electrical impulses are steered into correct paths, thereby enabling an efficient heartbeat. The surgeon can use an instrument that ices the tissue, a high-frequency probe, or a scalpel to create scars.

Coronary bypass surgery. In severe coronary artery disease and frequent ventricular tachycardia, the physician may recommend coronary artery bypass graft surgery. This can improve the perfusion of the heart and reduce the frequency of ventricular tachycardias. 

Medical therapy

Many medications are available to treat cardiac arrhythmias. Some of the prescribed medications are listed here.

antiarrhythmics

These medications are used to reduce the symptoms of tachycardia.

Medicines prescribed for this purpose are:

    1. Amiodarone (Cordarex)
    2. Dronedarone (Multaq)
    3. Flecainid (Tambocor)

calcium channel blockers

These medications prevent calcium from entering the heart cells and blood vessels. The result is that the blood vessels relax and the arterial blood pressure drops.

Calcium antagonists prescribed for cardiac arrhythmia include:

    1. Amlodipine (Norvasc)
    2. Diltiazem (dilemma)
    3. Nifedipine (Adalat)

Beta Blocker

These drugs block the effects of adrenaline, lowering blood pressure and cardiac output. The most commonly prescribed beta-blockers are:

  1. Metoprolol (Beloc)
  2. Nebivolol (Nebivolol Heumann)

Anticoagulants They are known as blood thinners and prevent the formation of blood clots. The use of these medications is important in preventing complications and risks of heart arrhythmia.

    1. warfarin
    2. aspirin

Natural Remedy For Arrhythmia

Herbal remedies for heart arrhythmia include hawthorn and linden, which reduce tachycardia and cardiac palsies.

The Best Diet For Heart Healthy

More and more people today are suffering from cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and heart problems of various kinds. The cost of treatment for patients with atherosclerotic diseases is increasing rapidly. Experts predict that they will triple by the year 2030. This raises the question: Who should pay for it and why are not these illnesses declining, despite today’s medical possibilities?

The cause of cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular diseases are typical diseases of civilization, which are now in the list of the most common causes of death in the first place. Actually, this development is completely incomprehensible, because it is well known that diseases such as hypertension and arteriosclerosis, which are causally responsible for the development of stroke and heart attack, are so-called affluent diseases. And this prosperity goes hand in hand with a widespread over- and malnutrition. Since it would be logical, already preventive, but at the latest in the treatment of existing diseases to set exactly at this point. At this point, we would like to inform you about how you can prevent arteriosclerotic diseases – ranging from increased blood pressure to stroke or heart attack – through targeted nutrition.

Does a modern lifestyle require modern food?

Nowadays time is passing us by. Everything is always faster and everything should be bigger, better and more functional. Unfortunately, this development does not stop at our food. Our food today no longer deserves this name, which describes a living means of life. The word food is certainly more appropriate, because it is now predominantly about products that are full, but especially sick. We need to come back to those healthy foods that provide our body with all the nutrients and vital nutrients to withstand the tremendous demands of today.

heart-healthy

The quality of our food

Most of the food consumed by us in the form of canned, bagged or other prepared meals consists largely of heavily processed raw materials of inferior quality. Through the processing process, nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins are denatured and vital nutrients such as vitamins, enzymes, phytonutrients, etc. are no longer present, or only in traces. Our body suffers a severe deficiency, which manifests itself in different diseases. Of course, the cardiovascular system also reacts to the nutrient and vital substance deficit with corresponding symptoms.

Excessive consumption of refined salt, refined sugar, white flour products and foods contaminated with a wide variety of preservatives, colorants, flavor enhancers, etc. also has negative effects on heart healthy.

Tips for the best diet for heart healthy

Of course, the following tips will not only help protect your heart and keep you healthy. Your entire organism will benefit:

    • Do not use finished products as far as possible.
    • Instead, buy seasonal Regon food such as fresh, organically grown fruits and vegetables.
    • If you eat animal products, pay attention to biological, animal welfare or buy products from grazing.
    • Use unprocessed stone or Ursalz salt and season your meals as often as possible with fresh herbs.
    • When using fats, always ensure first-class organic quality and avoid consistently hydrogenated fats such as margarine, hardened palm or coconut fat. In finished products, almost exclusively hardened fats are used.
    • Exchange the unhealthy snacks (chips, pretzel sticks, biscuits, etc.) for healthy alternatives such as nuts, almonds, spelled sticks, rice waffles, chocolate with a high cocoa content, etc.
    • Drink as many as 2 liters of still water per day, so that your body can excrete already existing pollutants as quickly as possible.
Good fats protect the heart

“Eat rich in fat instead of low fat”. This recommendation completely contradicts what the vernacular usually holds to be correct, because so far was that a low-fat diet, the health of the heart would benefit. However, it has long been recognized that fat is a very important component of a functioning nutrient exchange and that a lack of healthy fats can contribute to chronic inflammation, which in turn leads to vascular damage and thus to heart disease. Especially important in this context is the quality of the fats. Healthy fats, which include primarily high-quality vegetable oils that are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, provide good protection against heart disease. In particular, fats with a high proportion of omega 3 (linseed oil, hemp oil, etc.) are of great benefit to the heart and should therefore be consumed daily.

But also high quality saturated fats are beneficial to the heart health, such as. Native and cold pressed organic coconut oil (not to be confused with hardened coconut fat, which is found in many finished products). Natural coconut oil contains the so-called lauric acid, which increases the proportion of “good” cholesterol in the body and thus supports the health of the heart.

Omega 3 fatty acids

Cold-pressed organic vegetable oils with a high omega-3 content are regarded as extremely valuable oils, especially with regard to heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids are able to keep the walls of the vessels flexible, promote blood circulation, inhibit the formation of blood clots and reduce inflammatory processes in the body. Of course, the cardiovascular system benefits first and foremost from these wonderful properties. Therefore, the use of an omega-3-rich vegetable oil, especially for already existing heart problems is strongly recommended. Since the positive properties of omega-3 fatty acids also affect other body areas, use of these oils is generally indicated.

Omega 3-rich oils should not be used exclusively, but always in combination or in alternation with other high-quality oils and fats.

Omega 6 fatty acids

People with a predisposition to cardiovascular disease should avoid vegetable oils with a high omega-6 fatty acid content. The reason for this is due to the linoleic acid also contained in these oils in large quantities. It can be enjoyed in excess inflammatory processes in the body trigger or reinforce existing inflammation.

Linoleic acid-containing foods should also be avoided. These include in particular meat and dairy products. Sunflower oil, thistle oil, soybean oil and corn oil have particularly high omega-6 levels in the case of Pflenzenölen.

Also in ready meals, sweets, pastries etc. these oils are contained there they are declared as “vegetable fats”.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are converted into sugar (glucose) during the digestive process. So that this sugar finally reaches our cells and can be converted into energy there, the body needs insulin as a means of transport. The more sugar is available, the more insulin the pancreas needs to provide for transport.

Normally, the insulin level rises slowly in the glucose arrival and also drops off slowly as it is transported to the cells. However, as we nowadays consume predominantly simple carbohydrates that can be used very rapidly from extracted flours or pure sugar, and consume them excessively, the pancreas constantly produces high levels of insulin. This abnormally high insulin level leads to an increase in cholesterol levels and triggers inflammation in the area of ​​the arterial walls. The strains that result for the cardiovascular system are obvious. Therefore, the recommendation was: Do not use any fast-acting sugars such as white flour products (bread, cakes, biscuits, etc.), refined sugar and all products made from them. Use wholesome flours, eat fiber-rich foods, and look for alternative sugar products (stevia, xylitol, dried fruit).

Also read in our sugar dictionary which sugar is healthy. 

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Recommended heart healthy foods

Below is an overview of the most important foods for your heart :

    • Blueberries and redcurrants

Blueberries and currants contain substances (anthocyanins) that protect blood vessels from deposits and thus counter dreaded arteriosclerosis.

    • Water and honey melons

These sweet fruits have a very positive influence on the fluidity of the blood. They prevent the platelets from sticking together, thus preventing the formation of blood clots.

    • Carrots

The cholesterol level can be influenced very positively by the consumption of raw carrots. So eat about 200g of fresh grated carrots daily (add a few drops of a good oil).

    • Oats and barley

Oats and barley have a cholesterol-lowering effect. Oat, in particular, is known to be an effective tonic for the heart and blood vessels.

    • Walnuts

They contain a balanced nutrient composition, which together with their good fatty acid ratio have a very favorable influence on the cholesterol level. The heart-protecting effect of walnut has been proven in many clinical studies. The walnut shows a blood-thinning effect, which has a particularly positive effect on the supply of the heart with vital substances. A handful of walnuts a day is enough to do something really good for your heart.

    • Chinamorchel

Even small amounts of this mushroom, as they are usually used in cooking recipes are sufficient to prevent the sticking together of the platelets. Since these mushrooms keep the blood fluid, they represent a very good preventive measure against heart attack and stroke.

    • Ginger

In scientific studies, ginger root has proven to be a particularly effective anticoagulant. This blood thinning substance can reduce the formation of blood clots. Therefore, drink ginger water daily, which should be made from 1 teaspoon freshly grated ginger.

    • Garlic

Raw garlic is known for its blood-thinning and cholesterol-lowering effect and is therefore an important food for your heart health. Daily 2 to 3 tablespoons (depending on the weight of the person) should be consumed. Because of the unpleasant odor of garlic can be used on correspondingly high quality garlic capsules.

    • Onions

Onions have always been considered a remedy for many diseases. However, they are almost essential for a healthy cardiovascular system. In addition to blood thinning, lowering cholesterol, increasing HDL cholesterol and reducing clots, onions can also regulate blood sugar levels. By eating a large onion every day, you are already contributing to your heart health.

Freshly squeezed juices protect and strengthen your heart

“Living” foods, ie those that have not been cooked and thus still have an intact enzymatic structure, are extremely important for your heart health. Therefore, you should drink freshly squeezed juices and / or green smoothies daily. Both food preparations provide your body with a wealth of easily usable nutrients and nutrients. Your body thanks you with improved physical and mental health.

One of the best juice combinations for a strong heart is carrots and celery. Beets contain certain nutrients that naturally lower blood pressure, while carrots benefit your body’s regeneration of skin and body tissues. Celery, in turn, also helps lower blood pressure. In addition, it stimulates the relaxation of the arterial muscles and thus improves vascular dilation. This minimizes the risk of blood clots, which ultimately contribute to the development of heart and stroke.

The conventional diet is pronounced high in carbohydrates. Just think of the many breads, cakes, noodles, pizzas, etc., which are consumed not “just” every day, but also in absolute excess. These amounts of carbohydrates burden the entire organism in addition to the cardiovascular system. Therefore, a carbohydrate-rich diet makes every person ill – one sooner and the other a little later.

Instead of carbohydrates, your main focus should be on the consumption of high-quality vegetable proteins and fats. For the health of your heart, there is no better diet than that which has a high nutrient density on a plant basis. Fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds and sprouts are particularly noteworthy here. In addition to the nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins, plant foods contain a variety of easily bioavailable vitamins (especially vitamin C), minerals, enzymes and phytochemicals. Especially when consumed in raw form, these valuable nutrients are fully available to your body. If you do not want to give up meat, you should make sure that it comes from grazing or organically grown and should be consumed only rarely and in small quantities. The same applies to the fish consumption. The fish should be of the highest quality.

Heart Valve Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Heart valve disease can affect any of the valves in the heart. The heart valves have flaps for opening and closing with each heartbeat, allowing blood to flow through the heart of the upper and lower chambers and the rest of the body.

The heart has four valves :

    1. Tricuspid valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
    2. Pulmonary valve located between the right atrium and the pulmonary artery
    3. Mitral valve, which is located between the left atrium, and left ventricle
    4. Aortic valve between the left ventricle and the aorta

Blood flows from the right and left atria across the tricuspid and mitral valve, allowing the blood to flow into the right and left ventricles. These valves then close the blood flowing back into the atria. Once the heart chambers are filled with blood, they begin to contract, forcing the lung and aortic valves to open. Blood then flows into the pulmonary artery and the aorta. The pulmonary artery carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs and the aorta, the body’s largest artery, is responsible for carrying oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.

Basically, the heart valves work by making sure that blood flows in the forward direction and does not secure or leaks. If an individual has a valvular disease, the valve will not be able to do this job properly. This can be caused by regurgitation, stenosis or a combination of both.

Some individuals may experience no symptoms while other disorders such as strokes, heart attacks and thrombosis occur when the heart valve disease is left untreated.

valvular-heart-disease

Valvular heart disease

Mitral valve prolapse

This can also be called floppy valve syndrome, click marbles syndrome, balloon mitral valve or Barlow syndrome. It occurs when the mitral valve does not close properly, sometimes causing blood to flow back into the left atrium.

Most people with mitral valve prolapse do not require symptoms and no treatment as a result. However, symptoms such as palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue and coughing may indicate that treatment is necessary.

The treatment includes surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve.

Bicuspid aortic veins

This happens when a person is born with an aortic valve that has two valves instead of the usual three. In very severe cases, symptoms of this type of disorder are present at birth. However, some people may know that they have decades to go without this type of disorder. The valve is usually able to work for years without causing any symptoms, so most people with premolar aortic valve disease are usually diagnosed only in adulthood. According to the Cleveland Clinic, 80 percent of people with this form of heart valve disease will be operated to repair or replace the valve, which usually happens when they are in their 30s or 40s.

Symptoms include shortness of breath during exercise, chest pain and dizziness or fainting. Most people are able to successfully repair their aortic valve with surgery.

Valvular

This occurs when a valve is unable to fully open, which means that insufficient blood is able to flow through the valve. This can affect one of the heart valves, and can be caused by the heart valve thickening or stiffening.

Symptoms can include chest pain, shortness of breath, tiredness, dizziness and fainting. Some people do not need treatment. Other people may use valvuloplasty, which uses a balloon to inflate the valve or flap replacement surgery.

Valve insufficiency

This can also be called a “leaky valve” and occurs when one of the heart valves does not close properly, causing the blood to flow backwards. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, tiredness, palpitations, drowsiness and swelling of the feet and ankles.

The effects of valve failure vary from person to person. Some people need to monitor their condition. Others may need prescribed medications to prevent fluid retention while others have valve repair or replacement.

heart-valve-disease-symptoms

Causes Of Valvular Heart Disease

There are a number of causes of various heart valve diseases. Causes can be :

    • birth defect
    • Endocarditis inflammation of the heart tissue
    • Rheumatic fever inflammatory disease brought on after group A streptococcal infection
    • Age-related changes, such as calcification
    • Heart attack
    • coronary artery disease
    • Cardiomyopathy degenerative changes in the heart muscle
    • Syphilis is a relatively rare sexually transmitted infection
    • hypertension
    • Aortic aneurysms abnormal swelling or protrusion of the aorta
    • Atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis
    • myxomatous degeneration weakening of the connective tissue in the mitral valve
    • Lupus a chronic autoimmune disease,

Heart Valve Disease Symptoms

Symptoms of heart valve disorders according to the severity of the disease. Usually, the onset of symptoms indicates that the disorder is affecting blood flow. Many people with mild or moderate valvular heart disease experience no symptoms. However, symptoms can be :

    • shortness of breath
    • palpitation
    • fatigue
    • Chest pain
    • Dizziness and fainting
    • a headache
    • to cough
    • Water retention or swelling in the lower extremities and abdomen
    • Pulmonary edema or excess fluid in the lungs
How are heart valve diseases diagnosed?

If you have symptoms of heart valve disease, your doctor will start by listening to the heart using a stethoscope. He or she will listen for any heart rate abnormalities that might indicate a problem with the heart valves. Your doctor may also listen to the lungs to determine if there is fluid retention as well as check your body for signs of water retention, both symptoms of heart valve problems.

Other tests that can diagnose for valvular heart disease include :

    • Electrocardiogram is a test that shows the electrical activity of the heart. This test is used to check arrhythmia.
    • Echocardiography uses sound waves to create an image of the heart valves and chambers.
    • Cardiac catheterization is another test to diagnose valve disorders. This test uses a thin tube or catheter with a camera to take pictures of the heart and blood vessels. This can help to determine with your doctor the nature and severity of the disease valve.
    • A chest x-ray can be ordered to take a picture of your heart. This may be your doctor if your heart is enlarged.

Magnetic resonance imaging can create a more detailed picture of the heart. This can help to confirm a diagnosis and help your doctor determine how best to treat your valve disorder.

A stress test can also be used to determine how the symptoms are affected by physical exertion. The information from the stress test can help your doctor determine the severity of your condition.

Treatment Options

Treatments for heart valve disorders depend on the severity of the disease and symptoms. Most doctors recommend starting with conservative treatment. This includes :

    • consistent medical supervision
    • smoking
    • a healthy diet

Medications that are usually prescribed are :

    • Beta blocker and calcium channel blocker to help control heart rate and blood flow
    • Reduce diuretics for fluid retention
    • vasodilating drugs that open or dilate the blood vessels

Surgery may be needed if the symptoms increase in severity. This can be used to repair heart valves with patient’s own tissues or heart valve replacement with animal valves, donated valves, mechanical or valves.

Valvuloplasty can also treat the stenosis. A small balloon inserted into the heart, where it is slightly puffed up. The inflation will be the size of the opening in the valve and then the balloon is removed.

What Are The Most Common Stent Heart Side Effects?

Stents are small tubes that are suitable in arteries or ducts to keep them open when compromised. There are a variety of stents designed for various procedures and applications. Some of the procedures include the use of coronary, esophageal, ureteral and biliary stents. Most of them are made of stainless mesh and plastic steel; however, there are other stents that act as transplants and these are made from a special tissue. There are a number of common stent heart side effects that can occur and these could include clotting, calcification, bleeding and pain.

There are two types of stent heart that are typically used: bare mesh stents and stents that have been coated with a drug. These are referred to as drug-eluting stents and are used to prevent the arteries from restarting. These devices are usually more effective and save lives; however, there are cases where patients experience negative results. Clinical studies using wire mesh stents in the cerebral arteries found that the stents caused strokes in patients. Stent Side Effects When performing procedures for coronary heart blockage can sometimes cause chest pain, swelling of the arms or legs, and bleeding from the puncture site on the groin.

 

Uretal stents placed to allow urine to travel unhindered from the kidney to the bladder, sometimes irritate the bladder and cause pain to the back and groin areas. They can be moved from place and wandering in the bladder causing the patient to frequent urination and possibly cause blood to enter the urine. Physical activity can also cause the stent heart to move. Sometimes drug side effects can be lessened, and in most cases, they disappear when the stent is removed. Doctors recommend that patients with constant and severe pain or fever as a result of a stent should seek immediate medical attention.

Patients with stents Side effects of devices with medications sometimes present with blood clots, and in some cases allergic reactions to the stent itself coated. This is usually treated with medication; however, scarring at the site of the stent heart can be a common side effect. Medication-coated stents can also cause gastrointestinal bleeding, flu-like symptoms, chest pain and strokes. Studies have shown that these symptoms and effects can also occur in nude mesh stents, yet appear to be more potent in medical devices. Although not as common, other stent side effects are lung disease and even cancer.

    • A stent heart is a supporting device introduced into the body.
    • While recovering from the surgery, patients need to be careful to sit upright while eating to ensure food goes through the stent.
    • Stents are used to keep blood vessels free of blockages.
    • Blood clotting, calcification, bleeding and pain are among possible side effects of using stents in coronary artery procedures.
    • Some stent heart side effects in the treatment of coronary blockages can cause chest pain.

Hypertension and Smoking Addiction – Risks and Dangers

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply therefore brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

Hypertension-and-Smoking-Addiction

The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

    • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
    • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
    • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension, but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet, the risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Cardiomegaly Heart Disease Expansion Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomegaly is not a disease, but the symptom of a problem with the heart, which causes it to become enlarged. Your heart may become enlarged during pregnancy, or due to a condition that puts stress on the heart, such as coronary artery disease, prolapse or stenosis of one of the heart valves, or problems in the electrical heart rhythm. Occasionally the cause of an enlarged heart may not be known.

The symptoms of cardiomegaly are variable. In the early stages, no symptoms will be felt. Then, as the heart continues to grow, some people will not experience any symptoms at all, while others experience shortness of breath, dizziness, an abnormal heart rate, cough, chest pain or swelling in the feet. The symptoms may be caused by the condition that causes the heart to be enlarged. For example, if your heart valves have been damaged by rheumatic heart disease, you may notice an irregular heartbeat, also called an arrhythmia. Some cardiac arrhythmias cause shortness of breath and dizziness.

High blood pressure causes the heart to work harder to pump blood through the body. When the heart needs to beat faster or harder, the muscles thicken producing cardiomyopathy or stiffening of the heart muscle, which can lead to cardiomegaly over time.

cardiomegaly-heart-disease-expansion-cardiomyopathy

A heart attack, infections, connective tissue disorders, congenital heart disease, certain medications, and cancer radiation can all damage heart, producing enlargement. Pulmonary hypertension, or high blood pressure in the lungs can increase the heart’s workload, causing the right side to be enlarged.

Iron deficiency anemia, resulting in a lack of red blood cells, produces a domino effect. If there are fewer red blood cells to transport oxygen, the heart must work harder to pump more blood to form the lack of oxygen. Over time, untreated anemia can lead to an enlarged heart. On the other hand, too much iron, or a problem with iron metabolism can put pressure on the left side of the heart, weakening the muscles and making balancing cardiomegaly.

Thyroid disorders, both a sluggish thyroid and an overactive thyroid can cause heart problems and cardiomegaly. A rare blood disorder called amyloidosis causes amyloids to build up abnormal proteins in the heart because of it’s enlargement.

Cardiomegaly may be asymptomatic or very serious, depending on the underlying cause or heart disease. The aim of the treatment is to control the symptoms and reduce whatever damage is caused by the factors causing enlargement of the heart. Cardiomegaly can not be cured, and usually can not be reversed, but it can be successfully treated and the symptoms controlled.

The Signs and Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction

If you suspect a heart attack to delay until an ambulance is called, can have devastating consequences. The sooner intervention takes place, the greater the patient’s chances of survival. Every minute counts. It all depends on the patient getting to the clinic as soon as possible, where effective procedures can save his life and limit the damage of the infarction. Everyone can learn to recognize the heart attack and react quickly.

Cause of death No. 2 : Heart attack

Every day about 767 people in Germany suffer a heart attack. That’s 280,000 people a year. Around 49,000 of the men and women affected die as a result, most of them before they go to hospital.

The reason: many patients are still waiting far too long to call the ambulance; because they wanted to wait or because they repressed the heart attack because they did not want to bother anyone out of false consideration and, above all, because they did not interpret the alarm signs correctly. It should always apply: Better to call the ambulance once too much than not at all or too late.

signs-of-myocardial-infarction

Heart attack: alarm

The most common heart attack symptoms are severe chest pain lasting for more than five minutes, which may radiate into the arms, shoulder blades, neck, jaw, upper abdomen. In this case, immediately call the ambulance at 112 or the local emergency number. Further alarm signs :

    • Strong tightness
    • heavy pressure in the chest
    • fear

In addition to chest pain, there may be shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, and in many cases women may even be alarmed by it. In addition, potential signs may include unconsciousness, pale, pale complexion, and cold sweats.

No flash out of the blue

A heart attack means that a coronary vessel is closed by a clot (blood clot). As a result, part of the heart muscle is cut off from the oxygen supply: hence the pain and nausea.

Two major dangers bring the heart attack with it:

    • The one danger is a life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia, the ventricular fibrillation triggered by the heart attack. The heart stops pumping and cardiovascular arrest occurs. In the ambulance and in the clinic are defibrillators available that can eliminate this cardiac arrhythmia electrically.
    • The other danger that a heart attack brings is the pumping failure of the heart. The longer the heart attack occurs, the more heart tissue is lost.
Myocardial infarction: sign under stress

Unexpected and sudden – this is how people experience their heart attack. But many have had complaints before. Signs that have clearly warned of the infarct, but were not taken seriously. A warning sign that precedes the dramatic event of days, weeks, sometimes even months, is the angina (chest tightness). This leads to pain or a feeling of pressure in the chest or only shortness of breath.

The difference to the heart attack is that these signs occur only under load (for example climb stairs, mountain walks, snow sweep) and disappear after a few minutes in peace. For chest pain, even with unexplained gastric or back pain, which only occur under stress, the heart must be thoroughly examined.

Vitamin D For The Heart Health

In recent years, the warnings of the harmful effects of sun on our skin. The danger posed by the sun’s rays should not be underestimated, as it is ultimately responsible for the development of skin cancer. This is also the reason why more and more people avoid sunlight – with far-reaching consequences for their heart health, among other things.

Vitamin D – the sun hormone

The vitamin D was in many scientific studies a great similarity to various steroid hormones certified, so it was henceforth referred to as hormone. Since then, vitamin D has been known as the sun hormone. The explanation for this name lies in the fact that vitamin D is formed by the body itself, and only in conjunction with the sunlight.

As a messenger, it then reaches the bones, the muscles, the brain, the immune system, the pancreas and many other body organs via the blood in order to fulfill its specific tasks. But how does the body react to vitamin D deficiency?

We examine this question using the example of the cardiovascular system.

vitamin-d-for-the-heart-health

How sunlight creates vitamin D

In the liver, the precursor of vitamin D is formed. When the sun’s rays shine on the skin, vitamin D becomes the first precursor of vitamin D3. The skin itself then forms another precursor of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Now the vitamin D3 has to be transported from the skin back to the liver, where it is processed further.

The resulting vitamin is now called calcidiol and is the basis for the vitamin D metabolism dar. About the blood, the calcidiol then finally enters the body cells in which the active form of vitamin D3 – the calcitriol – arises.

Please note: In the form of calcidiol, vitamin D3 is offered as a nutritional supplement. Calcitriol is available exclusively as a prescription drug.

Vitamin D3 capsules

Supplementation in case of sun deficiency. For decades, the important influence of vitamin D on bone health has been emphasized. For a sufficient intake, a daily dose of 600 IU / was recommended, while at the same time a vitamin D blood value of 20 ng / ml was considered normal.

Today, however, many experts believe that this value should be at least 50 ng / ml, so that the vitamin D can develop its optimal effect. In view of this new knowledge, an amount of 4000 to 10,000 IU of vitamin D3 is now considered as supplementation (dietary supplement) for a recommended dosage, as long as one does not spend enough time in the sun.

However, the amount of vitamin D actually needed can always be viewed individually, as it depends on various factors. On the one hand, the starting point, ie the quantity produced by the body itself, has to be considered.

In addition, the amount absorbed by the intestine also varies greatly with the dose delivered. It depends a lot on the intestinal health. In addition, the weight of humans also plays an important role. Since vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, it often disappears into the fat deposits, especially in overweight individuals.

Vitamin D3 and Vitamin K2

It is impossible to take an overdose of vitamin D due to sun exposure to the skin. The situation is different with the supplementation with vitamin D3. Here is an overdose, which could then cause heart problems, not completely excluded.

To optimally benefit from the effects of vitamin D supplementation, vitamin D3 should be taken together with vitamin K2 (as MK-7). Both vitamins have a synergistic effect that dissolves calcium deposits inside the arteries and heart valves and transports them to where the calcium really belongs – to the bones.

vitamin-d-for-the-heart-health-4

Inflammation can cause cardiovascular disease

Vitamin D has so many positive benefits on the cardiovascular system. This finding is particularly important, as every second person dies from the consequences of a disease of this system. Especially people with a high blood pressure suffer a heart attack up to three times more frequently than people with normal blood pressure values.

Some cardiology specialists now want to make history about the widespread misconception that cholesterol is the cause of cardiovascular disease. They are convinced that it is not cholesterol but arterial inflammation that is the cause of all cardiovascular problems and heart disease.

The causes of arterial inflammation

Much of these inflammatory reactions are due to a wrong diet. For the rest, cardiologists blame vitamin D deficiency. This thesis was confirmed among other things in the context of an eight-year study (Ludwigshafener risk study) to 3000 participants. The study found that vitamin D deficiency significantly increases the risk of dying from heart disease. This relationship has also been confirmed by American studies.

The explanation for the effectiveness of vitamin D in terms of cardiovascular disease is based on the fact that vitamin D can protect against inflammation of any kind.

In light of this, it is not surprising that many recent studies have confirmed the link between vitamin D deficiency and the ever-increasing death toll of people with heart disease.

The Brazilian study on vitamin D

These studies were conducted in hospitals specializing in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. One of these studies was conducted in Brazil and published in 2012.

In the 206 patients who participated in this study, initially the vitamin D level in the blood was measured. Thereafter, the participants were divided into two groups. One patient group had a vitamin D level of 10 ng / ml or below and was therefore considered to be deficient. The other group had a vitamin D level of 20 +/- 8 ng / ml, which was considered normal. After all, these were patients who already suffered from coronary heart disease.

Of the study participants who had severe vitamin D deficiency, a significantly higher percentage died during treatment at the hospital than from those patients whose vitamin D blood levels were normal for their condition.

The scientists came to the following conclusion:

Severe vitamin D deficiency has a significant effect on the mortality rate of patients with acute coronary syndrome (circulatory disorder in the coronary arteries).

In other words, the likelihood of you dying after a heart attack in the hospital is significantly greater if you only have an insufficient amount of vitamin D in your blood.

The Danish study on vitamin D

In September 2012, a Danish study was conducted at the University of Copenhagen in collaboration with the Copenhagen University Hospital. This study involved more than 10,000 Danes whose vitamin D levels were measured between 1981 and 1983. Over the years, the values ​​were checked regularly.

The leader of this study, dr. Peter Brøndum-Jacobsen, announced the following result:

We have seen that low vitamin D blood levels significantly increase the risk of developing heart disease or worsening existing conditions compared to optimal vitamin D levels. Our results showed that the risk of developing ischemic heart disease increased by 40%. This condition describes a constriction of the coronary arteries, which leads to strong circulatory disorders of the heart muscle, causes pain in the chest area and finally can cause a life-threatening heart attack. The risk of having a heart attack increases by 64%. The risk of premature death is increased by 57%, and the risk of dying from heart disease generally increases by as much as 81%.

The American study of vitamin D

Another study was conducted at the Heart Institute at Intermountain Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah. Almost 28,000 patients over the age of 50, who had no heart disease by that time, participated in this study. For all participants, the vitamin D value in the blood was first determined. Subsequently, they were divided into three groups based on the measurement results (very low value, low value, normal value). The normal guideline value for this study was 30 ng / ml.

The study found that those patients who had a very low vitamin D level were twice as likely to succumb to heart failure than those who had normal vitamin D levels in the body. In addition, study participants in the group with the lowest vitamin D levels were 78% more susceptible to strokes and 45% more susceptible to coronary heart disease.

Overall, it has been found that very low vitamin D levels are twice as likely to cause cardiac failure than is the case in normal people.

The best vitamin D supplier is the sun

All the research results about the vitamin D clearly show that our body relies on this vitamin so that diseases that are also due to a vitamin D deficiency, not even arise. Use this information for the sake of your health. Expose yourself to natural UV radiation as often as possible. Bring sun to your skin whenever possible, but remember the following recommendations:

    • Do not expose yourself to the blazing sun, because the sun’s rays can also be reached in sheltered places.
    • Depending on the skin type, the sun should not last longer than 5 to a maximum of 40 minutes.
    • Avoid the midday sun, as the dangerous UVA radiation is highest during this time.
    • Do not use sunscreen for short stays in the sun, as sunscreen with sun protection factor 15 will almost completely block vitamin D production.

If you also check your diet and optimize it, it should soon improve your heart 🙂

How to check your vitamin D level with a home test, how to evaluate the result and how you can determine the right vitamin D dosage for you, read here: Vitamin D – The right intake.

What Causes Fluid Around The Heart (Pericardial Effusion) In The Elderly.

Pericardial effusion is a condition that shows the accumulation of fluid around the heart. The bilayer structure surrounding the heart is known as the pericardium, and normally there is a thin layer of fluid between the layers. High volume fluid may accumulate in the pericardium as a result of injury or illness – it may also be due to inflammation or bleeding.

Too much fluid around the heart can put extra pressure on the heart and leave it untreated – it can be a deadly condition.

Is fluid around the heart dangerous?

The answer depends largely on the cause of the excess fluid. There are a variety of causes, and different causes correlate with the danger of the disease.

 

what-causes-fluid-around-the-heart

In many cases, the fluid around the heart is the result of a viral infection and will clear itself – in which case the condition is less dangerous. When fluid around the heart is the result of trauma or autoimmune disease, it is very dangerous.

Types of fluid around the heart (pericardial effusion)

There are four types of pericardial effusion: fibrinous effusion, serous effusion, purulent effusion, and hemorrhagic effusion. Serous effusion is associated with irritation of the pericardium, with excess fluid excreted from the visceral layer of the serous pericardium.

The fibrous effusion contains fibrin, which is organized and forms adhesions. Hemorrhagic effusion is the result of mixing blood with other substances in the body, and purulent effusion is an accumulation of pus around the heart, often caused by infection.

 

Symptoms of fluid around the heart

Symptoms of pericardial effusion gradually increase with increasing fluid retention. Symptoms may include shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, difficulty breathing while lying, chest pain on the left side and chest fullness.

If symptoms of chest pain persist, call 911 immediately for a few minutes, or when breathing becomes increasingly difficult or painful.

What causes fluid around the heart?

As mentioned, there are a number of causes of pericardial effusion that vary in severity. Occurs in some cases, when the cause cannot be determined, it is known as idiopathic pericarditis.

Causes of fluid around the heart are:

    • Inflammation of the pericardium caused by heart attacks and heart surgery
    • Autoimmune diseases such as lupus
    • Spread of cancer, especially lung cancer, breast cancer or melanoma
    • Perikardkarzinom
    • Radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer
    • Waste product in the blood as kidney failure
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Virus, bacterial, fungal or parasitic infections
    • Breast or heart trauma
    • Certain prescription medicines, such as As medicines for the treatment of hypertension, epileptic seizures or tuberculosis drugs
Diagnosis of pericardial effusion

Your doctor will perform a series of tests to correctly diagnose pericardial effusion. These tests include:

    • Medical examination
    • Echocardiogram that uses sound waves to get a picture of your heart. Your doctor will examine the space between the heart and pericardium to determine the extent of fluid retention. There are two types of echocardiograms: transthoracic or transesophageal, which is either a device over the chest or a tube in the esophagus.
    • Electrocardiograms that recorded electrical signals from the heart
    • Chest X-ray
    • Use of MRI or CT Scan as imaging techniques
    • blood tests
Guidelines on Pericardial Casting Treatment

The treatment of pericardial effusion is based on the underlying cause of the disease. This means that your doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, corticosteroids or aspirin. If these treatments are not successful, your doctor will need to drain the fluid around the heart by inserting a thin needle and catheter. Other treatments include balloon pericardiotomy – which uses a deflated balloon to stretch the layers around the heart -, open heart surgery, and the removal of all or parts of pericardium, which is often used in recurrent cases.

To avoid complications from pericardial effusion, it is best you see your doctor the moment you begin to experience symptoms. When it comes to matters of the heart, you do not want to fool around. If you have any breast-related symptoms, you should have yourself examined as this may also be an indication of a heart attack.