Many of us have papaya, useful properties, but not everybody knows it. Today we will talk more about overseas guests who are happy for each table.
Papaya – this is not the tallest tree, reaches a height of about 5-10 meters, thin trunk, deprived of twigs, the leaves are large, about 50 centimeters in diameter, are only in the top of the plant. The bark of the tree, made of thick-walled fibers strong, very strong, so that a rope consists of it. Papaya fruits oval, 30 cm long, in shape and taste very similar to the melon, it is called melon tree. Ripe papaya fruit is soft golden yellow color. The life of the tree is about 20 years, it begins to bear fruit in the first year and to the end of its life. Papaya is one of the most important fruit plants in the tropics. The fruits are used in their diet more than one million people.
The main application of papaya – is the use of its fruit as food. It’s eaten raw, and that stewed. Also, papaya fruits baked in the fire. However, they give off a smell of bread, as well as papaya and bread tree. Papaya fruits contain vitamins C, B1, B2, B5, and D; Minerals: potassium, calcium, chlorine, zinc, magnesium, iron; Carbohydrates: fructose and glucose. Of particular value is the fruit of the plant enzyme – papain. Papain promotes lipolysis and strength and also cleaves proteins in the human stomach. Therefore, the papaya is mainly used as a food product that helps digestion.
In folk medicine uses papaya juice, it contains an enzyme, regeneration of the connective tissue of the intervertebral discs, so that it is used in osteochondrosis. Also, papaya juice is used as a remedy for worms. The milky juice from unripe fruits, while drying, the drugs received papain. It’s used in the treatment of various diseases of the stomach. But it should be noted that the milky sap of the unripe fruit is highly toxic, is white, and when ripe it becomes watery and loses its toxic properties. The juice of papaya is used in the kitchen when cooking meat, as it is able to soften the meat is very stiff. And if the old beef wrapped in papaya leaves for a few hours, then it will be soft and easy. Also for softening meat while preparing hotter is added papaya pieces.
Papaya fruit eats vitamins A, B, D because of its high content, normalizes the liver, stomach acid and normalizes blood sugar. Papaya promotes a rapid recovery of the body after the transmitted diseases. Especially recommended to include in your diet papaya elder. Made from papaya tablets for the treatment of herpes. It is believed that regular use of the papaya helps to protect the body from cancer. Papain obtained from the milk juice is used in the treatment of thrombosis. Externally, it is used for the rapid healing of burns, wounds, bedsores. It helps cleanse the wound of the necrotic masses. Creams containing papain are used in dentistry. It is used for the treatment of tooth decay and other diseases of the oral cavity. In addition to the medical uses papaya and cosmetics.
Widespread use has been obtained from the seeds of the fruit papaya oil. The oil contains large amounts of vitamin A and C, and rich in potassium. It is used for muscle building and skin hydration, whereby the oil penetrates easily into the skin. Most oil papaya is used for oily and problematic skin as it helps in reducing sebum production. Oil acts as an antibiotic, so it can be applied to injured skin. More oil is used in hair care because it gives shine on hair care properties. In addition to the papaya enzyme in the papaya enzyme papain used oil. Apply ointments and creams containing papain, freckles, age spots to remove. Papain weakens ingrown hair and prevents the growth of new hair as it promotes the destruction of keratin. Therefore, papain will be used to remove unwanted body hair. Use papaya juice carefully because it can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions. As folk medicine in India, women used immature papaya as a contraceptive.
The food industry also uses papaya, more papain. It is used for the clarification of wine, as well as to give the young wine tasting aged old wine to add to the taste of the cheese, for juices, sweets etc.
When buying fruit, be advised that the peel of the papaya fruit is green with a yellow tint. The fruit should be soft, regular in shape, with no pungent odor. Ripe fruits stored in the refrigerator for about a week at room temperature not more than two days. Papaya fruits are not suitable for freezing. Here is one he, papaya fruits, useful properties that are so important to each one of us.